Posted at 10.09.2018
Keywords: the picture of dorian gray gothic, gothic literature analysis
The duplicity or sometimes called the Doppelganger is a common theme in gothic fiction works such as "The Picture of Dorian Grey" or "Wuthering Heights". Within the first novel, this theme regards the department of the key individuals into two different bodies, in the last mentioned, the self applied is no longer split into different embodiments, but it could be within the same character getting the same appearance while portraying one self applied or the other.
In other words, Dorian Gray has a certain different body when they screen the other personal, while Cathy and Heathcliff provide an inner other home not an outside one and are completely unacquainted with its existence. While in "The Picture of Dorian Gray", the depiction of self relates to realism and the depiction of other home pertains to gothic representation, in "Wuthering Heights", when discussing Catherine it is the other way around.
"The Picture of Dorian Grey" tells the storyline of a young man who determines to produce a Faustian bargain to be able to gain and maintain eternal beauty. The book can be interpreted as basic gothic horror fiction in which the reader may easily spot the Narcissus misconception and the theme of duplicity which reveals Dorian's two selves: the general public one produced in a realist way and the private one, designed with gothic means.
On the other hand, "Wuthering Levels" is a gothic book where the protagonists are, unlike other books, anti-heroes. The main persona, Heathcliff is a guy whose desire of revenge damages both himself and the other individuals of the novel. He's depicted at first as a caring person however in the end as a violent revengeful man. The feminine protagonist, Catherine Earnshow is a woman who finds herself in turmoil of personal information. Both characters need to produce a division in themselves in order expressing their feelings for each other.
The division in "The Picture of Dorian Gray" is manufactured with the aid of a portrait, an outside body which guests the other do it yourself of the main character, whereas in "Wuthering Heights", there is no need for another body.
Dorian Gray is shown in the first section as "a young man of remarkable personal beauty", unspoiled by sins and inability. The picture as it is offered in the first chapter shows Dorian's first and true image: he is young, good-looking, and innocent, without stain. However, Dorian Grey will not remain this way throughout the book. He will change rather than in a good way. That's where the writer brings to light the duplicity theme.
Similar to Dorian Gray, Heathcliff is depicted in the very beginning of the novel as a positive persona. Although he lacks Dorian's looks, he is a son, and then a man competent to love and present. The audience is guaranteed that Heathcliff does love Catherine and the way in which the author details the brutal treatments Hindley pertains to him can cause the audience pity for Heathcliff.
In the first chapters of the book, before Heathcliff leaves Wuthering Heights, the whole atmosphere is one that abounds with gothic elements. The writer reveals here the first characteristics of Heathcliff, while complete passages describe the manor as a dark, bleak, unfriendly place. The primary persona can be interpreted as of pure gothic engineering. He's a inexplicable man whose past nobody knows, but on the other side, he is offered as romantically involved with Catherine, thus as a positive character.
Exactly like Heathcliff, Dorian from the end of the next chapter is no more Dorian from the beginning. The reader faces in simply a few internet pages Dorian's change. His naivety and his purity go away when he realises the value of his beauty and the actual fact that he will lose it someday. Henry Wotton manipulates his brain and changes him into a person prepared to sell his spirit in order to preserve his beauty. In the moment when he recognizes the portrait, he's as fascinated with himself as Basil is and operates as if this is the first-time when he perceives himself. This passage comes like the moment in time when Narcissus perceives his reflection in this particular for the very first time and brings the idea of self-worship that will finally lead to self-destruction. Infatuated with himself, Dorian becomes a Machiavellian person, wanting to preserve as soon as, no matter the costs.
Dorian manages to lose his innocence but, even though his heart is unceasingly deepening into the negative way of living, he is admired for his beauty and intellect, for his talents. This leads him to plays with people's heads concealing his true shape and making them believe that his appearances are similar to his inner self. This outer self, the main one he displays in front of anyone is altogether opposition to the personal which he prefers to cover.
On the other side Heathcliff will not feel the need to protect his other do it yourself. There's a certain moment in time in the book when Heathcliff changes his frame of mind. Feeling abandoned, Heathcliff seems the desire for revenge which brings up the other self in Heathcliff. He becomes a violent person who seems incapable of good emotions and begins performing such as a demonic identity, destroying everybody's lives. His activities appear to be results of the distortion in his natural personality.
Dorian changes too. Dorian loses his innocence but, despite the fact that his heart and soul is unceasingly deepening into the negative approach to life, he is adored for his beauty and cleverness, for his skills. This leads him to plays with people's thoughts concealing his true condition and making them believe that his appearances act like his inner self applied. This outer self, the one he displays in front of anyone is in total opposition to the inner self applied which he prefers to cover.
In order to construct the other do it yourself, Oscar Wilde refers to gothic imagery. He creates the main element element, the picture and produces its image as the one of different figure of the book. The first gothic aspect of the reserve is the Faustian theme. Dorian unconsciously sells his heart and soul to the devil to be able to acquire eternal junior and beauty. Henry Wotton takes on the part of devil's advocate, devil's agent without even knowing it. He inspires Dorian to help make the fatal wish: the paint should age instead of him. The actual fact that the portrait ages in Dorian's stead cannot be logically discussed, thus it's the supernatural aspect which lead to the introduction of the story. From the beginning presented as a fantastic aspect, the picture represents the embodiment of Dorian's other home. His sins, his flaws and his other mother nature are discovered on the canvas. Knowing that, Dorian wants to safeguard this image, desires to hide it and locks the portrait in the attic in order no-one should start to see the image of his heart and soul. Although he is aware of the actual fact that his heart and soul is dark and stained with sins, he is constantly on the live as before because he feels he can no longer be forgiven and his soul saved.
