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The Souls Of Black Folk English Literature Essay

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was created on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington Massachusetts, to Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt. His father deserted him and his mother when he was 2 yrs old and grew up solely by his mother. He was created into a racially mixed town and his family was apart of the free black population which could own land. So he was never fully subjected to what live was like growing up with the Jim Crow Laws and being separated. Then attends Great Barrington SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL and help his mom works as a correspondent for NY Age, the New York Globe, and the Springfield Republican. He graduated top of his class and wins a scholarship to a predominately black university called Fisk University. Next he gets a summer job teaching in school districts of Rural Tennessee which exposes him to the reality of the Jim Crow Laws and it sparks his desire for civil rights. He graduates and studies African-American History at Harvard University. This is when he commences to look back at years right after the Civil War ends and the way the Freedmen's Bureau's role in reconstruction. And he talks about the role of Famous BLACK men like Booker T. Washington and exactly how there beliefs will vary than his own. EACH ONE OF THESE events in his life are the key events that influenced/ compelled him to write the novel.

After the novel was published it had a powerful impact on DARK-COLORED intellectual life because people started to think about having an instantaneous end to segregation and being fully add up to whites. Even after his death in August 27, 1963 his way of thinking influenced many civil rights activists like Martin Luther King Jr. to really have the same thought process and fulfill his dream of African Americans having equal rights.

Source cited for THE WRITER and His Times: My book and Wikipedia ONLY!

Unknown, Author. "W. E. B. DU Bois. " Wikipedia. com. 12 January 2008. 6 April 2010 http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/W. _E. _B. _Du_Bois>.

Form, Structure, and Plot:


The Souls of Black Folk, By W. E. B Du Bois is a assortment of thirteen different essays and one short story written by Du Bois between 1897 and 1903. Du Bois put the several essays into certain sections. Chapter 1-3 are essays dealing with historical background about, "what emancipation [after the civil war] meant to them and what was its aftermath" (pg. 3). He also talks about the "slow rise of personal leadership and, and criticized candidly the first choice who bears the chief burden of his race today [Booker T. Washington]" (pg. 3). Then chapter 4-9 talks about the social areas of American society at the time. I realized this because Du Bois said that in these chapters, "I have sketched in swift outline both worlds within and without the veil, and thus have come to central problem of training men for life" (pg. 3). Finally in chapter 10-14 Dubois focuses about how racial prejudice impacts African Americans by saying that "in these chapters I've studied the struggles of the massed an incredible number of the black peasantry and in another have sought to explain today's relations of the sons and of master and man" (pg. 3).


In the Souls of Black Folk, By W. E. B Du Bois his structure is very simple every essay is a chapter and they start of the same way. Before every chapter begins he put a song or poem, which helps present a mood and provides a preview about what the essay/chapter going to be about. You then own an introduction paragraph that tells us what it is about and provides the reader historical background and starts out with a question. Next you have your body paragraphs where online backup his introduction and lastly a conclusion that always has blast of consciousness since it has own little thought/ story that concludes the essay.


Throughout the fourteen chapters there are different essays each containing different stories and plots that conclude Du Bois' own thoughts. Nonetheless it is all devoted to a central plot/ideal of trying to show how African Americans lived and the racial struggles that they had to go through in the 20th century.

Point of View:

Since the book is a assortment of his essays and has three sections to it, the idea of view appears to change with the sections. His point of view dates back and fourth between third person and 1st person. In chapter 1-3 he basically provides reader a brief history lessiion because he talks about life before and following the Civil War, the Freedmans Bureau's role in reconstruction and Booker T. Washington's theories in regards to how African Americans should get their rights. As a result of this history lesson style he writes in a restricted 3rd person omniscient. That is clear because of the fact that he will not say I or we, but tells the story without adding how the people felt, but that they seemed. It's more of an observance, but in the conclusions he talks in 1st person to inform his feelings and or tells a tale about his life to back up his findings. An example of third person omniscient is on page 36 when he says, "So Mr. Washington's cult has gained inquisition followers, his work was wonderfully proposed, his friends are legion, and his enemies are confounded. "

While in chapters 4-9 and 10-14 it creates a shift in voice because he begins to inform his stories about how African Americans live and their social life with his own experiences. A case in point is when he is talking about Alexander Crummell he says, "The more I met Alexander Crummell, the more I felt how much that world was loosing which knew so little of himI wondered where he is to-day?" on page 161. His point of view moves from 1st person to third person to be able to provide the reader a complete perspective of what is was prefer to be an BLACK in the 20th century.

