Ecological movements constitute a complex combination of dispersed tendencies, which bring together a vast variety of philosophical views and political ideas. The information about their geographical distribution, forms of active expression and their proposals could easily make up several thousand of essays for someone's Journalism homework help. Obviously, the activity of such movements and organizations is strongly shaped by scientific progress and government policies; nonetheless, it is possible to distinguish three main branches, namely:
- - environment-friendly organizations, which vote for conservative decisions. The adherents of this movement emphasize the significance of biosphere preservation and intensive environmental protection. This view cries out, that humankind should induce only highly-controllable changes of environment bypassing severe perturbations. Well, environmental science papers foresee the creation of mildly-invasive tools that can prevent some violent environmental impacts as well as provide us with low-pollution technological decisions. Hence, the leading goal of environment-friendly organizations is sustainable and circumspect development.
- - mild approaches are aimed at the model of harmonious eco-development. The supporters insist on gradual development whereas natural and environmental resources are to be replenished with the use of soft technologies and proactive measures such as reasonable consumption and recycling. The production of all harmful and hazardous manufacturers should cease its existence, the squandering must be abolished as well as the employment of disposable and single-use products. This approach calls for balanced coexistence with our biosphere, which can be reached via ecologically acceptable decisions.
- - The most radical branch argue for drastic refusal of development. The adherents of this branch believe that only relatively small societies of people and a course on total decentralization can bring the civilization to harmonious coexistence with the environment. They reject individualism and all the artificial needs trying to proclaim the salubrious essence of collectivity and of living in accordance to the patterns of ecosystems. These rather radical approaches have experienced a strong rise in last decades. The approaches comprise a diversity of views from the utmost eco-centrism to calls for a primitive and non-technological living. There also happen believers, who insist that our planet is a biological superorganism (the belief, which is commonly known as the "Gaia" theory); this theory slightly differs from all that one can meet in handbooks and should not be used for a biology lab report format - at least, not until ignorance turns out to be the only option left.