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Ethical Issues In Procedures Management Business Essay

Ethics available sector especially in the businesses management is getting more acceptance. Ethics is concerned about the rules of human action and considers if there is certainly any objective right or incorrect. The study of ethics is divided into certain divisions such as descriptive morality, honest theory, and applied ethics. Running a business, the idea of ethics exists for thousands of years now. The goal of this research is to explore the body of knowledge in relation to ethics in procedures management. Three questions are shown to set guidelines the following: (1) what exactly are ethical issues experienced in procedures management; (2) just how do companies resolve moral issues in their procedures management; and (3) does ethical habit within the operations function need management. Businesses management refers to the procedure of managing, building, improving, and functioning business operations or systems that are focused on producing or delivering goods and services. An assessment of literature about the businesses management and the ethical issues within it is conducted to obtain answers to the study questions that are presented by the end part.

Chapter I

Introduction

Ethics is a term which identifies moral idea that targets the aspects of good life and the difference between better and worse. Ethics can be involved about the rules of human action and considers if there is any objective right or incorrect. Furthermore, ethics is concerned about the foundations of moral key points and how it improved. Vee and Skitmore (2003) outlined three things that contitute ethics the following: (1) ethics identifies something of moral guidelines which provides as a basis for judging activities as right or wrong; (2) ethics refers to the guidelines of do which illustrates a specific accetable band of human activities; and (3) ethics identifies moral ideas of a person. Considering the meaning of ethics, it could be regarded that its main goal is to steer the contemporary society on deciding what is good from bad and what is better from worse which is generally known as normative ethics. This can be done in an over-all way or may dwelling address certain ethical issues only. Another form or ethics is termed as metaethics wherein this is of ethical terms is analyzed to recognize their true interpretation. Simply speaking, the true meaning of discussing something as a moral take action or a right act is examined.

The review of ethics is divided into certain divisions which include descriptive morality, honest theory, and applied ethics. The first section which is referred to as descriptive morality identifies ethics which is situated from the actual principles, customs, beliefs, and procedures of the world. Cultural facts change from certain societal categories to another surrounding the world and these forms as the basis for their works and what they believe that should be right. Second division of ethics is honest theory which identifies the understanding and justification of moral ideas, principles, and theories. Final department is applied ethics which is focused on the moral issues in the world. This report belongs to the applied ethics department since its aim is to acquire an understanding on ethics running a business and the moral issues in functions management and exactly how may these be settled. To do this objective, some basic ideas on ethics shall first be talked about accompanied by its relation to the business world specifically in operations management. Furthermore, a literature review shall be conducted to look at the common ethical issues that occur in procedures management and exactly how these are confronted by the business enterprise sector and other worried societal organizations. This survey is likely to add in your body of knowledge which is concerned about ethics at work with discussions that connect the three mentioned section of ethics. Its relevance shall be observed in a way it examines the moral styles and changes that appear available sector from the original era to the present day period. Research questions that will aid as guides for the newspaper are as follows: (1) what are ethical issues encountered in procedures management; (2) how do companies resolve ethical issues in their operations management; and (3) does indeed ethical patterns within the functions function need management.

Some types of ethical concerns in procedures management decisions include customer safe practices, employee security, materials recyclability, misuse disposal, pollutions, recurring responsibilities, stress in workplace, restrictive company cultures, employment plans, fluctuations in working time, ingestion of energy, energy efficiency, implications of place location, closure, and vertical integration on work, impact of process location on environment, and exploitation of resources. Another section shall present a literature overview of the ethical concern in operations management that actually existed in the business sector and how are they resolved. It shall offer an overview of the moral issues in the real world to offer a better knowledge of the sensation.

Chapter II

Literature Review

Businesses in today's world are faced with the pressure of experiencing to comply with the ethical benchmarks to ensure their extended market penetration without threat of being stripped out of the limelight. Businesses face this challenge through their own commercial social responsibility. In such a review, the books regarding the ethical issues in businesses management is explored. Articles composed by writers who focused on this issue of ethics in procedures management are recognized. Subtopics to be considered are the ethical conditions that exist and struggle the procedures management, the moral leadership associated with an operations manager, their honest decision-making, how the operations managers ethically influence the individuals under them, and how ethics in businesses management can enhance the morale and integrity of a business as a whole. This review is set up to analyze ethics in functions management via a deeper evaluation on the described subtopics and studies are considered in the long run.