If written in another individuals perspective (such as a white persons), they might probably try to show that black are problem to society plus they contribute nothing to the better meant of society so in retrospect they shouldn't be given civil rights.


Character Overview:

The book is discussed W. E. B Du Bois' encounters and because the characters are actually real people it makes them believable. A few of the main characters include W. E. B Du Bois (Protagonist), Alexander Crummell (Protagonist), Booker T. Washington (Antagonist), and John Jones (Protagonist). The primary characters tend to be static, flat, and simple only because they're only shown in one brief time period and it generally does not allow the reader to see them evolve or how they truly became successful. Their role in the book is to help show how African Americans can achieve success even in tough times through the 20th century. As the minor characters including the slaves, their masters, and Louise one of is own students are examples people who face different situations with the "color line/the Veil. "

In depth Characters:

Booker T. Washington: He was a famous, smart, intellectual, well come up with DARK-COLORED scientist roughly in his 30's or 40's at that time where the novel was written. Due to his success he was a very influential to the DARK-COLORED society at the time. In the novel he could be looked at the antagonist in the storyplot because he believes that African America's at that time should wait and improve themselves while society got used to the colors. This made it hard for Du Bois to obtain additional visitors to follow his theory that contains acting immediately to end segregation and also to be fully equal in every aspect with regards to the white people. W. E. B. Du Bois write, "Mr. Washington hasn't always been of the broad character. Inside the South especially has he previously to walk warily to all the harsh judgments" (pg. 37). This quote implies that although Du Bois will not like Washington he still recognizes the fact that he experienced different trials and tribulations in his life to get to the place he was at now.

John Jones: He is a young African American activist between your ages lately 20's and early 30's. He was a charismatic, adventurous, intelligent African American. They were all characteristics that Du Bois admired and which is why he could certainly be a protagonist in the novel. Also he is considered the protagonist because he helps created an increased level education school for African Americans. He overcame the challenges of Judge Henderson seeking to close the institution therefore he eventually ends up symbolizing the importance of educating black students in the 20th century. Du Bois write, "It appeared to us that the very first time life ever struck Jones as a really serious thing was when the Dean told him he must leave schoolThus he grew in body and soul" (pg. 165-167). This quote demonstrates he was a trouble maker in his past but was able to realize the importance of education and change for the better.


The setting because of this book takes place in southern states like Tennessee and Georgia during the 20th century (roughly 1870-1903) after the American Civil War. Du Bois describes the environment/atmosphere in the South with words and phrases such as, "dull, " "bitterness, " "sweat in to the soil" and "haunted by the ghost. " (pg. 58-59). The setting he describes shows the south as a location that was in turmoil and one in dire need of reconstruction. But reconstruction in the end had its benefits for most other ethnic groups, but discriminated against African Americans in regards to education. That is important to the story because it shows how much harder it was for African Americans to get their rights, driving a straight bigger wedge between black and whites.

It is also quite crucial that the storyplot took place in the South rather than somewhere else, because Du Bois was trying to show the reader the real lives of black folk and exactly how they needed their civil rights in the South then and there, because these were not granted the simplest needs like education. While, in other place like in the North and the West their economy had not been solely based on slavery, which meant that these were not in dire need of African Americans and gave more acceptance towards them which makes it an un-ideal setting for Du Bois' novcel. This also show why it was essential that the storyline takes place in the south because it ultimately would not have the ability to be as convincing/realistic anywhere else.


