How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Easy Step-by-Step Guide



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How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Easy Step-by-Step Guide

In the essay, you must express your conviction on the formulated problem, agree or disagree with the author's position. In your answer, you must give two arguments based on knowledge, life, or reading experience.

It has a name - argumentative essay. A box is nothing more than an expression of one's conviction on the proposed problem. However, to argue correctly, you need to follow specific rules.

Let's say you have been assigned the goal of expressing your position on an essay ("Is it good to be kind?", "What do you think, what is friendship for?"). Saying something like "Yes / No" or giving a monosyllabic formulation is most comfortable, but it won't count as a fact. Remember, presenting a box isn't just about agreeing or protesting, but also explaining why you think so.

What Is an Argumentative Essay?

An essay is an info message that proves the truth of a statement or concept. There are three main styles of arguments:

  • Logical fact;
  • Illustrative examples;
  • Authoritative opinions, resources from which to draw inspiration.

The first group includes evidence that follows from the very logic of the thought process. They also called rational.

Illustrative facts "reveal" the position with visual confirmation. As a picture, stories use from personal (own life, cases that happened with friends and acquaintances) or ordinary human experience (world culture, history).

Authoritative opinions also work flawlessly. Statements of world art (writers, artists, actors, and others) are considered facts that do not require further proof. Also, discussions are in defense or refutation of the position.

Descriptive vs. Argumentative Essay

Everyone should be able to write a work-description. And it doesn't matter if you get a technical education or a humanities education. For successful communication with other people, it is crucial to correctly describe objects, phenomena, or actions and logically present a conviction in such a description.

A descriptive essay is a work that represents the signs, properties, qualities of a person, object, or phenomenon. Descriptive essay examples indicate the correct sequence of teaching the material. For your personal paper, you can read a sample, just for inspiration, the paper itself must be unique.

Essay - in the text, several proofs of different styles, following each other, work on contrast and look impressive. Proving the legitimacy of a declaration, select positive examples of illustration or resources of other authors.

The fact must be clear and outlined. To do this, each new information in the letter should start with a new line. You can use one discussion, but you need to give a comprehensive analysis of the topic's work.

The Function of the Argumentative Essay

Creativity, creating something new that no one has ever created before, involves completely different parts of the brain and soul that sleep while doing other tasks. A student who knows what he has to do also gets to know the first task more attentively and thoughtfully.

The essay teaches us to think with the tension that allows us to overcome some atypical tasks, look for non-standard solutions, and communicate these findings and answers. Writing an essay helps to navigate and learn not only language and literature but also successfully comprehend other subjects - mathematics, physics, drawing, and other resources.

This, although it seems paradoxical, is a well-known teaching practice. Even better, when you create truly ingenious creations from your sample.

Models for Argumentative Essays

The parameter is information proving the validity of the position. The same rules apply when choosing sources. Argumentation can occupy a significant part of the text of the work. A useful fact is official data or info from documents. A wrong box is someone's personal subjective opinion expressed in the media or blog.

A fact can only be accurate and reliable info. If something can be argued, using numbers and graphs, this must don. An empirical study carried out by the work creator can also be a parameter, but only if the experiment carried out correctly.

Arguments and examples should strictly follow the basic idea. One item - one box, follow this rule, and do not overload the text; two, three proofs will be enough for a document, if you have a sample, then follow it.

What Are the Parts of an Argumentative Essay?

The composition is reasonably free in choosing the style and focus of the topic, expressing your point of view. Despite the absolute infinity of the rules, the outline of the essay must strictly observe. Traditionally, it defines the staging and disclosure of the three essential parts of the composition:

  • introductory;
  • main;
  • the final part.

In the absence of one of the three parts, the pattern of the entire composition broken. This is considered a mistake and is strictly taken into account when evaluating the whole conclusion piece.

Set the ratio of the volume of the introduction, the central part, and the conclusion. Remember that the primary element should be the largest, the opening should be half as small, and the end should be the lowest. Any deviations in the volume of one or another part of the essay will negatively affect entire work, and therefore assessment, your text will not become a sample for others.

A Well-Structured Thesis

I want to ask the question - how do you write a thesis statement for an argumentative essay? You probably missed this point, so let's figure it out together. The article's abstracts are its necessary provisions, briefly formulated to convey the content of the text concisely, tell about the goals, objectives, methods, results of the research described, and the conclusions made by the author.

After getting acquainted with the thesis statement for essay writing, the reader should understand the essence of the presented work, its novelty, and relevance. In a narrow sense, the position is an abbreviated version of a scientific article, conveying the essence of a more voluminous work concisely.