Ethical Reasoning

Ethical views change from one society to some other because of the differences in faith. People more often take their religion as the basis for their ethical reasoning since religions present a certain standard for morality. For example, Christians are guided by the Ten Commandments found on the Bible. Other religions are also guided by their own religious catalogs like the Koran and Bhagavad Gita which shows what people ought to do. Models for good or moral acts are also founded in some religions like the Saints or holy people. Despite the fact that the society appear to have grown with the tradition of basing their honest standards with their own religions, philosophers think that ethics can stand alone without spiritual grounds. In beliefs, ethics base its evaluation on what is right or wrong on reasoning and experience alternatively than incorporating spiritual benchmarks and teachings. This reality also articulates that folks who have valid ethical views or honest requirements of living are not only those that belong to any spiritual sector but also those that do not consider to any religion at all. Moreover, the task for spiritual ethics is the idea that something is known as ethical since it is approved by God rendering it arbitrary. Ethics should be impartial and saying that something is right or incorrect shouldn't be based on someone's approval. For this reason, a person should learn to have his own skill of moral reasoning. The goal of philosophical ethics is to deal with honest issues without regarding to any spiritual views.

Ethics is evaluative. Which means that discussing an become either a rightful function or a wrongful work is the same as judging or evaluating it. However, it isn't enough just judge or evaluate something. A common sense should be supported by certain norms or reason. Furthermore, it isn't acceptable to say that a summary is given because the speaker seems because of this. A presenter who evaluates something is likely to clarify deeper why he shipped such finish or attitude. Supplying justifications to certain ethical conclusion is vital to ethics. A person's reasoning may be founded from a preceding experience about the said finish. Reasoning may well not always be logical of aim since everyone can admit that in every decision making done, feelings and emotions always interfere. A person can conclude that say because he could have observed the feelings that are accompanied for the reason that certain situation.

Ethical evaluation has several domains including action, results, character, and purpose. In assessing a certain situation, the actions of either the celebrations engaged constitute either right or wrong deeds. When concluding who of the get-togethers is right, it's important a person know the meaning of the word "right. " Right activities are those that are permissible including those that are obligatory and optional while wrong actions are those that are not permissible. Another site of evaluating an moral situation is the analysis of the results. An action is considered right if the results are positive although it is considered incorrect when the results are otherwise negative. That is analyzed in teteological ethics which is beyond the scope of this report. Another region of ethical analysis is the analysis of identity of the doer of the action. People with bad persona traits usually has negative lifestyle and are likely to act in a way bad for others. Last domains if ethical analysis is the purpose or intention behind an action. These moral evaluation domains shall guide this article in analyzing the reasons behind ethical issues that exist in business.

Ethics in Business

Ethics in business is not really a new trend. Actually, it has already been present for over four thousand years now. Using the changing trends available world, the contemporary society is getting more concerned about the corporate responsibility of businesses. Debates have also been conducted concentrating on the social issue of poverty one of the staff and the corresponding responsibility of the employers about the problem. Even in the early times, issues on ethics running a business can be observed exactly like in the teachings of Aristotle about the unsafe effects of the gaps that exist between the inexpensive usage of goods and the revenue making objective of many merchants. At present, the rise of the concept of corporate communal responsibility among the business enterprise sector constitutes corporate and business initiatives of integrating several moral aspects such as establishment of rules of conduct, environment management system procedures, health and safe practices in the workplace, conformity to financial reporting benchmarks, certifications plans, company partnerships with community groups, and support for projects that are directed for community development.

There are several factors for the demand of the modern culture for business ethics as a corporate responsibility. A few of these include the changing public role of commercial entities, globalization, advancements in technology, and moral expert democratization. In the past, the responsibility or regulating all aspects of public life rests in the hands of the government. However, with the progression of your energy, some responsibilities are being relocated from the federal government to the other sectors of the contemporary society like the individuals, the social groups, and the business enterprise sector. With this craze, corporate entities must build their own self-regulation policies especially that the federal government has recognized the fact that fully managing the business enterprise sector is not always an efficient way of influencing commercial habit. Increased pressure is placed on the business sector about the possible effects of their guidelines on the society.