In his novel, W. E. B Du Boise, uses formal diction throughout his essays. A good example of his formal diction in the book is when he says, "The annals of American Negro is the annals of this strife, -this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self" (pg. 9). This quote shows formal diction since it does not have any slang and uses elevated words like "strife" and "self-conscious. " Through the use of no slang and those to words, the formal diction in the novel shows that he is well educated. In addition, it demonstrates he was financially well off, because while the others around him were not because they cannot afford and education. The uses of formal diction helps convey the minor theme in the story about how important having an education is, since it causes one being able to convey there thought is a well manner.

Du Bois' dialogue in the story is mainly formal and his character does not talk in quotations all the. But he does use more dialogue for his other subjects/characters in the storyplot in order to show the reader how African Americans connect to the other person in the 20th century. For instance on pg. 174 John Jones is talking to one of his students and says cheerfully "Now Mandy, that's better; nevertheless, you must not chop your word up so: 'If -the-man-goes. ' Why, your little brother even wouldn't tell a tale that way, now would he?" "Naw, suh, he can't talk. " She said. It shows African Americans are gentler toward each other. It also shows how they do not use formal diction when speaking with each other, but rather informal diction because they are more comfortable with one another.

Du Bois also uses dialogue to show how white people in the 20th century used cruel vulgar diction in order to demean African Americans. An example is on pg. 173 when the judge talks about John Jones saying, "Oh nothing in paticulah, -just his almighty air and uppish ways. B'lieve I did heah somethin' about his givin' talks on the French Revolution, equality, and so on. He's what I call an unhealthy Nigger. "

Diction in Passages:

"Atalanta is not the first or the last maiden whom greed of gold has led to defile the temple of Love; and not maids alone, but men in the race of life, sink from the high and generous ideals of youth to the gambler's code of the Bourse; and in every our Nation's striving is not the Gospel of Work befouled by the Gospel of Pay? So common is this that one-half think it normal; so unquestioned, that we almost fear to question if the finish of racing is not gold, if the purpose of man is not rightly to be rich. In case this is actually the fault of America, how dire a danger lies before a new land and a new city, lest Atlanta, stooping for mere gold, shall find that gold accursed!" (pg. 59-60)

Explanation: On this passage from the Souls of Black Folk, by W. E. B Du Bois uses positive words like "gold, " "Gospel, " "Love" and "rich, " to help depict an image of Atlanta Georgia. Unfortunately the positive words are overshadowed by the negative word like "sink, " "gambler, " "stooping, " "dire, " "fear, " and "danger. " The negative words are being used in order showing the readers that lots of get sucked into Atlanta's appeal by becoming centered around materialistic needs that are meet insurance firms a lot of money. So Du Bois wants to break this vicious cycle because many have stopped from finding comfort in religion and found comfort in materialistic items. This quote also displays Du Bois' typical style of fomal diction because he uses no slang when explaining the city.

"Yet, being truly a problem is a strange experience, -peculiar even for one who has never been anything else, save perhaps in babyhood and in Europe. It is in the early days of rollicking boyhood that the revelation first bursts after one, all in a day, as it were. I recall well when the shadow swept across me. I got just a little thing, away up in the hills of New England, where in fact the dark housatonic winds between Hoosac and Taghkanic to the ocean. In the wee wooden schoolhouse, something put it into the boys' and girls' heads to buy beautiful visiting-cards-ten cents a package-and exchange. The exchange was merry, till one girl, a tall newcomer, refused my card, -refused it peremptorily, with a glance. Then it dawned after me with a certain suddenness that I was different from others; or like, mayhap, in heart and life and longing, but shut out from other world with a vast veil. " (pg. 8)

Explanation: With this passage he uses the same technique when working with diction as passage 1. He uses positive diction like "merry, " But through context clues the reader realizes that those happy words are once again overshadowed with negative words like "Problem, " "strange, " "refused, " "different, " "shut out" and "veil. " Unlike the first passage where diction was showing the setting/characterization of one place in this passage, Du Bois, uses diction showing how he felt when he realized that he's in fact African American and was at the time prohibited from fulfilling things due to "veil. " This is also important since it is a essential part of the theme to the story. In addition this quote shows his use of fomal diction because he uses no slang and enhanced vocabulary like, "peremptorily" and "peculiar. "


