Keywords: feminist books yellow wallpaper
One of the major goals of feminist literature is to know what kind of tone women have or do not have in a world, dominated by men. Women are seen as not as important as men in humanity, and language is one of the tools used to stress men's ability over women. Usually the world in literature is represented from a male viewpoint, yet feminine writers have continued to write. In Charlotte Perkins Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper the author uses slight symbolism to share the audience how the key character is really feeling as the literal text moves either speak like men or not discuss at all. Despite having these targets, men have different encounters than women and women had a need to discover a way to express them, by finding their own style which includes specific topics, like mental health issues, and women focus on self manifestation. Mental health issues and disease are common themes in North American feminist writing (Feminist Criticism, 173). This piece was written during what Showalter refers to as the Feminist phase, which was between 1880-1920 when omen protested against society's criteria and ideals. (Feminist Criticism and Jane Eyre, 462)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman was among the many women who used mental health problems as a style in her writing, as well as suffering from it in real life. As the storyplot unfolds, the people oppression from men and producing mental illness takes shape. At the beginning, the author quickly helps it be obvious who is prominent in her marriage, stating "John and myself" while writing in her personal diary. Even in her private thoughts she feels respectful to the men in her life. As quickly as she allows the reader know the way her relationship is set up, it becomes evident that she has a very lively imagination. She describes the house as "a haunted house", which also is a foreshadowing to the conclusion of the story. Her resentment towards John is shown in small ways and it is hard to detect, "John laughs at me, of course". She can be used to John considering her ideas are a tale. Throughout the beginning of the tale we learn about John's personality characteristics, a functional forceful physician. In talking about John and emphasizing how different both are, she implies that she is the contrary of his characteristics. Where he is practical, she actually is a dreamer. The juxtaposition of John and the narrator reflects the widespread juxtaposition of women and men.
The dominance of men is undeniable, "He will not imagine I'm sick". The narrator has lost control to decide if she's unwell or not, one of the most basic things a person can determine. Her brother is another male shape who makes decisions on her behalf. Although she disagrees, it isn't something that she is vocal about. While talking about herself, John and her brother the narrator does not use a whole lot of symbolism. However with the sentence "THEREFORE I will let it alone and discuss the house", the symbolism begins. Because she cannot argue in the realm of men, she selects a different shop for her emotions in issues adjoining the house. She describes the house and its surroundings as beautiful, she then says "There were greenhouses too, however they are all damaged now". It's quite common knowledge that greenhouses are areas of new lease of life and growth, the fact that they are broken symbolizing the finish of growing new lease of life. The narrator was pregnant, and the thought of a damaged greenhouse could symbolize depression associated with the pregnancy and not getting the baby growing inside her any longer.
The narrators creativity is something that John desires her to regulate and change, his frequent disapproval of her true personality is unavoidable. She will not disagree with John actively or within an upfront manner, even within the written text. The properties features, especially the wallpaper, is seen as symbolic for the narrator's matrimony and general feelings. John chooses for each of them to reside in the upstairs nursery, while the narrator preferred the prettier downstairs. "I can't stand our room one bit". The narrators distaste for the nursery may possibly also symbolize the actual fact that she did not want a child in the first place, which is also evident in the fact that she will not refer to the infant by name or show any prefer to connect to it. Their room and shared space could be interpreted to signify their matrimony, where it appears that she spends lots of time alone. Even when attempting to illustrate John in an optimistic adoring way such as, "He is so careful and caring, and hardly lets me stir without special direction" the narrator handles to imply that this is irritating and stifling. This is not genuine pleasure in this attention. She actually is not openly rebellious, yet her emotions of unhappiness towards male dominance cause her to feel "ungrateful" because she is alert to the role women are likely to happily play.
She feels captured, her unwanted nursery room is unappealing and "the glass windows are barred". This was once a precaution for children inhabiting the nursery, however now makes a cage like environment for the narrator and serves as a regular reminder of children. It also is a blatant mark of the fact that the narrator is caged within a life she's no control over. Her hatred of car tire room is intensified by her disgust with the wallpaper. She identifies it as "committing every visual sin". At first glance, the wallpaper may be seen as insignificant. But after closer inspection it can be naturally interpreted as symbolic for her matrimony. She message or calls the wall paper "dull but irritating", John is either leaving her which is boring or attempting to regulate her life which is irritating. The narrator spends a many amount of time studying the wall structure paper, "I start, we'll say at the bottom, down in the area over there where it has not been handled, and I determine for the thousandth time that I'll follow that pointless routine to some type of conclusion". This passage despite how frustrated she actually is, she regularly complains of feeling a lack of strength. She actually is struggling to truly change her situation and feels defeated by this.
John makes assumptions and assertions such as "You know the place is doing you good", as the narrator is slowly but surely slipping into madness. It shows his ignorance towards his wife's situation, and men's general ignorance of the well-being of women. Also it makes it obvious that one person shouldn't be making decisions for someone else, which was a significant cause of unhappiness for ladies when men were accepted by modern culture as the dominant gender. The narrator seems separated from her man, there's a disconnected viewed by their lack of ability to connect, his insufficient awareness of their needs and their matrimony as a whole.
The proven fact that the narrator has been put in this room, symbolically her relationship, angers her and she makes this known "I would not be as ridiculous concerning make him uneasy simply for a whim". He makes her stay upstairs because that is his inclination, when he's often away. The narrator represents the wallpaper and her thoughts towards it by saying, " I get positively angry with the impertinence than it and everlastingness". Her matrimony is something she cannot avoid from, and she has no choice in the matter. The word choices made in this area of the story intensify the feeling of unhappiness, words such as "inharmonious" and phrases like "ravages the children have made here they must have had determination as well as hatred" express a negative image.
Yet up to you have the narrator fights against the oppression of men there are moments within the written text where she doesn't do a very good job of earning her circumstance. "And dear John compiled me up in his biceps and triceps, and just carried me upstairs and laid me on the foundation, and sat by me and read if you ask me till it exhausted my mind" At times such as this she enforces the theory that she is a child and needs to be babied. If this is actually the way she behaves than it is not a wonder that he treats her the way he does. As much as the oppression is established by men it is accepted and sometimes encouraged by women.
Her tears and weakness are leading towards a mental break down. She starts to visit a female in the routine, "stooping down and creeping about". If her relationship is the wallpaper, than the girl behind it could be seen as the narrator's subconscious. Her growing unhappiness makes the girl increasingly more noticeable. She lacks purpose, as she actually is not allowed to create, and this triggers her over energetic imagination to activate. Her woman behind the style seems as she does, "the faint amount behind seemed to shake the style, just as if she wanted to get out". The narrator really wants to shake off her matrimony as the woman tries to tremble the pattern. The use of the word structure is no mishap either, as these kind of relationships will be the typical pattern accompanied by world at his time. As time progresses the narrator sinks deeper into her obsession with the woman in the wallpaper, perhaps her only means of escape from a predicament she cannot change.
Finally the narrator gives way to madness, ripping at the wallpaper and creeping around the room causing her hubby to faint. She hasn't were able to get away the confines of her marriage, yet she is wanting to free the woman from behind the structure of the wallpaper. Her obsession with the wall structure paper is straight correlated to her desire to have control within her life and romantic relationships, she can assert her dominance on the wall newspaper yet she actually is not capable of changing her romance.