Cause and Effect Essay Topics For All Education Levels


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Everything in this world is interconnected. All things have their causes and consequences, and it is essential to understand them. Being a child, you’ve heard from your mother that it is dangerous to play with fire or speak with people you don’t know. Now you understand why you won’t perform at the test if you haven’t slept all night watching TV series. However, some things are not so easy to understand.

That’s why during your studies in school or college, you’ll face such assignments as a cause and effect essay. This task may be easy and challenging, depending on the topic, writing skills, assignment requirements, and other factors. Don’t hesitate to ask for help if you need it. We’ve prepared a detailed guide with useful advice, interesting essay topics for college students, and some tips to make your writing flawless. We can also provide you with a custom paper written from scratch, so let us know.

Speaking about writing approaches, it is important to start from the definition.

What is a cause and effect essay?

A student paper explains how one event (or the cause) leads to another event (or the effect). There are two main approaches to writing this piece:

  1. Analyze how some effects happen for a particular reason.

  2. Analyze how some causes lead to specific reasons.

In other words, if you don’t have strict requirements, you may choose whether you focus on causes, on effect, or try to describe both sides.

The topic may depend on your educational level and the discipline you study. Some of them are pretty simple, e.g., "Why don’t children love mathematics?". But there may be some complicated ideas as well, like "What are the negative consequences of the Industrial Revolution?". However, the complexity may also depend on your knowledge and interests. That’s why, if the choice of topic is up to you, you should write a cause and effect essay about something that excites your mind.

How to Choose the Best Topic?

Now you know what a cause and effect essay is, and now you need to develop a killer topic.

The first important thing is to read all your requirements carefully. Your teacher or professor may have some criteria according to the topic or at least the direction. If one hasn’t provided you with them, give way to your fantasy. There are three steps to follow:

Step 1. Organize the brainstorm session

Forget about your smartphone and other distractions. Take a sheet of paper and a pen. Set a timer of 30 minutes and just write down all ideas that come to your mind. Try to write as many as possible, don’t stop with the first ones.

The first 5 or even 10 essay topics may be straightforward and superficial. It is expected, our brain works that way. But you should free it from these banal ideas and "launch’ complex thought processes. If you need more time, just rearrange the timer.

In the end, you’ll get the list with 30-50 exciting ideas to choose from. If you need additional inspiration, look for some cause and effect or argumentative essay topics examples. Don’t copy them though, think what you can write about.

Step 2. Create a shortlist

Your second step is to create a shortlist with the topics you like more than others. Get rid of those superficial ones, of topics you find too complicated, or of ones you just don’t like.

It is hard to define sometimes which ideas are OK to continue with, and which are not. It is where the third step may help you.

Step 3. Find the information

Once you have a list with 3-5 ideas, you can proceed to brief research. Firstly, write down some theses from your head: what do you know about these topics? How many causes or effects can you provide? Is it something personal, or you can stay objective, without emotions? Define places where you feel gaps.

Now you can look for information on the Internet or other sources you have access to. Try to fill-in these gaps. You can read some essay samples to see how other people write about the same things. Try to look at them from the new angle, and find the information to support your thoughts.

After that, you will understand which idea is the best one since not all of them will have enough evidence to proceed with. You may consider some facts too banal or over discussed, so it won’t be hard to choose just one topic.

Choosing Cause and Effect Essay Topics Depending on Student Level

Your topic choice may depend on several factors, such as your educational level. It is important because 12-year students, 16-year ones, and 20-year young adults have different knowledge, skills, command of the language, understanding of causes and effects. Of course, if you know that you can handle the complicated topic that raises essential issues, you should face this challenge. However, there are some general ideas you can adhere to.

The point is that you should write about something you take care about. That’s why some students find the essay writing boring or time-wasting: they just don’t like their essay topics. Remember how curious you can be when you feel passion for something new. You’re continually googling, reading different articles and books, discussing them with your friends and any other people who are ready to speak with you about these issues. Interests in middle school, high school, and college are quite different. It is the reason why we are suggesting the next tips.

For middle school

Middle school is grades 6-8 (11-13 years), and it is a period when children become teenagers. There are a lot of different issues that may worry about a regular middle schooler. For example, the effect of smartphones and tablets have. Or about the causes of obesity among children in the USA.

Looking for persuasive essay topics for middle school, try to choose some that are pressing these days. There is no need to write about single-sex schools if this issue is not typical for your state. Think of your audience as well. What your classmates would read about? Below, you’ll find a list of suggestions you may use for your inspiration.