Sometimes this is taught in high school, college, but first-year students force to study the genre's pattern on their own. To avoid confusion, stick to the thesis statement plan (topic, goal, task) and review a sample of other creators.


First, let me remind you of the critical signs of entry:

  1. Laconic (introduction and derivation took together - no more than one-third of the entire work).
  2. Connection with the text topic, with the central part and the completion of the essay writing.
  3. In the introduction, you need to find a place for the problem of the original version.
  4. In the end, refer to the introductory materials.

The introduction organizes the entire text, so you need to be very serious about choosing its form and content. The opening leads to the text's problem, which helps to logically move to the creator's position and your reasoned attitude to the problem.

Use interesting facts, unusual comparisons at the beginning, tell a story from your own or someone else's experience. Describe the problem, provide an example, tell us why to read your text.

Supporting Body Paragraphs

Divide the text into paragraphs - the elementary rule of text design. One thought - one item. Some do not understand this, send the text without details: as it is, by a stream of consciousness, a big, big footcloth.

Break into items so that the person understands you. To rest your eyes, in the end. To make it easier to find where I finished reading before getting distracted. Worse than non-paragraph text can only be the abuse of formatting: bold, italic, bold, italic. Persuasive essay structure is your primary goal.

The rule for working with text is to divide into items. This is a way to manage attention: the reader sees small pieces of writing and tempted to read them. If the text divided into sections, this is good, but it can be better.

Your Persuasive Conclusion

Since this section highlighted for summary purposes, the student must conclude. Only in this box will the work please you with a high mark. Extracts from the text support the results. The final item summarizes the importance of the work.

The volume of the abstract's final section cannot be more than the introductory part's size. If we talk as a percentage of all work, then 5 to 10 percent are allocated for the derivation. It would help if you did not stretch the text by inserting phrases that do not carry a semantic load.

After carefully reading the central part, you can begin to collect phrases and info. In this box, the retelling should consist of informative theses. These phrases will become the filling of an essential section of the work. There may be several derivations, but each subsequent point flows smoothly.

Transitional Phrases

Transitive verbs are verbs that must be followed by an appendix to get a complete sentence filled with content. Many dictionaries do not disregard this property of verbs. And provide us with info about the transitivity or intransitivity of words.

There are transition words in every text, although different programs monitor their presence, motivate the author to reduce the number. They belong to the category of stop words.

Without these phrases, articles will be annoying and inconvenient to read. In the desire to write juicy, not dry text, transition words are essential. The phrase "very important" is an example of transition words. More examples: "because", "besides", "the best", "probably". Some services consider these words garbage, but they can argue with, provided that transitional phrases used in moderation.

How To Outline an Argumentative Essay

Replacing a fact with a paraphrase is one of the most popular mistakes school children make. Writing is reasoning, so the examples you provide should support your position or develop a thought. You are not competing in the ability to memorize the works of the school curriculum. It is necessary to show that you can analyze what you have read, embed it in your experience, and your declaration.

There is a legend in schools, the college that one can argue one's position only with examples from fiction - this is not true. The essay rules say that you should rely primarily on your reading experience. There is no word that only classical pieces can use. Not told about fiction. You choose how the paper looks like, what facts you need to provide. Consider these rules to create the perfect story. State the events in the way you see fit.

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

The most common classical pattern of the text includes an introduction, central part, derivation. This pattern often has an info speech, a report. Nowadays, welcoming trade speeches differ in free composition, primarily determined by the situation and the addressee.

In the course of experiments, it was found that what best remembered and assimilated is given at the beginning. At or end of the message, this is due to the action of the so-called psychological law of the "edge." Therefore, it is essential to consider the content of the introduction and derivation.

Any text can attribute to a particular style. Style usually understood as a kind of literary language that performs a specific function in communication. Therefore, the methods are called functional.


Own position is the opinion of the student writing the essay on the problem of the original text. Not on any issue from those in the version, but on the one you have chosen. Your thoughts, emotions, feelings.

The student's conviction may not be the same as the author's. This is at least normal, and sometimes an opposition point of view is even welcomed. The idea of the creator is far from always authoritative; the creator is not still right. Don't be afraid to write your thoughts.

But always think that it is your position that you will need to argue in the future. Therefore, you should not write about your very radical views, because problems with a parameter may arise.

We write by analogy with the position of the author. We express our conviction using cliché phrases or other means. We try to do without complicated and tedious expressions. 1-3 sentences are enough.