In the Novel, The Souls of Black Folk, the syntax Du Bois uses generally has one formal pattern, which include long and complex sentences. The reader can come to the conclusion because they are usually extended with words like "but, " and "and. " But, are also lengthened with dashes, semicolons, and commas. He extends his sentences to the utmost in order to finish his thought fully. Also the reader can tell he is using complex sentences because he starts with a number of independent clauses in addition to his main clause. In the long run he uses complex sentences in order to state how he feels in the very beginning of the sentence or describe the event and then to see what happened. This finally helps maintain a frequent flow/rhythm for the reader by making it easier for them to understand the novel. And yes it reveals

Other than long and complex sentences his syntax is simple but he does utilizes rhetorical questions to be able to see the reader what question or questions will be answered in the essay. In addition he uses them at the end of the essay showing that we now have still unanswered questions that he previously while exploring this issue. Also he uses often a switch between passive and active voice. Which he uses to tell apart between his experiences/him doing something and his observance of others. This use of syntax reveals to the reader that he is an educated BLACK because of the fact that they can have complex thought patterns and put those complex though patterns into his novel.

Syntax Paragraph:

"Atalanta is not the first or the last maiden whom greed of gold has resulted in defile the temple of Love; and not maids alone, but men in the race of life, sink from the high and generous ideals of youth to the gambler's code of the Bourse; and in all our Nation's striving is not the Gospel of Work befouled by the Gospel of Pay? So common is this that one-half think it normal; so unquestioned, that people almost fear to question if the finish of racing is not gold, if the purpose of man is not rightly to be rich. If this is actually the fault of America, how dire a danger lies before a fresh land and a fresh city, lest Atlanta, stooping for mere gold, shall realize that gold accursed!" (pg. 59-60)


This passage is a prime exemplory case of the common syntax Du Bois mostly uses because he uses using long and complex sentences, the passive voice, and a rhetorical question. You can tell it is long due to the fact he uses quite a few ands, semicolons, and commas in order to develop the look and feel of Atlanta. In addition, it becomes apparent that he uses complex sentences because he uses a number of independent clauses like "Atalanta is not the first or the last maiden whom greed of gold has resulted in defile the temple of Love;" and "rather than maids alone, but men in the race of life, sink from the high and generous ideals of youth to the gambler's code of the Bourse;" But, finishes off with a main clause that sums up what Atlanta has made Americans now by saying "and in every our Nation's striving is not the Gospel of Work befouled by the Gospel of Pay?" This passage is also and example of Du Bois by using a rhetorical question to be able in order to what question he had and that he will be answering in the question. Finally, he's also uses the passive voice throughout the passage to show that he's talking about the observances of others in Atlanta. It also shows that he has a complex thought pattern because the guy can observe Atlante and use complex sentences to rely what he sees to the reader. Which shows he has an increased level of education under his belt.

Concrete Detail/Imagery:

Touch Example:

"No soft hands but hers much touch those little lambs; no dress or frill must touch them that had not wearied her fingers; no voice but hers could coax him off to Dreamland, and she and he together spoke some soft and unknown tongue and in it held communion. " (Pg. 148-149) This is a good example of touch since it says he touched he soft hands. The sense of touch that Du Bois uses shows the reader the image these two different people were hopelessly in love with one another.

Sight Example:

"Amid the trees in the dim morning twilight he watched their shadows dancing and heard their horses thundering toward him, until finally they came sweeping such as a storm, and he saw in front that haggard white-haired man, whose eyes flashed red with fury. Oh, how he pitied him, -pitied him, -and wondered if he had the coiling twisted rope. Then, as the storm burst round him, he rose slowly to his feet and turned his closed eyes toward the ocean. And the world whistled in his ears. " (pg. 176) Sight shows that he sees horses, eyes flashing with red furry and storm bursting. Du Bois uses sight to show John Jones' a reaction to having heard the song, "The Song of the Bird. " It was an BLACK song about power and enlightenment and after being rejected for new schools it shows that the song lifted his spirits. Ultimately it showed the power that songs had on African Americans, which is why Du Bois uses them initially of each chapter/essay.