For high school

The life of 14-18-year students becomes more challenging and exciting. On the one hand, teenagers are rebellious, they don’t like anything their teachers or even parents suggest to them. On the other hand, this period is when you need to think about your future, what do you want from it.

When writing a cause and effect essay in high school, show your ability to gather and analyze information. You may choose essay topics that are important for your society, e.g. state or even the whole country. Think about the problems people around you face. It may be the health system, relationships, culture issues, and so on. At this moment, you should be able to write an evidence-based effect essay, structure your thoughts, prepare an outline, etc.

For college students

Cause and effect essay topics for adults are more complicated because they are rarely unambiguous. You can think of some causes and consequences but dig deeper, and they will turn out to be different. The college period is a time when students learn to think critically, they not only analyze information but also question it. You may choose some topics that require a skeptic approach. Maybe you can offer something new that wasn’t widely discussed before.

Choosing Cause and Effect Essay Topics Depending on the Field

If you can’t come up with a good idea for your paper yet, try to define a direction. Which field do you like? Many students are big fans of technologies and social media. You may have what to say about modern education or the healthcare system. Take a look at some case study topics if you want to delve deeper, and write about some business or marketing issues. Below you’ll find a list of 77 effect essay topics about different aspects of our life. Choose one of them or nurture your brain with good inspirational ideas.

Topics About Relationship

  1. Does the affordability of housing affect the well-being of newly married families?
  2. Could bad sleep cause problems in family relationships?
  3. Lack of close communication can be the beginning of severe misunderstandings in a couple.
  4. Both spouses must work for financial and psychological rewards.
  5. Is it true that the divorce of parents affects the family happiness of their children in the future?
  6. What are the main reasons for breaking up a relationship today?
  7. Children adopt patterns of family behavior from their parents.
  8. What will help build strong friendships?
  9. Factors that influence the establishment of trust.
  10. Why is it easier to make new friends in childhood than in adulthood?
  11. Significance of trust in a romantic relationship.
  12. Influence of technology on communication within relationships.
  13. Effects of childhood experiences on adult intimate relationships.
  14. Pros and cons of maintaining a long-distance relationship.
  15. Importance of compromise in achieving a healthy and fulfilling relationship.

Topics About Social Issues

  1. How does socioeconomic status affect the development of the psychology of the poor in children?
  2. What are the causes and consequences of complex relationships between society and different minority groups?
  3. What will the abrupt change of political course in the USA lead to?
  4. What is the main reason for the significant influence of religion on politics in many countries?
  5. Is the feminist movement undermining the institution of the family?
  6. Possible scenarios after changes in tax legislation.
  7. Basic income: help the unemployed or demotivating factor?
  8. How does childhood illiteracy affect the development of criminal tendencies?
  9. Does work stress affect divorce statistics?
  10. Should you develop international adoption?
  11. What are the social, psychological, employment, and other consequences of gender inequality in the world?
  12. How does poverty affect the education system?
  13. The impact of mental health stigma on access to healthcare.
  14. How does racial discrimination impact mental health?
  15. Effects of income inequality on crime rates in urban areas.

Ideas Connected With Healthcare

  1. Can you protect your immune system while avoiding emotional problems?
  2. Junk food: giving energy or taking it out?
  3. What are the causes and consequences of emotional overeating?
  4. Is it possible to say that the lack of moral support leads to psychological illnesses such as anorexia and bulimia?
  5. The relationship between poor digestion and emotional overeating.
  6. Is it true that positive life changes can be a cause of great stress?
  7. What contributes to the development of asthma, chronic bronchitis, and other lung diseases?
  8. Can the media be blamed for eating disorders in young people?
  9. Should the marketing of fast food be banned to reduce the risk of obesity in children and adolescents?
  10. How has the global healthcare system been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic?
  11. What is the role of technology in delivering modern healthcare?
  12. How does physician burnout impact patient care and outcomes?
  13. The benefits and drawbacks of telemedicine in providing healthcare services.
  14. What are the ethical considerations around rationing healthcare resources in limited settings?
  15. In what ways do healthcare disparities affect minority populations?