The occasions when Dorian is possessed by his other self applied, abound with gothic elements. So can be the moments when Heathcliff becomes violent and the writer presents his interior sense of revenge and hatred. In Wilde's novel, the landscape of the murder is shown in a dark atmosphere with the lamp fixture casting shadows on the wall and the blowing wind. Moreover, Dorian eliminates Basil only after he talks about the portrait and appears to be captivated by something covering beneath the canvas. Violence breaks through and he stabs the painter without the sense of remorse. How he decides to make the body disappear is a result of his mad ego that seems to have no feelings and to be totally detached from the realist life. Science is here shown it its negative part. With technology, Dorian finalises the murder, making the data disappear forever.
His other heart and soul has become a destructive and manipulative person. He confides in the publication Henry gives him and needs it for awarded, as a way of living. It really is a poisonous reserve, symbol of his degraded life. Additionally, the gothic atmosphere shows up again when Dorian goes to the opium den which is the reflection of Dorian's state of mind. The den is a place of lost souls where Dorian detects comfort, he "cures his spirit through senses", because he suffers not only physical but also mental.
Catherine, on the other palm does not change in a negative way. She is ashamed of her natural home and decides to make a step further, to change and to embrace another self where she will finally feel uncomfortable. In childhood she is her true personal, without hauling about her future as girl so when a wife. She has internal conflicts which intensify her emotional complexity. She suffers from a self-divided personality, regarding what she truly needs and what she feels she should become as a woman. This is a point where you can speak of her identification, what she dreams, her instinctive impulses and her super-ego, what she believes she should become as a woman, her moral ideas, and the goals of the patriarchal world.
After coming back from Thrushcross Grange she is different because, not only will she act in different ways but she struggle to refrain from her usual behavior. Nelly actually realises what has happened to Cathy and even says that she "adopt(ed) a dual personality without exactly going to deceive anyone". Catherine's dialog with Nelly is the final evidence that she has a divided self. She explains to her that she enjoys Heathcliff, that she is Heathcliff, suggesting that her real home is the one which complements Heathcliff, making her like him, turning them in to the figure of any androgynous. She actually is able to avoid her true personal until Heathcliff's returning. Now she suffers again from an identification crisis. She appears in the mirror and says that the image is not hers, it is actually the representation of the part she was required to play to become a respected female, to squeeze in the foundation of Procrustes the modern culture confirmed her. Once Heathcliff is back, she is not able to stay in this way any more and this destroys her. There is the interpretation which says that Heathcliff, being Catherine's coordinating person, happens to be her doppelganger, her dark disguise, which she wants to hide, the same as Dorian Gray. This is suggested several times when the main characters say that the other is part of these lives, oh themselves I cannot live without my entire life! Cannot live without my heart and soul!"; I am Heathcliff".
The ways in which the protagonists are first of all presented is a romantic one with characters relating to characteristics who rebel contrary to the world they reside in. The gothic atmosphere is intensified by supernatural elements and melodrama. But Bronte created two different places where Catherine leaves, suggesting her split personality. The first one, the Wuthering Heights recognizes with her true self and it is offered gothic constructions like the information of the moors, the manor, the atmosphere, the, wind, the storm or the rainfall. Alternatively, Thrushcross Grange is depicted in a positive manner, in a realist way, with all the current elements of the common life representing Catherine's other home. There is a eye-catching difference between both of these as it is between Catherine's sides.
The realist depictions in "Wuthering Heights" are somehow related to the other area of the novel, you start with the first arena where the audience encounters Young Cathy. Her and Hareton's storyline is depicted in a realistic way, especially as a result of happy stopping.
In the second circumstance, the realism of the novel is depicted from Wilde's representation of the Victorian world. Dorian is in the end, an aristocrat residing in a wealthy world where dines and opera are something common. His first do it yourself, the one everyone knows, the main one Basil has colored at the start of the book is the one moving into this world. He's a rich art work connoisseur; he loves parties and luncheons and attends theatre and opera. The Victorian culture presented in the novel is one where people live from undeserved inheritance and enjoy gossiping and judging the planet around. Dorian lives a key life in a apparently respectable population. While a beautiful forever-young man in his general public life, Dorian is shown as a debauched, violent person.
The atmosphere in the next chapter is completely different from the main one in the previous. The life span at the countryside seems idyllic but Dorian is unpleasant here because he seems he is stalked by Wayne Vane. Wayne' presence is similar to a ghost haunting Dorian throughout the book, being the embodiment of Dorian's conscience. Within the other book, the main figure is not haunted by thoughts or remorse, but by Catherine's ghost who has not find peace. This idea brings another gothic factor to both experiences.
In both books, the theme of the divided personal dominates the complete atmosphere, however in "The Picture of Dorian Grey" is simpler to view. However, the three people that experience this type of mental or physical division are shown as tormented souls, struggling to find their break.