Sound Example:

"When spring came, and the birds twitted, and the stream ran proud and full, " (pg. 55). Why is the reader known this is an exemplory case of sound is the fact that he hears the bird twitter. The use of the sound is important in this quote from Du Bois' novel because it demonstrates although all of this bad had happened when spring came change would be happening and Du Bois' hearing the birds twittering was a way to show this.

Smell Example:

"I paused to scent the breeze when i had entered the Valley, it was strong but light. " (pg. 55) The reader can almost smell both the strong (almost meaning bad smell) scent of the flowers, but at the same time a bushel of light (almost meaning nice smell) scent of flowers that overshadowed the bad smell. He uses the sense of smell showing that when he went to travel to the Valley it was refreshing, light and it was his destination to escape from the difficulty in DARK-COLORED lifestyle at that time.



The Souls of Black Folk, by W. E. B Du Bois is not highly symbolic. But, there exists one symbol that seems to be the main element component in all the essays used in his entire novel, which is used to compile the book together; which is the "veil. " The "veil" that Du Bois identifies a number of times in the storyplot is basically the barrier between black people and white people. The veil literally means having the ability to see out but not going through. A good example of him using the veil in the novel is when he says, "The exchange was merry, till one girl, a tall newcomer, refused my card, -refused it peremptorily, with a glance. Then it dawned upon me with a certain suddenness i was not the same as the others; or like, mayhap, in heart and life and longing, but shut out using their company world by way of a vast veil, " (pg. 8). The "veil" is finally used to show that African Americans in the 20th century are in the veil and are limited to success. But those who is able to escape living in the "veil" are lucky. Which is shown when Du Bois says, "Sleep, then, child, -sleep till I sleep and waken to your baby voice and the ceaseless patter of little feet-above the Veil, " after his first child had died. In the end he conveys that African Americans are in the "veil" because they have low self esteem, they want materlialistic like money and items, and because they do not need to get a high level of education.

Another symbol he uses in his story is John Jones who symbolizes perseverance and the challenges/importance of educating African American students following the Civil War. The reader can tell that he's an important symbol in the storyplot because he titles the chapter "of the coming of John. " That is about how exactly he was a rambunctious teen and was kicked out of school and then became seriously interested in school and about teaching. This passage that Du Bois writes is a prime exemplory case of this. "Thus he grew in body and soul, and with him his clothes seemed to grow and arrange themselves; coat sleeves got longer, cuffs appeared, and collars got less soiled. Occasionally his boots shone, and a fresh dignity crept into his walk. And we who saw daily a fresh thoughtfulness growing in his eyes started out to expect something of the plodding boy. Thus he passed out of the preparatory school into college, and we who watched him felt four more many years of change, which almost transformed the tall, grave man who bowed to us commencement morning. He previously left his queer thought-world and come back to a world of motion and of men. He looked now for the very first time sharply about him, and wondered he previously seen so little before. He grew slowly to feel almost for the first time the Veil that lay between him and the white world; he first noticed now the oppression that had not seemed oppression before, variations that erstwhile seemed natural, restraints and slights that in his boyhood days had gone unnoticed or been greeted with a laugh. " (pg. 166)

Figurative Language:

Figurative Language:

In the novel The Souls of Black Folk, W. E. B. Du Bois uses figurative language like personification and similes frequently in his novel in order showing the setting and create vivid images in ones mind about how exactly the 20th century looked and felt. A good example of personification is when he says "Atlanta slept dull and drowsy, " and "the ocean cried to the hills and the hills answered the ocean, " (pg. 58). He uses personification repeatedly in the novel showing a vivid descriptive image in the readers mind that Atlanta is dull morning and that the ocean was rough and restless in the morning as well. He uses figurative language repeatedly to be able to show how the setting is in the novel and supply the setting its personality and give it feeling.

He uses this simile, "till the town rose like a widow and cast away her weeds, and toiled on her behalf daily bread; toiled steadily, toiled cunningly, -perhaps with some bitterness, with a touch, of reclame, -and yet with real earnestness, and real sweat. " (pg. 58). To be able to show the reader that once the afternoon came and the sun had full resin in metropolis of Atlanta it came alive.

