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Elements Of Irony The Cask Of Amontillado British Literature Essay

Edgar Allan Poe is known mostly for his mastery of the Gothic genre. The author makes an powerful use of symbolism and irony throughout the Cask of Amontillado, why is the short story much more creepy, but, still, interesting and catching the reader's attention, once they can predict what is going to happen, however the victim cannot. This paper aims at presenting some irony from the work of Edgar Allan Poe The Cask of Amontillado. It'll present three types of irony from the work of Edgar Allan Poe "The Cask of Amontillado". The three types of irony contacted in this content material are verbal irony, situational irony and dramatic irony. The newspaper was elaborated by Daniel Fahed, Edson Freire and Cludia Oliveira using online sources and discussions among all the participants of the group.


The story takes place within an Italian city in the carnival season. Both main character types are Montresor, the protagonist and narrator who seeks revenge for thousands of non-specific injuries, and Fortunato, a wealthy man, who's a wine beverage connoisseur pleased with his skill. [5]

The genre of the short story is horror formulated with many examples of subtle and clear ironies. The whole story happens about the same day and it targets only one activity, which is the planning for murdering Fortunato. The narrator is in the first person, therefore, he's unreliable. The styles in this short history are revenge, deception and pride.

The story starts off with the following series: "The thousand accidents of Fortunato I had developed borne when i best could; however when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge. " Within the English culture there's a saying which should go: "Sticks and rocks may break my bones, but names won't harm me". Poe's presenter states the opposite. He has suffered incidents without complain, but insults he will not abide. The protagonist Montresor has a name which means "my treasure". He declares his goal of avenging on regrettable Fortunato, who have devoted some unspecified insult to Montresor's name and reputation. Besides, "an incorrect is unredressed when retribution overtakes the redresser. " Montresor looks for not and then punish, "but to punish with impunity. " [6]

Montresor's name translation parallels Fortunato's in two ways. First, in French origins, Montresor's name "combines what montrer (to show) and sort (fate)". Montresor's name shows that he shows Fortunato his fate.

We know that Montresor hates Fortunato, but Fortunato will not find out about it. The condemned figure is unaware that Montresor's friendly attitude is a pretense of good will, that his teeth is at the very thought of Fortunato's fatality. Even in the subject of Poeґs work it is possible to extract irony. The term cask, meaning wines barrel, is derived from the same root word used to form casket, signifying coffin. Therefore, the cask figuratively signifies Fortunato's casket.

"My dear Fortunato, you are thankfully found. " is one of the ironic statements of the storyline, because if he had not come across Montresor at all that fateful evening, maybe he'd have had far better good fortune and been much more fortunate.

The story takes place during the carnival season of madness and delight. The drunken Fortunato is wearing motley and the cap and bells of a jester, but he's no smart fool. Montresor takes on on Fortunato's satisfaction in his wine connoisseurship, requesting him to verify if Montresor's recent bargain-price wine beverages purchase is an expensive Amontillado or an ordinary Sherry. Fortunato agrees over Montresor's protests that it would be an imposition and a health threat, because the vaults where in fact the wine is stored are frosty, damp. Montresor's expressed concern for the other man's well-being is in disagreement along with his true intentions.

When Fortunato encounters Montresor, it is at a carnival; a festive time of light, pleasure and celebration. It is improbable that anyone would expect of an carnival to be the culmination of a murder plan. This characterizes a situational irony.

The tale is filled with verbal irony. Montresor says "my dear Fortunato" and pretends shock how "luckily we met". Montresor's take great pride in has been hurt through some real or imagined insults by Fortunato, and Montresor intends bad for him, but he speaks words dripping with honey to disguise his own motives and appeal to Fortunato's pride.

How does Montresor know that no servants would be present? He had informed them that he'd be gone forever and "given them explicit purchases not to stir from the house. " That, he recognized, would be enough "to guarantee their immediate disappearance" as soon as he left. That is a mixture of verbal and situational irony.

The two of these go down the catacombs, Montresor repeatedly expressing fret about the nitre-covered wall space and exacerbation of Fortunato's coughing. The unlucky victim-to-be says, "the coughing is only nothing; you won't kill me. I will not die of any cough. "

Another example of verbal irony requires places when Fortunato is convinced in Montresor's best motives during the trip through the catacombs and he declares that the dampness of the caverns will have an ill effect on Fortunatoґs health.

Fortunato was right - it would not be his cough that would destroy him, but rather his adamancy that his coughing would not. One more example of irony takes place when Montresor realizes that Fortunato is dead. After repeatedly getting in touch with Fortunato's name, Montresor collects himself and says, "In speed requiescat, " which translates as "rest in calmness. " While this itself does seem somewhat ironic since Montresor kills Fortunato and then wishes him serenity, it can't yet be completely liked. In Italian "in rate requiescat" does translate as "rest in serenity, " but the phrase, "in rate" by itself means a, "secure, monastic prison. " This description very well represents Fortunato's final resting place - secure since it is deep underground and behind a brick wall, and monastic because it's location is very private and almost has a spiritual air about any of it due to human remains spread about.