Globalization is another driving factor for the society's demand of business ethics among the business enterprise sector. Currently, many businesses enter into the international market and corporations tend to invest worldwide since thus giving them more opportunities to develop. However, with the tendency of entering in several foreign market segments, there are intricate facts to consider including ethics. Customs and traditions in international lands differ from each other and some business practices that may be acceptable to 1 nation might not exactly be accepted in the same sense in another. Companies are often likely to adjust with the traditions and values of the foreign land they are trying to permeate. Pressure on company's commercial social responsibility is high since there is still no company and effective guidance regulating the international business tendencies.

Developments in technology seem to be to be always a great source of questions of morality. Technology at the existing time is considered advanced and it provides a way for folks to see things that are usually impossible before. Technological development brings convenience to the contemporary society and plays a part in the establishment of some sort of life that is better than before. Ethics come to picture as the society examines the real results of technology to just how of life. The effect of technology to the planet is complex and the government hasn't enough capacity to take care of the issues accompanying it rendering it necessary for the business enterprise sector to take activities on whatever results their own technology may bring.

In days gone by, moral specialist often rests among a few categories in the contemporary society including the Cathedral, the government, and the theorists. At the moment, the opinions of the mentioned regulators are now viewed as a regular view which can be aligned with the thoughts of a regular entity. The energy and control they once acquired over judging and controlling moral issues has faded and today there is a democratization of moral power. This again places pressure on the business sector to control their honest affairs critically since everyone appear to really have the expert to criticize their business procedures are compliance to ethical standards. Companies are compelled to start their insurance policies to the general public when questioned about their business ethics. Furthermore, with the intrusion of advertising, the businesses tend to be more exposed to consumer making them vunerable to any moral criticism.

The relationship of any business to its stakeholders is the primary concern of business ethics. Stakeholders may include all the entities that have interest over a company or are inspired by the company such as the shareholders, the customers, the employees, suppliers, opponents, the government, while others. Seeking business strategies that will consider the interest of all stakeholders is not a fairly easy task for a company but an important objective of every supervisor and everything the high rank company officers. Like any other company professionals, operations administrator has one of the most crucial duties of controlling decision making functions regarding ethics in operations management.

Ethics in Functions Management

To obtain an improved understanding of businesses management, it is necessary to define what operations signify. Operations refer to the part of business which is accountable for the production of goods and services. Operations management therefore identifies the methodology of managing, creating, improving, and working business functions or systems that are centered on producing or providing goods and services. In other words, operations management will involve the process of converting a set of inputs into outputs (Hassin, 2009). The word operations management originated from the idea of productions management found in days gone by which identifies the process of converting recycleables into done products. However, with the progression of time, the term expanded to production and procedures management to integrate the procedures in the servicing industry until currently, it is now termed as procedures management.

The main aim of the operations management is to ensure that products and services are delivered to customers at best quality but at lowest costs. Some huge organizations have distinct businesses management departments that do operations activities while some companies don't have, but no matter this fact, all organizations have businesses efforts and every organizational member is involved in operations for some reason. A company's procedures management function is going by the procedures manager who has the primary obligation of handling resources involved with operations. A number of the regions of decision making that are contained in the duties of an company's operations management are formulation of businesses strategy, establishing of businesses performance goals, configuring process types, ensuring prompt service, design design, planning long-term capacity, center location, technology to be followed, planning of products and services, building processes, and staff motivation.

Business activities which are considered as functions include manufacturing, resource, carry, and service. Developing activity includes the alteration of recycleables to final products that are eventually sold to customers. Source is another business activity which involves the change of ownership of a certain physical good from the company to the client. That is a regular business activity among the companies in the retail distribution industry. Third business activity described as included in procedures is transfer. This identifies the process of transferring of goods in one place to another. Finally, service is an operations activity which involves changing of the condition of the customers. Businesses of a certain company may not only be limited to only one of the mentioned activities. For instance, an organization which companies a certain product also provides the same to the finish customers. In this company, several functions management activities involved are manufacturing, resource, and carry.