Figurative language has a significant role in Du Bois' novel by helping the reader to obtain a vivid understanding of the particular 20th century appears like from the beginning of the novel during the civil war where it was sad and run-down. To happy and vibrant images at the end of the novel where African Americans were on the verge of getting their civil rights and becoming equal to the white people in the 20th century.

This form of figurative language is typical for Du Bois to use in his novel because he uses forma diction (no slang) in describing the setting and also uses complex sentences to provide the reader a full perspective of the setting and what the 20th century looked liked.

Ironic Devices:

This novel written by Du Bois is not centered around ironic devices like many novels today. But there are a few ironic devices/situations that are hidden throughout the novel and emerge through careful consideration.

The beginning of the story has a background history of W. E. B. Du Bois and it says he grew up in a proper off family in an Anglo American neighborhood with lots of property. It also says he visited college and it wasn't until he started teaching school in Tennessee that this became acquainted with how Africans Americans lived. That is ironic because of the fact that his view point for a long time was that these were the same, but he doesn't realize until down the road that he is different and decides to create a book on his observations. Although it is strange that he's writing a novel based on his few experiences, the observations are true.

Another ironic device he uses is Socratic irony which is ignorance to be able to expose weakness in another. He uses it to expose the fatal flaws in Booker T. Washington's theory about getting rid of segregation. An example is when Du Bois bashes Booker T. Washington by saying, "This triple paradox in Mr. Washington's position is the thing of criticism by two classes of colored Americans. One class is spiritually descended from Toussaint the Savior, through Gabriel, Vesey, and Turner, plus they represent the attitude of revolt and revenge; they hate the white south blindly and distrust the white race generally, therefore far as they agree on definite action, feel that the Negro's only hope is based on emigration beyond the borders of america. And yet, by the irony of fate, nothing has more effectually made the program appear hopeless than the recent course of the United States toward weaker and darker peoples in the West Indies, Hawaii, and the Philippines, -for where on the globe may we go and become safe from lying and brute force?" (pg. 42-43). It really is ironic because one would feel that because Booker T. Washington was a scientist and influential in the African American community, that he'd also join and praise him. But instead he uses this quote to breakdown Washington's theory about looking forward to white people to get accustomed to black people. In order that he can build-up his theory on getting emancipation now rather. This shows that he's not jump on the bandwagon and do what everyone else does. Instead has his own view of what's right and wrong.


In this novel written by W. E. B. Du Bois the tone changes throughout the fourteen different essays. The tone changes fascination to anger/serious with the observations of the people that he encounters, but changes to joy when discussing his own experiences. In some essays that talks focus on actual people like Alexander Crummell and John Jones his tone is one of fascination and admiration. For instance when discussing Alexander Crummell he says, "I spoke to him politely, then curiously then eagerly, as I began to feel the fineness of his character, -his calm courtesy, the sweetness of his strength, and his fair blending of hope and truth of life" (pg. 153-154). He uses words like "curiously, " and "fineness, " showing his fascination with him. While when discussing Booker T. Washington, and the slave masters the tone shifts to one that is more angry/serious, because they are considered the villains of the story who make an effort to belittle African Americans or make an effort to stop them from getting emancipated now. On page 41 and 42, there can be an example that expressed his anger when he say that it's not fair that, "Mr. Washington distinctly asks that black people quit, at least for the present, three things, - First political power, second, insistence on civil rights, third, higher education of Negro youthThis triple paradox in Mr. Washington's position is the object of criticism by two classes of colored Americans. " He uses words like "power, " "give up, " and "paradox, " to show his anger and frustration towards Washington. Finally, his tone changes to one that expresses joy/optimism when talking about his own life and methods to escape the veil. An example of a joyful/optimistic tone is when he discusses the death of his first child, "Everything that day and everything that night there sat an awful gladness in my own heart, -blame me not if I start to see the world this darkly through the veil, -and my soul whispers ever to me, saying, "Not dead, but escaped; not bond, but free, " (pg. 151). Du Bois shows his tone by using formal/plan diction and imagery with phrases like "not dead but escaped; not bond but free, " which lays out his feeling of joy plainly to the readers.