Reasoning identifies and describes the causes and relationships of any phenomena. A position is placed at the beginning. A declaration, the truth of which must prove with arguments, weighty, and convincing evidence. The paper can be based both on reasoning-statements and on reasoning-refutation.

The writer allows using not only direct facts, but sometimes also information from the contrary. When building evidence, the author of a paper can rely on personal experience, newspaper and magazine publications, films, provide examples from life and literature.

Argumentation in an essay-reasoning should take at least 2/3 of the total volume. The optimal number of facts for a small paper is three. Personal experience can serve as a fact, but remember that this is the least convincing info.


The proof is a logical operation to substantiate the truth of judgment using other true beliefs. It performs a kind of cognitive role. A person constructs the text with a particular purpose. For example, make sure that some knowledge is real and linked with whether this thought is correct, and why?

In the process of proof, the real grounds sought from which this knowledge follows. This is significantly different from inference, which solves a cognitive task - finding what follows from the existing premises.

The pattern of the proof determined by the following three questions: What is being proved? What is the evidence of the proposed position? How is it shown? The answers to these questions reveal the concepts of place, grounds, and demonstration that are part of the text pattern.


By argumentative discourse, we mean dialogue-dispute, dialogue-conversation. If the remarks are thematically interconnected, then there is a chance that you wrote the text well.

We use counterarguments to create convincing text successfully. It is they who became the basis of everything written; our goal is to create a document on the pretext of influencing factors that will affect the human mind.

Dialogue is the interlocutor's remarks, which file with counterarguments. And a set of factors that carry a convincing message. Sometimes we defend our opinion through counterarguments, touching upon conflicting positions, such as talking about politics.

The dialogical unity components' connection is characterized either by the subordinate relationship of replicas or by the ray connection. This is a combination of ingredients when the position is the thematic core.

Types of Argument Claims

To substantiate means to reduce a questionable or controversial idea to an acceptable one for the audience. Adequate maybe a thought that the audience finds authentic or believable, correct in terms of a particular norm, preferable in terms of their values, goals, or interests.

A rhetorical fact consists of position and justification. Justification - a set of boxes, formulations of thoughts, through which the rhetorician seeks to make the situation acceptable to the audience. In terms of pattern and content, the rhetorical fact includes three components: scheme, top, reduction.

A schema is the logical form of a given particular fact. The construction of the document must comply with the rules of logic. This outline will show that we did an excellent job at the core of the text. The readers will conclude that you can think difficult and critically, moreover, conveying the correct position through simple facts.

Main Types of Arguments

Argumentation is a full or partial justification of the acceptability or inadmissibility of the position. Depending on the task - what we justify and how completely, the following argumentation styles can be distinguished:

  • full justification of the acceptability of the position - proof;
  • a full explanation of its inadmissibility - refutation;
  • a partial account of the acceptability of the fact - confirmation;
  • a partial reason for its ineligibility is criticism.

Theoretical argumentation is based on reasoning without direct reference to experience. It is built using deduction - deduction of logically necessary consequences from previously adopted provisions. The empirical fact is based on factual judgment based on experience.

How to Format an Argumentative Essay

There are several requirements for the design of a writing essay:

  1. The subject of the article is writing without using quotes. They are relevant only if the topic is the quoted quotation or the work. The relevant argumentative essay topic should be not only attractive but also understandable for society.
  2. If you use an epigraph at the beginning of your work, write it on the right side of the sheet, without resorting to quotation marks.
  3. Divide the text into items. It is challenging to read reliable text that not divide into parts. It will be much easier to express your thoughts, passing from one to another.
  4. If you use dates in your text, format them digitally: Arabic characters for the number and year, Roman for the century. Other numbers provide in the form of a copy.
  5. Watch your handwriting. The text must be clear and legible. Don't provide the teacher with unnecessary trouble.

Tips for Good Argumentative Essay

You can and even probably need to use reference books and read already writing essays to write your well. You can't find outstanding works just like that. If you still read an article that fits your topic and wants to rewrite it under the guise of your work, it will give a bad result. After all, before you, many people could do the same thing as you, then the texts will be the same.

Behind the impulses of creativity, one must not forget what they want from you. The essential thing is to reveal the topic. It is sometimes helpful to formulate your paper's subject for yourself as a question to which you will answer.

The composition must start from the end. Then you will indicate what you should end up with your reasoning, and having written the central part; you can write the introductory part so that what state does not differ from what you wrote as a result. What is the example of essay you are looking for?

Please stick to the composition that we described, only under such conditions can you create the text of your dreams. Use as many creative ideas as possible to make the document academically compliant with the rules and enjoyable.

Originally published Jan 13, 2021

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