Different organizations owned by different industries adopt procedures strategies that fit their businesses. However, some strategies implemented by different organizations in their businesses strategies have a tendency to be common and similar to each other. Certain requirements for a powerful procedures strategy include appropriateness, comprehensiveness, coherence, consistence, trustworthiness, and ethicality. Appropriateness identifies the alignment of the businesses strategy with the business's competitive strategy. This is especially necessary when operations strategy is produced for the purpose of connecting the business's functions to its goal of creating a competitive edge on the competitors. An businesses strategy is also required to be detailed where all facet of functions is tackled. Procedures management is roofed in a company's intricate procedure for business and obtaining excellent performance rendering it necessary for each and every strategy to offer with every aspect of operations somewhat than limiting tactics on minor functional decisions. Furthermore, it isn't enough that operations strategy be thorough, it must also be coherent. Every factor of the strategy which refers to specific functions function must point to the same direction for the technique to be effective. From period to period, operations strategy may be modified but one important things is noted, it should be constant through time. Reliability is another factor for an effective operations strategy. It is important that every proper goal is realizable to maintain credibility. A tactical objective that your operations management didn't achieve can provide a negative effect on the strategy and the employees may be discouraged to aid it subsequently. Finally, an effective businesses strategy should be ethical. An procedure strategy may have effects after its implementation rendering it essential to be formulated based mostly of ethical specifications.

The role of ethics in procedures management is important especially in world-class procedures and it ought to be considered in corporate responsibility. This case is based on the actual fact that most of the honest issues in businesses result from the operations level. Another reason for need for ethics is the moral consequences that happen from the strategy of some companies to acquire cost edge by outsourcing. Ethics in operations management can be involved on the way how earnings is obtained alternatively than on the number of profit which is considered enough. The tension is between gains and the obligations of the company.

Steenkamp (2010) detailed businesses management as a management function which gets least attention and understanding. Aspects in businesses are often still left to the designers and other worried professionals or especialists. The word is not used among the list of organizations in the servicing industry. Noticing this gap, it is important to understand that businesses management should be taken under consideration since it is one of the functions that helps a business to generate and increase its value. Moral issues comes with the value of understanding functions management.

Ethical dilemmas make reference to a certain situation or concern wherein a decision should be made to choose one of both equally urgent yet incompatible alternatives (Mirwoba, 2009). One popular ethical issue discussed in the literature regarding functions management is opportunism. This issue is a topic of several empirical studies conducted to focus on business and management field. Opportunism is known as in the literature as an unethical action which identifies the abuse of opportunity. In company businesses, professionals or other specialists involved are susceptible to unethical choices anticipated to plentiful range of opportunities which might be abused. Some of the factors that drive specialists to engage in unethical habits are the stresses brought by the needs for cost decrease and unrealizable proper objectives. One area of businesses which is confronted with an increased vulnerability of interesting to unethical patterns is the procurement since the employee given in this process handles a significant amount of company resources (Carter, 2000). Furthermore, the procurement process comes with an increased contact with the external environment of a certain organization rendering it possible for easy conduct of unethical act. This isn't beneficial to the organization since its reputation is in jeopardy since the staff designated in the procurement process serves in behalf of the organization as a whole when dealing with third parties.

The empirical and conceptual research background of ethics in the procurement process of a company is affluent. The procurement activity within business functions is also the subject of another article by Ho (2012). The need for ethics in taking care of business functions is consumed with stress in the article. Ethics can be an essential requirement to be able to build and maintain a good relationship between an enterprise entity and other people included in the conduct of its procedures such as the suppliers. The procurement function in a small business organization is critical for the achievements of business goals since. An organization's effective functions rely upon the effective performance of the purchasing function while achieving global competitiveness is determined by effective operations. It is therefore important that ethics is included in the complete process to ensure good marriage to suppliers and finally to satisy the needs and needs of the clients. One ethical concern by procurement officers is the situation where many suppliers compete and provide different mementos and gifts just to develop a business deal. In lots of situations, the relationship of the procurement official not only to the distributor but also to his company may also be affected. More ethical challenges include needing to exagerate the problem of either the customer or the dealer in order to obtain a business package, offering preferential treatment to certain celebrations, allowing certain personalities to interfere with business deals, participating in reciprocity, and seeking and providing information of different qoutes from different rivals either in a fair or unfair manner.

Bribery is another requently brought up ethical concern in the literature (Vee & Skitmore, 2003). Bribery refers to the act of offering payments, goods or opportunities in exchange for something favorable. Accepting presents is not really a bad act however the situation tells whether it's unethical. When in businesses, accepting gift items from individuals who have direct influence on the operations functions maybe considered as unethical expecially when the individual being gifted and also have the capability to satisfy the eye of the surprise giver. Other moral issues to consider in procedures are breach of confidence, negligence, and scam.