The central theme to the novel, The Souls of Black Folk, by W. E. B. Du Bois is that African Americans must break down the colour line now between Black and Whites. African Americans must stop imitating the white society to allow them to be emancipated or they'll be stuck in a segregated America. They'll not get the same opportunities and have no room to rise and become wealthy. A good example of this universal theme is on page 130 when Du Bois says, "The centre of this spiritual turmoil has ever been the an incredible number of black freedmen and their sons, whose destiny is so fatefully bound up with that of the country" (pg. 129). This quote is basically saying that they people not just African Americans are so consumed in trying to maintain other folks in the country that they will not be going forward but rather backwards.

A minor theme is telling the reader the importance of African Americans obtaining a higher level of education. He expresses this by telling the stories (like John Jones') in a lot of his essays. The stories are usually centered about the trials and tribulations of African Americans working hard get an education. He says getting an education is important because no person will be able to remove the "veil, " which education will make one successful.

One motif he uses in the novel is the "Veil. " Which really is a symbol for both central and minor theme of the novel as a result of veil is preventing African Americans from wearing down the colour line and prevents them from perusing a higher level education. Du Bois' intention for using to word the veil in almost all of his essays is to emphasize the obstacle African Americans was required to overcome during the 20th century.

Significance of the Title:

Significance of the title:

The title of W. E. B. Du Bois' novel is "The Souls of Black Folk". This is of the novel is merely how it sounds, he is telling the stories of Black people in the 20th century.

It is important to the novel since it shows that W. E. B. Du Bois is not simply going on the surface of the character in the novels but is digging way deeper into their "souls" in order to tell the truth about how precisely they live and what they accomplished. He does this by answering questions like so how exactly does it feel to be a problem and learning different view points on the situation. He also does this by looking at not only the social aspects of what it means to be BLACK, however the spiritual and religious trail they face as well. I found that there souls were filled with sadness and resentment when it comes to white folks of the 20th century because the belittled them and their capabilities. While at the same time their souls could be full of happiness for their family and when other around them accomplished great things such as Alexander Crummell and John Jones.

It also is important to the storyline because in the beginning of the novel the souls of black folk were crushed and had little hope left in them. But after leaders like Booker T. Washington, Alexander Crummell and John Jones had resin, the African Americans surviving in the 20th century were beginning to have the feeling of hope return and push them to get their civil right once more.

Finally, the title gives the reader an obvious picture of what is going to discuss in the book. Making it easier for reader to comprehend what they essays are centered around. And yes it makes the theme of the essay clearer for the reader to comprehend. Due to the fact that the theme is about African Americans internal (soul) and external (physical) struggles with wearing down the color line and moving from the veil that blocks them from succeeding in life.

Memorable Quotes:

The first memorable quote is "The History of the American Negro is the annals of strife, -longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a much better and truer self. " (pg. 9) This quote is memorable since it tells a story it helps someone to understand why Du Bois is so interested in authoring the souls of Black Folk. It also helps lay down the ground help central theme about working many have been working hard to get passed the color line/ "Veil" to be able to get civil rights and be on the same level as white people in the 20th century.

Second is when he says, "Mr. Washington distinctly asks that black people give up, at least for today's, three things, - First political power, second, insistence on civil rights, third, advanced schooling of Negro youthThis triple paradox in Mr. Washington's position is the thing of criticism by two classes of colored Americans, " (pg. 41-42). This quote shows how people with this much fame had an influence on the African American community but at the same time their ideologies were keeping African Americans from getting their civil rights and ending segregation. Which is why Du Bois said he disagreed with Washington and thought it was time for African Americans to operate for their right then and there.

Finally he says, "All of that day and all that night there sat a horrible gladness in my heart, -blame me not easily start to see the world this darkly through the veil, -and my soul whispers ever if you ask me, saying, "Not dead, but escaped; not bond, but free, " (pg. 151). Although some would be distraught and traumatized at the death with their first child. Du Bois stays positive by claiming that his dead child will have an improved life one without segregation and struggle. It eventually shows how awful the problem in regards to race was for African Americans would rather have their children dead than be considered the "problem" for America.

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