Topic About Social Media and Internet

  1. The detrimental effect of social media usage on schoolchildren.
  2. Can we say that social media doesn't let people communicate in their regular life?
  3. Does the Internet affect our brain and behavior patterns?
  4. Why do people prefer Tinder and other apps to get to know each other online?
  5. Is it safe enough to have a profile on the popular social networks?
  6. What are the most reliable sources these days: traditional media or Facebook posts?
  7. How do micro-influencers change the word?
  8. Is it easy to become famous on Instagram?
  9. Positive effects of modern social networks.
  10. Why do people pretend to be someone else on the Internet?
  11. Should parents control the online activity of their children? What are the consequences of interference and ignorance?
  12. Online privacy and cybersecurity: Analyzing the various threats.
  13. The evolution of fake news in the digital age.
  14. Challenges of media diversity in the digital era.
  15. Implications of the rise of streaming for traditional forms of television and film production.

Topics About Education

  1. How do modern approaches to education (including digital) affect the level of student preparation?
  2. Could designating a child as a child prodigy ruin his school life? Does giftedness exert pressure?
  3. Why do children find most disciplines boring?
  4. Is the quality of education changing through interactive whiteboards and e-textbooks?
  5. What are the implications of distance learning during a pandemic for future education?
  6. Is it true that homeschooling reduces socialization skills?
  7. The reasons and consequences of the introduction of the school uniform?
  8. What makes campus life more stressful or independent?
  9. What disciplines should you focus on in college: technical, social, artistic, or others?
  10. Why do some educational institutions train right specialists, while others do not?
  11. How can new digital tools and platforms be leveraged to improve learning experiences for students?
  12. Do high-stakes tests like the SAT, ACT accurately measure student learning outcomes?
  13. How can schools and teachers support students' emotional well-being, develop their social skills, and foster a sense of community and belonging in the classroom?
  14. Role of vocational education in preparing students for the workforce.
  15. Impact of cultural and linguistic diversity on learning outcomes.

Topics About History and Politics

  1. Which countries were the most and least affected by the First World War?
  2. Does slavery, adopted in the past, have any impact on modern society?
  3. The experience gained by war veterans cannot allow people to live the way they used to live. What are the challenges facing the lost generation?
  4. Do people feel a genetic connection with previous generations?
  5. How do different religions change over time and under the influence of what factors?
  6. British colonialism and its critical consequences for other countries.
  7. Has globalization helped women and the feminist movement in general?
  8. What would the United States be like without the Civil War?
  9. Is the current immigration policy helping to reduce illegal immigration?
  10. How have historical patterns of colonization and exploitation shaped contemporary power structures and global inequality?
  11. How do societies commemorate historical events and figures?
  12. The role of identity politics in American democracy.
  13. Why are authoritarian leaders gaining ground around the world?
  14. How have immigration policies and attitudes evolved over time?
  15. How can we ensure that modern social movements remain inclusive, effective, and sustainable over time?

Topics About Technology

  1. What can cloning people lead to?
  2. How do generations change depending on technological progress?
  3. The reasons why some countries are more technologically advanced than others.
  4. Influence of the Internet on fragile minds.
  5. How can robots replace people in their jobs?
  6. How do educational apps help in the classroom?
  7. Why did virtual reality appear, and what can it lead to?
  8. Why are smartphones today, not a luxury but a necessity?
  9. Are autopilot cars dangerous?
  10. War of the Giants: How are tech brands changing the world?
  11. Should people be afraid of the technology process?
  12. The pros and cons of autonomous vehicles.
  13. Role of big data in business analytics: Opportunities and challenges.
  14. Blockchain and its potential to revolutionize industries and societies.
  15. The dark side of technology: Addiction, depression, and psychological disorders.

Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  1. What if people have so many cats as they want?
  2. Is it possible to make all children's dreams come true?
  3. What is better: to clean your room or to take a rest?
  4. What are the causes of teenagers’ constant lousy mood?
  5. Is overthinking good or bad?
  6. How does essay writing affect school students?
  7. The art of binge-watching: A guide to balancing productivity and relaxation
  8. Why we love sharing memes
  9. Cultural significance of video games: From pong to Fortnite
  10. The most influential TV shows of the 21st century
  11. Rise and fall of selfie culture: A sociological perspective
  12. Evolution of social dancing: From the twist to TikTok
  13. The sport of competitive eating: A look into the world of gastronomic challenges
  14. Beauty standards of the future: Will smartphones make us all look the same?
  15. Philosophy of YOLO: Is it a lifestyle worth living?

Some Prewriting and Writing Tips to Make the Whole Process Easier

Topic selection is only a small part of the writing process, although it determines a lot. It is essential to understand that all students have different talents. Someone can develop 10 interesting topics in 1 minute, but they cannot write an indeed structured and logical cause and effect essay. At the same time, another student will prepare the paper without any fiddling, but only if the professor provides an exact topic and precise requirements.