The establishment of your code of conduct within an company can greatly help businesses especialists to decide on a certain moral concern. Everyday, everyone are confronted with the necessity to decide on a certain honest issue. Organizations are faced with the pressure of having to demonstrate to the general public their ability to decide correctly by using an ethical concern. Organizations need to keep up a good reputation and the general public trust to ensure their lifestyle on the market. To be able to achieve this, it is important for an organization to develop their own honest code of do to steer every employee to choose correctly and also to instill discipline among them.

Ethical leadership sometimes appears as an important factor to instill ethics in a certain organization (Monahan, 2012). Within the literature, ethical management is increasingly examined highly relevant to the functions of organizations. Many articles associated with the role of unethical manners in the failure of great companies take the exemplory case of Enron where thousands of employees were harmed due to the unethical activities of a few professionals. Not merely were the employees harmed however the honest controversy also influenced other external factors including the confidence of the general public within the financial systems and the introduction of more demanding federal legislations. The increasing amount of companies being involved in many moral controversies which even helped bring them down managed to get possible for others to realize the value of integrating ethics in managing company operations to be able to ensure success. Companies are more and more alert to this trend and also have began to take actions to redirect their proper plans to add ethical strategies in their paths to success. However, this move is never a fairly easy way since in the current business environment where every company aims for international penetration or globalization and competition is getting tougher, ethical concerns are getting sophisticated and intensive too. In this example, ethical leadership in a corporation is required to be headed by way of a charismatic leader (Mackie, Taylor, Finegold, Daar, & Vocalist, 2006).

In two studies brought up by (Monahan, 2012), it was revealed that one problem among organizations that concerns ethics is having less ethical leadership. Employees often do unethical actions or misconducts because of their insufficient trust over their company leaders and the problem is even worsened by the poverty and weakened economy. Furthermore, study results support the idea since a significant percentage of employees were seen to question themselves is ethics even is accessible within their own organizations. Actually, needing to follow the expectations is a simple process. However, everythings gets complicated when honest dilemmas arise and there is no one in the business to adopt responsibility. This prompted the necessity of every business with an ethical innovator.

Managing ethical action not only within functions management but within an organization all together is one of the nost pervasive and intricate obstacle of modern companies (Stead, Worrell, & Stead, 1990). You will discover three theories presented in the books which describe honest control (Plinio, 2009). These theories include transformational command, servant authority, and authentic authority. The first theory says that a authority transforms both the leader and fans through increasing the amount of conducts and dreams. The second theory, on the other hands, states that the leader should possess the type of devotion to improve the honest views of the supporters. Finally, the 3rd theory state governments that ethics comes from every individual through being true to themselves. Moral character within an organization will not be achieved unless every member evolves their own honest identity within themselves. Every member of an organization must have the decision of examining their inner figure in every blunders done, career setbacks that occur, and failures on their jobs. In other words, every organizational head should develop their integrity to foster ethics.

Harris, Sapienza, and Bowie (2011) described in their article the decision-making procedure for managers. Specific differ in honest decision-making. Actually, those that belong to the business enterprise world even have greater variations than those that do not. The differences may be anticipated to different affects such as socio-cultural factors.

Decision-making in a certain moral situation is really a dilemma. This is also true when the procedures manager must select from two alternatives which can be unfavorable. This is considered a hardcore challenge for the person in the situation. In some cases, ethical dilemmas may be impossible to solve due to reasons like disintegration of value system. In today's world when every company aims for globalization, companies are confronted with conflicting issues between your company aim of profitability and their corporate cultural responsibility. Ethics in the global market is complicated, so is the decision-making that procedures managers have to handle.

The literature proposes theoretical ideas regarding moral decision-making including relativism, moral imperialism, and universalism (Mirwoba, 2009). Relativism refers to the principle that a company should follow the moral standards and norms of the united states where they do business. Companies, therefore, follow different pieces of ethical specifications with respect to the culture of a certain nation. This can be unfavorable to a small business since there is no constant standard that employees should bear in mind. A business cannot set up its definite honest standards since cultures in other countries may be conflicting. Difficulty occurs when businesses in home market differ from the functions done in overseas markets. In the idea of moral imperialism, things are done in the opposite way of relativism. Moral imperialists claim that folks should maintain their own honest views even when conducting business in international lands. Ethics applied in functions in the house market is done the same manner in other company branches even in global marketplaces. Some creators, however, dispute that the mentioned ideas can both provide as bases for an honest decision making where a certain choice is chosen considering the norms in the international market and the business standards. In the idea of universalism, widespread guidelines are believed. These often include important human privileges issues, environmental protection, consumer safety, and basic freedoms. This foundation of code of ethics is the most advantageous to many corporations since serious problems in activities and uncertainties in functions may be prevented.

