Posted at 10.11.2018
Sacrifice is a powerful theme that pervades these two takes on, and expresses itself through its individuals as well as its plot. However, the manner in which it is portrayed to the reader varies between these two has. While sacrifice was depicted as coupled with surrender inside a Doll's House, in Antigone, it came up merged with insurgence. There is certainly sacrifice of love, hate, and morals and ultimately, sacrifice of self applied. Not only was this built-into its protagonists' lives, but it also came from its supporting character types as well. In this article, I aim to explore the several ways that Sophocles and Ibsen designed the theme of 'Sacrifice' in their respective works.
In A Doll's House, the sacrificial role of women was expressed exhaustively by Ibsen. The portrayal of women, beyond financial and social borders, sacrificing their love, children, morals and dignity details a nerve among its visitors. The picture where women were constantly quitting what were important to them just so they could please those around them was so universal and relatable to in this common novel.
In A Doll's House, Nora, while she was of a much better social school and position than Mrs. Linde or her maid, was no different from them when it came to giving up those important to her. She renounced her own dad when he was in his death foundation just so she could save her hubby and Mrs. Linde chose to quit her real love, Krogstad, when she was obliged to save lots of her family from poverty. Even the maid in their home needed to forgo mentioning her own children just so she could bring up somebody else's and earn the amount of money to aid hers. This shows unconditional sacrifice for someone else.
In Antigone, the problem is not a different. Antigone sacrifices her love, Haemon, so she can combat for justice. Although she prioritizes justice over Haemon, she still makes a major sacrifice in her life to go through with her struggle. Alternatively, at the very end of the play, Eurydice kills herself for she cannot continue living without her kid. This shows that she was happy to do anything for someone she treasured, including getting rid of herself.
While the women in both has portray unconditional sacrifice to the people in close proximity to and dear to them, the men completely symbolize the contrary. Torvald, Nora's oppressive and condescending husband makes it clear that he would give up not his integrity. His position and prestige matter a lot to him that he's willing to go to any lengths showing off his house as perfect and perfect to the world, including forcing Nora to remain at home even though he renounces her. He prioritizes his reputation over his own wife and expresses "no man would sacrifice his honor for the one he enjoys. "
This situation is recreated in Antigone when Creon is contemplating his reaction to finding his own niece, Antigone, doing the one thing he forbids, burying Polynices. He's willing to save his niece from the cruel fate that was promised to anyone who disobeyed his rules, but he is struggling to let her go free in front of the public sight. He too, like Helmer, prioritizes his repute over his own niece and phrases her to expire. He refuses to bend his laws to save lots of his own kith and kin at worries of losing his name.
Another form of sacrifice is the sacrifice of ego and recognition. Nora functions this form of sacrifice throughout the storyplot until up to the end. All her value and abilities are suppressed by Torvald and she bears his condescending, and patronizing attitude with humility and meekness. She belittles herself and resigns to accept her place as inferior to Torvald. Ibsen's usage of metaphors and imageries of birds which symbolize the weak, feeble and susceptible, represent Nora's position in her family. She actually is powerless and vunerable to her husband's every whim. Nora hides the fact that she acquired single-handedly preserved her husband's life as she was hesitant to tell him that he owed a woman his life. She actually is pleased with her achievements, but she is pressured to keep it a secret, thus sacrificing recognition. Just as before, she was protecting Torvald's ego by reducing hers. She consistently enhances her husband's delight by saying things like "All you do is quite right, Torvald" while welcoming him to "criticize [her] and appropriate [her]".
Then there may be sacrifice of love. Mrs. Linde chooses to leave her one true love, Krogstad when she was obliged to save lots of her family by marrying another, richer, man. While she never stops loving Krogstad, she actually is bound by her responsibilities as a daughter. While Nora does the contrary, they are both similar in the actual fact that they give up someone near the nice of another plus they experienced to make challenging choices.
In Antigone, Antigone sacrifices her love, Haemon, so she can protect him. Although she still loves him, she chooses to damage him in order to safeguard him from the consequences of her activities. This action of selflessness was commendable and just like Nora and Mrs. Linde, it was for someone she enjoyed.
Another form of sacrifice that is most stunning and poignant is the works is the sacrifice of one's happiness. Nora will outrageous, sometimes absurd, things just to make her husband happy at the expense of her own. She indulges Torvald's trend and dances the tarantella just so she could play up to Torvald's wishes. She hides her stealthy eating of the macaroons and knitting so she could "have everything equally as Torvald desires it". She also goes without buying a Christmas present for herself so she can save it repay the money she borrowed for Torvald. Nora hardly seems to listen to her center or her head and blindly practices what she understands would make Torvald happy. Usually, Torvald's contentment "comes out of [her] own necessaries of life". Regretfully, Torvald never seems to notice "it was often very hard on [her]"
In Antigone, Creon frequently tries to convince Antigone so it was not worth sacrificing herself for her brother. However, Antigone refuses declaring "I want everything of life, I really do; and I want it total, complete; normally I reject it! I will not be moderate. If not, I wish to pass away!" When Creon proceeds to share with Antigone that she cannot manage to be so challenging and she got to simply accept life with all its complexities, Antigone explodes furiously. She promises that contentment was little or nothing if she got to pay her perfect ideals and she makes a decision that she would have "all or nothing". Thus she sacrifices the pleasure she could have had by choosing to disregard Creon's words. She wishes to are in a surreal utopia or expire. This inability to adapt and deal with life's tirades eventually brings about her demise.
Lastly, the ultimate function of sacrifice is when Nora does indeed is when she chooses to leave her children in the long run when she opts to leave her "doll's" house and go start to see the world. She naturally is in love with them deeply, as seen in Act One by the way she interacts with them. But she is convinced that she makes a worse and a "corruptive" parent than her maid and her partner and she makes the heart-wrenching decision to leave her children. This matter and love she's for her children makes her want to give them the best she can and she will that by leaving them.
Finally, in Antigone, Antigone functions the ultimate sacrifice, the sacrifice of herself. She hangs herself before she could be killed by Creon's guards and by doing that, she requires the previous stand before Creon. Thus, Antigone levels her last act of revolt for Creon's laws and regulations and decrees. What Antigone does is reflective of many societies where a lot of women take such allergy and impetuous actions to show their mutiny. Although it was a self-less function of sacrifice and then for the betterment of her contemporary society, it was also reckless and detrimental. Haemon, too, sacrifices himself, but his was for love while Antigones' was for justice.
In final result, while contexts, settings, time frame and environment varies between your two takes on, the theme of sacrifice unites them beyond interpersonal and cultural barriers. The function of giving up something or someone was connected them both. However, certain disparity occurs when the amount of sacrifice is delved into. The Greek period, the era where Antigone was occur, showcases a period of extremes where efficiency and electric power were the baseline to the lives of the folks, thus sacrifice of one's personal for a petty reason had not been an awful, horrendous concern as it would have been around in the newer times. While a Norwegian play set in the 'modern realistic' times (A Doll's House) caused slightly more suitable sacrifices including the sacrifice women make, it also results in issues of extreme societal restrictions and excessive goals of certain action from the person and woman of family members. Today, in the present day realist perspective, those requirements would be far more uncommon and abnormal.