This is why all students are periodically faced with a situation where they need expert help. Everyone has different needs, and we strive to take them all into account. Take a look at our tips to make your writing skills better.

Think out of the box

If you feel that it is hard to generate new ideas and can’t just come up with a topic, don’t worry. Creativity is a skill, and you can practice it. Try to fantasize more; remember how you did it when being a child. Invite your friends to play in associations, and do not dwell on the banalest ones. Once you start, you will notice that your brain responds with pleasure and gradually begins to think more creatively.

Write as often as you can

If it is not just an assignment to get your grade, and you want to polish your writing skills, you should...write. It sounds obvious, but it is the only thing that works.

Don’t start with huge papers, because it is boring and it will demotivate you. Most likely, you have a Notes app on your smartphone so that you can use it not for your shopping list now. You can write even a shopping list with a bit of creativity and some writing techniques.

Write down your thoughts, dreams, ideas, plans. If you’ve met an engaging perfect, try to create a short story about him or her. Your first drafts won’t be flawless, but you’ll see some progress in a while.

Ask for help

If you understand that you don’t have enough time and energy to complete your task, don’t hesitate to ask for help. You may schedule an appointment with your professor, show your cause and effect essay to the fellow student, or hire a professional author or an editor. You have the Internet with billions of opportunities online, so don’t miss them. We’re always here to provide you with more tips, essay samples, effect essay topics, ideas, and professional writing services!

Brief Guide on How to Write Cause and Effect Essay

Almost all students' essays have the same structure. You should look for additional information about the term paper format or the Master’s thesis, but the piece is pretty simple.

However, you may lack experience if you don’t deal with these assignments all the time. Students who are studying English or literature can teach others how to write essays. But if you’re a future lawyer, nurse, computer science, it is normal if you don’t know too much. You may study in middle or high school as well. So, we have prepared a brief but informative guide you may use if you need help with your paper.

Strong Introduction

The introduction is the first paragraph of your cause and effect essay. It can also become the last if you do not interest your readers from the first lines.

Think of it as a racing car acceleration lane when you need to pick up speed gradually. You can't give out all the sweetest things at once, you need to prepare your readers.

The first paragraph gives an overview of the topic you are researching. For example, if you are writing about World War II's causes and consequences, you need to write about what this event is and why you decided to analyze it.

You also need to get a general idea of ​​the approach you are taking right away. For example, you will consider exclusively economic consequences, without touching social ones, etc.

Paragraphs: Writing about causes

Depending on your paper's structure, your next paragraphs should be devoted to the causes.

Provide your view of the factors that caused some event, and provide useful evidence. It would be a good idea to choose just one direction since there may be a dozen causes for World War II. You simply can’t write about all of them. So, you should explain why you’ve chosen these particular ones, e.g., you consider them to be the most important.

Any consideration you make should be evidence-based. Here is the place when you can provide the information you’ve found at the prewriting stage. Choose your sources carefully, and check all the facts you use in the paper. If you’re citing someone, make sure you do it according to formatting rules.

Phrases of a causation

  • As a result;
  • So that;
  • Because;
  • Hence;
  • Thus;
  • Due to;
  • Therefore;
  • Since;
  • Consequently;
  • The first effect of (X) is (Y);
  • Another result of (X) is (Y).

Paragraphs: Writing about the effects

The general point is the same: you should explain the consequences of a particular event in detail. Provide a list of them as well as the evidence from your sources. Writing these paragraphs may be very interesting because you can try to identify some effects that are not obvious. Of course, it depends on the requirements, because your teacher may have some expectations.

The cause and effect connection

This paragraph may be the most important and the most challenging at the same time. You should explain how the causes and effects you’ve already described are interconnected. Can you find some patterns for different reasons and consequences? Are they random or repeatable? Can you name some cases where we can see the same pattern?

Writing about the cause and effect connection, you should rely on your analytical thinking skills. And if you’ve found some link, check if someone has already described it, and use these sources to come up with your decisions.


The conclusion paragraph may seem not so important as the previous ones. But there is a risk that your audience has finished the essay with the words "So what?" You can’t leave them with this question because it negates the value of your writing.

Why are these causes and effects that you’ve written about important? Can people use them to prevent some events in the future? Maybe knowing the causes, we can fix some mistakes? It is the part where you can provide your opinion based on the knowledge you have.

Finishing the essay, try to choose some inspiring words or even call to action. Closing your paper, people should understand what that can do with the information they have received from it.

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