He is also proven to be a fool for believing Montresor has his best motives at heart when, during their journey through the catacombs, his companion protests the dampness of the caverns will come with an ill affect on Fortunato's health insurance and asks him to carefully turn back. Since it turns out, the fake concern is all part of the artifice used to lure Fortunato deeper in to the trap, for the more Montresor advises turning back a lot more decided Fortunato becomes to keep onward.

Fortunato accepts a container of Medoc that Montresor has chosen from the many wines laying in the mould, Fortunato toasts "to the buried that repose all around us, " unaware that he himself would soon be one of them. "And I to your long life, " responds Montresor knowing that Fortunato's life is going to end.

Readers know Montresor is not being genuine as he toasts to Fortunato's good health and long life. Actually, he's deceiving and mocking his victim. It is dramatic irony when the reader understands something the individuals in a story have no idea of. Fortunato believes he is being praised in high esteem with understanding for his good understanding of wine beverage, when the audience knows Fortunato will suffer the revenge of his acquaintance.

Fortunato asks about the Montresor layer of hands, which is "A huge human foot d'or, in a field of azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel. " with the motto Nemo me impune lacessit "written in it - which in British means "no-one can damage me unpunished". The reader can recognize the relationship of hands and inscription to what is happening. The unfortunate one will not.

Fortunato wines more wine beverages. This second container is a flagon of De Grave (De Grave in British is a sepulture) - another word that has ambiguous interpretation. Montresor makes sure Fortunato will continue by recommending that they instead reverse to escape the bad air. A world of low funny comes after as Fortunato asks whether Montresor is a member of the masons. Montresor produces a mason's trowel from under his cloak. Fortunato thinks it a joke. The trowel was exhibited to point a mason icon, but, at the same time, as an instrument used to murder Fortunato. They continue through the charnel house, passing the remains of decades of Montresors, to an interior recess. Arriving at a small chamber Montresor has his drunken dupe in chains secs later.

Building stone and mortar immediately accessible, Montresor uses his trowel and begins walling the topic. Even chained to the wall structure, Fortunato believes it's all a big joke and asks about the nonexistent Amontillado. Now, he's the ignoramus-term used to insult Luchesi, whom Montresor has many times recommended as a connoisseur who he would ask to check the cask of wine beverage rather than Fortunato. Such name-calling can be the propensity for insult that has prompted Montresor's fatal revenge following the thousand incidents he has utilized.

Still drunk, Fortunato starts screaming and struggling when he starts off to understand what the situation is really as the opening commences to close with each row of masonry. As the ultimate stone is going to be put, Fortunato laughs again stating it's all been a joke they can tell the revelers at the palazzo. But it's after midnight; shouldn't we call it quits? My partner will be thinking about where I am. "Let us be absent. "

When Montresor repeats that range, "be vanished" has some other interpretation. Fortunato has uttered his previous words. Montresor hears only the jingling of the bells on his victim's cap. "My heart grew sick, " he says.

Is this a suggestion of remorseful mankind in Montresor? Not at all. This is some sort of irony that appears to be lost to many readers; Montresor says within the next phrase that his heartsickness got nothing in it of pity. It was just the dampness that was getting to him. Shaking off his malaise, he inserts the previous natural stone, plasters it, and gets back again to the displaced bones.

"For the half a century no mortal has disturbed them. " Montresor is joyful. He has been relating a grisly event of long ago. He has indeed punished with impunity, providing new meaning to the motto on his coating of arms. The ultimate phrase echoes the Latin of the requiem mass. In rate requiescat: May he relax in peace. One can only imagine the painfully slow death by thirst and starvation, and the nitre which made him coughing, Fortunato didn't die in peace, and the sorrowful thoughts of the requiem mass are absent. Montresor has punished with impunity.

The visitors might think that this story is happening at the present time, but it happened fifty years in the past. It shows situational irony, which is utilized when the contrary will happen than is expected.


Edgar Allan Poe uses many has on words and ambiguity to craftily create his work. Some of them are clear to the audience plus some are subtle. The usage of this figure of speech, which really is a contradiction of expectation between what is said and what's intended or an incongruity between what might be expected-by Fortunato, in this case, however, not by the readers-and what actually occurs. As we're able to see Montresor is focused on the idea of killing Fortunato. The verbal irony exists in every phrase when Montresor, obviously worried about Fortunato's cough and the result of the nitre-covered wall space of this wine cellar, says, "You'll be sick and I cannot be liable. " We also noticed the situational irony, which occurs when events turn out the opposite of what would typically be expected. The fact that the storyline of a man of misfortune should be named Fortunato and the fact of the name of the report be "The Cask of Amontillado", that leads the reader to assume that this barrel of wines probably is available are types of situational irony; as well as the actual fact that the murder takes place during carnival season and the halloween costumes the two men are putting on suits perfectly with their rolls in the storyline. At last, the use of remarkable irony allows the viewers to feel the imminent danger and Montresor's real motives as they know more than Fortunato or are able to interpret more effectively what the personas have to say. Just like when Montresor repeats Fortunato's "Why don't we be eliminated, " we understand some other meaning than does Fortunato.

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