Posted at 10.01.2018
In this first project of Psychological Screening, we are going to assess and critically examine a pop-online non-psychological test ( questionnaire ) which is centering as the title of the test said to Relational Psychology Test however in practice it is a psychodynamic personallity test. Unfortunatelly the Web publishers name and the year of publication is anonymous and can't be found via the web site that the test is stored. The aim of this test is to make individuals to visualyze a picture in their brains and type down the very first thing that comes to their mind. Our task is to judge his/hers ensure that you see if the test is standardize, if it is valid and reliable and to restate the questions and the examination to make the test more reliable and even more valid, which in my case is a qualitative examination. Finally, we will write our critique of the current work of the person who conducted the test and discuss using research proof, if the ideas ( if used ) are accurate or not.
Firstly, we are going to explain just what a projective test is. When we reffere to projective tests we are discussing a kind of personality test where every person is responce for some words or images that he/she recognizes. Those lab tests have their roots in psychoanalytic university of thoughts, which suggests that every person have unconsciously thoughts or urges which can't be told. Moreover, those assessments have as a goal to discover those hidden-unconscious wants that are battling in order to remain hidden from conscious awareness.
Those tests are working with a particular way. Participants aare shown some words ( phrases ) or some images plus they needed to responce with the initial thing that involves their mind. They key to those assessments is in the way that the question or the images are presented to individuals.
According to Freud's and Jung's theories, who first created projectives exams, clearly defined questions should cause answers that comes from conscious brains and that's not the point. To be able to determine the unconscious answers that are hidden, projective exams should provide to the participants questions and images that are not clear.
There are several projectives assessments that are focusing in personality and in uncounscious announcements, so we are going to present some well-known ones which are being used until nowadays. Starting off, Rorscharch Inkblots test, which was the to begin projective test created by Hermann Rorscharch, a Swiss psychiatrist, in 1921. Rorscharch Inkblot test contain ten different credit cards that are shown some inkblots, the participant is shown one credit card at the time and it is asked to describe with the first thing that comes to his/her head what she or he sees. Gestures, tone of voice when the answer is given and everything the reactions must be also noted. Results/rating of the test range depending which rating system the researcher is using. Another projective test is the Thematic Apperception Test ( TAT ) which really is a projective test where the participant is asked to look at some scenes. Then, the individual is asked to create a sotry from those scenes, including what is happening, the emotions of the people and in the long run, how will the storyline ends. Scoring for this test is based to motivations, anxieties and needs, which the members imaging and notify, of main figure and finally how the participant will come out the storyplot.
In realization, projective tests have also talents and weaknessess. Benefits that originates from projective assessments are that therapists have the ability to qualitative learn some informations about the average person and also, another gain is to use projective checks as icebreakers to encourage the given individual to speak to therapists and discuss issues and thoughts. Finally, some weaknesses of projectives checks will be the way that each responce to answers, because they can be heavily affected from the therapists attitude and a primary limitation is the scoring of projective lab tests which is highly subjective, so interpretation of answers can vary from therapist to therapist.
Analysis of test distributed by the website:
This is the questionnaire and the evaluation that we are going to evaluate and critic. According to books review that we made there are a few questions which can be correct and follow up the templates of projective lab tests, but also there are questions that are wrong and need some adjustment in order to be right and make the therapist use them. We are going to make a critical evaluation for all those ten questions and also a critical evaluation about the evaluation that pop-online test offers, but because projective tests lack the validity and stability variables that all the exams have, because projective checks are qualitative ones, we will make the critique predicated on how many other projective tests strategy and assess and try make them more standard.
Starting off with the first question, we see that the concentrate of the question is to the walking in to the woods. Woods basically is imagines by people such as a dark and intimidating place that doesnt want togo exclusively, this is why the question is that who will you be with. The person that accompany you to the woods will be the person that you feel more relax and secure with. This question and research is correct matching to previews questionnaires that has been made. Moving on to another question we discovered that the emphasis is on what pet animal you encounter inside the woods. The animal is translate from therapist like worries of the issues you come across in your day-to-day life. Also the research that the site gives concerning this question is also correct but we observe that the utilization of British is not so good since there is a bad comprehence. On the third question the focus is seen at the connections that the individual has with the animal. The interaction in those tests is the problem sollutions a person within everyday life to be able to package or even avoid a challenge. Site's research is right expect the actual fact that the writer use the term " Seriousness " which does not match the projective assessments template. The forth questions appears to be fine in the beginning of the question and the concentration is on the desire house that every individual imagine and exactly how they describe it. So far as the question is consern the way which is indicated is right but as for the analysis it isn't, because site provides genarally analysis about the goal house but Freud and Jung concentrate more on the way the person indicated his aspire to " enhance ", " size of house " and " doors and windows " that fantasy house has. The evaluation is some what correct which tells that the aspiration house is the desire and the ambition of each people to resovle the problems they have. Moving on to fifth question which is the most problematic one. The fifth question is due to the fence that the home has or hasn't. The question is expressed appropriately and the emphasis is on the fence which is correct according to literature review but if we move on to evaluation we found critical points that are wrong. Site's description/analysis about the fifth question is the fact if the individual answer that there surely is no fence there are open up personalities and if they answer that there surely is a fence then there are shut down personalities. This is actually the critical point, what is an open up and shut personality ? This has never be observed in virtually any projective test so far, open and shut personality has nothing in connection with projective lab tests or even if they have the words that the author use are not correct, also the reason that the writer gives for open up and closed personality and absence in every way that we see them. The 6th question is a far more