Most of the conversations focused on the businesses management in private corporations that are profit-oriented. However, ethical issues not only arise in profit-oriented companies but also with non-profit businesses (Robinson & Yeh, 2007). The challenge of strict compliance to ethical criteria among the list of non-profit businesses is influenced by the try out to do the right things. Furthermore, non-profit organizations tend to achieving their interpersonal goals somewhat than maximizing gains. When people face the idea of public goals, ethics always comes next to picture. Unlike in profit-oriented companies where ethical issues seem to be common amongst them, the books shows that honest issues in non-profit organizations are unique. A few examples of ethical conditions that challenge the procedures of non-profit organizations include accountability to donors, sponsors, and other financing institutions, human tool issues, financial reporting issues, conformity to social objective, and the conflicts among the necessity of stakeholders.

Dealing with the mentioned ethical issues, operations managers in non-profit organizations are confronted with the decision of selecting between the right and the wrong action. This appears to be a simple choice but it could be difficult in real situations when other factors hinder the decision-making. Functions administrator and other experts involved in the process face a issue when any course of action cannot provide a correct solution for just about any problem. Dilemmas also occur when managers cannot discover a way to choose which responsibility should be prioritized specially when there is no theoretical model or framework of action that can guide the procedure. This may happen because non-profit organizations have proper goals or aims that are unique and distinct from the other organizations. Robinson and Yeh (2007) stated things that businesses managers in non-profit sector should keep in mind during ethical issues including the knowing of the expectations of each stakeholder, the honest issues accompanying them, and the possible honest solutions.

The contribution of ethics to the whole business is important. By having to change the moral habits of the users of the functions department, the organization can create value in a better way specially that the operations function is the most crucial function of your business. The functions make the development of last products and services possible. Hence, it is necessary that the workers involve practice moral behavior to perform excellently and produce a quality product which can satisfy the needs and needs of the customers.

Chapter III

Results

At the beginning of this newspaper, three research questions were provided to set the direction of the study. With extensive review of books, answers of such research questions are extracted the following:

(1) What exactly are ethical issues faced in operations management?

Ethical concerns in operations management are complex, vast and in depth. In the literature review conducted, a few of the most examined ethical issues are opportunism and bribery. More moral issues recorded to have impacted many firms and even helped bring those down include breach of self-assurance, negligence, and fraud.

(2) How do companies resolve honest issues in their businesses management?

Companies resolve moral issues in their operations management through lots of ways. First is the establishment of the honest code of conduct within the business. The honest code of carry out can serve as the guiding process for managers and employees to act ethically or even to decide on an alternative which serves the best interest for the organization. Other ways is to develop the skill of decision-making. In different situations, decision-making may differ depending on the foundation for just about any substitute chosen. Different ideas may be looked at such as the theory of relativism, moral imperialism, or universalism. These theories are usually used in globalization where businesses managers are required to consider the international or common norms, this culture of a certain territory, and their own values when doing business in various nations.

(3) Does honest behavior within the procedures function need management?

Ethical habit within the functions function of any business can be been able using a charismatic manager who has the capacity to take ethical management obligations. Organizations may face many obstacles in the process which may even lead to traps and pitfalls because of the complexities of the challenge. A firm may be even necessary to change its strategies, framework and other organizational activities such as the selection and training strategies, communications system, confirming system, and interior auditing system to assimilate ethics in its pathway to profitability and success. Again, a great leadership skill is needed to achieve the needed alterations. As the books review above provides, employees in functions department may have the chance to be inspired by many factors in the external environment which might drive them to try doing unethical actions. Considering this fact, companies cannot count on the type and integrity of each worker to foster ethics. Companies need to market initiatives which can take care of ethical habits of employees.

Discussion

The results posted in this paper are limited and then the books review conducted. A far more extensive and advanced research procedure may be done to confirm or reject any says presented. Articles integrated in this research are chosen predicated on their give attention to ethics, business, procedures management and the links which exist among them. Future research may then enrich the knowledge through integrating more articles in other related subject areas to give a more comprehensive knowledge of the trend. Future researches may use this paper for knowledge building on this issue of ethics in operations management and may serve as a starting point for just about any theoretical changes through offering qualitative information.

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