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Dramatic Techniques FOUND IN Hitchcocks The Birds Film Studies Essay

Hitchcock was spectacular in his remarkable techniques because the tension is built in various views which also makes this film complete the horror genre in addition to suspense. First the audience believe that the film is a comedy since it is incredibly ordinary as well as the use of excellent lighting and warm colorings. Hitchcock makes us as the audience get an understanding of the heroes back report before unleashing the terror in the rest of the film. The movie was very modern for its era, consequently of the use of new technology to the 60's hence the scenes are genuine which adds to its unrevealing storyline. The use of Technicolor put into the horror through the film since it was very new. Through pathetic fallacy the atmosphere is defined in most moments, for example when Melanie Daniels and Mitch Brenner are in the bird shop it is very bright and colourful which is shown in the heroes tendencies in the field. Also towards the end the lamps and colour make a dark and eerie atmosphere.

The killers in 'The Birds' and 'Psycho' were believable nevertheless the characters remained odd and innocent personas. The advantages of the film with the type is familiar shows her sense of security however when she goes to a rural area we see a vulnerable persona with unfamiliar environment. Hitchcock may have chosen a small town since it is seen to be more dangerous but in this setting up it is more dangerous as it is isolated.

The film features a mass use of the colour green for example in the surroundings whilst Melanie is driving a car the sail boat the surroundings is renewable and blue to Hitchcock's preference and also Melanie wears the same renewable jacket throughout the film. This makes the color inexperienced significant to Hitchcock's videos. Green is not usually associated with terror and dread but Hitchcock used this to make the audience feel uncertainty in the film. When Melanie is taking the birdcage to Mitch she actually is looked at from the waistline down exhibiting her in a renewable dress. This is a reference to birds being women because Melanie is blonde haired which is wearing green, the love birds are yellow headed with inexperienced bodies. This suggestion is also manufactured in the beginning when Melanie is walking down a active block and hears a wolf whistle towards her. This sound is comparable to a birds audio. Hitchcock also used the color renewable in 'Vertigo' the Female lead wears green. Hitchcock also uses distinct objects in many ways for example the beaks in 'The Birds' and the weapon in 'Psycho'.

Most of the film is defined throughout the day which makes the viewer unsuspecting of the birds. Hitchcock does this to show the relaxed and peaceful atmosphere which is maintained throughout the film until the ending. Vibrant shades dominate the screen mostly, during the calm moments whereas before and throughout the bird episodes dim, shady shades are used. For example in the Tides Restaurant when the birds strike the atmosphere is dark which is mirrored on the clothes worn, the weather and the color of the birds (see image 1). The color plays a key part in why 'The Birds' is an effective suspense film. Through its use of high key light contrasted with low key light which creates a strange impression to the audience.

An example of lighting is offered proficiently in the lifeless famer scene. In this scene we start to see the light symbolising the ambiance in the landscape. It starts with Lydia walking down with very glowing sun rays, as she strolls towards the entranceway the lighting commences to dim down. Going into the house we visit a window with natural light but no fake light inside your home. This lack of light starts to suggest something bad has took place. The director has used this superbly in a lot of his films to create unease with the observer. Hitchcock was superior when it came up to using mise-en-scene to alter the looks of things. The room where the famer is found is excellent but as the camera commences to expose his body the lamps is darker. The shadows cover the body only revealing his face along with his pitch-black eyes sockets. As Lydia runs out the elements has improved to a dark stormy sky. The audience seems that this symbolises the man has died and the birds will assault again. Hitchcock creates a parallel to the publication because the main character finds his neighbours killed because of the birds. The director does indeed this because he is trying to use aesthetic techniques such as camera sides and lighting to make a horror film atmosphere which also creates a far more effective suspense film. This arena is effective because of the crisis portrayed by Lydia additionally it is good because we begin to see different facets to Lydia's persona.

During the world where in fact the old woman talks about the medical facts concerning the birds we see shiny colours and brilliant lighting but as the birds commence to attack it appears to get darker. When the man is set alight the flame signifies loss of life and evil, and a caution that more birds are approaching to attack. This is another field where lighting causes suspense. The usage of Chiaroscuro is very effective in scaring the audience. Also the use of long dialogue to produce suspense is incredibly effective because the audience is willing to determine the cause of the attacks and when they will harm again but this 'justification' creates the anticipating effect on the audience.

The MacGuffin changes throughout the film. At the start the audience feels the film is a cheerful film about love but when the storyline evolves the viewer considers: Why are the birds attacking? When are they heading to attack next? These questions cannot be answered because they were even analysed by the heroes in the Tides Restaurant field after the birds attacked the institution but there was no rational reason.

Hitchcock used the MacGuffin in a lot of his movies for example in 'Psycho' the personas think about Where Is Marion Crane with the amount of money? MacGuffin is one of Hitchcock's strong details because he uses it to help make the audience have a different attitude to every world wondering what will happen and just why is it happening. This works well because the audience does feel the craving to learn what will happen and lots of other questions.

The performance portrayed by the stars in this film is very effective as the stars and actresses are incredibly natural and can relate with the audience through this. Also the utilization of something as typical and each day as birds rather than monsters and aliens found in modern motion pictures makes the film relate with the audiences life. This is a film that can affect a variety of audiences since it could have frightened people in the 60's because of the fear of bombs attacking. Nowadays it could be a regards to global warming attacking us.

Due to the fatality of the farmer Lydia was at more need of Mitch's coverage but felt she had to compete with Melanie because both were ladies in Mitch's life and they felt helpless. The very moving portrayal of a needy mom by Jessica Tandy is amazing and still makes a direct effect to people today because this emphasises Oedipus' complex. Mitch is the central character and the ladies seem to revolve around him which could be another cause for the parrot episodes. The protagonist in the novella by Du Maurier is a farmer and Mitch lives in a barn. This is among the many similarities between the film and the publication.

Hitchcock developed the personas relationships in different ways to generate an unsuspecting atmosphere. Melanie is the centre of the as she is a problem to Lydia Brenner and Annie Hayworth (the school teacher) because they are both women who are based mostly of Mitch's love. Kathy Brenner (Mitch's sister) enjoys Melanie as a result of love birds she received from her on her behalf birthday and it is not just one of the main concentrates of the film. The handing of the love bird's guides to an extremely misleading story making us think it is about the love birds only because Hitchcock spent a lot of time building the character types feelings and behaviours to produce an strong atmosphere for the audience thus creating suspense.

In the opening credits the title "The Birds" was gradually pecked away by the moving crows. This use of shiny light and medium injections for an launch creates a incomprehensible build for the audience. For modern people this may be regarded as a very emotive film but long however this makes the audience even more eager to watch the film since it does not hand out much information in many moments.

The vitality of the movie is by using camera angles due to the absence of a music soundtrack. Hitchcock runs on the variety of methods that happen to be incredibly effective to produce the great suspense in the film. In many scenes tension is built to create dread and doubt in when the birds invasion. The film is not extremely graphical in the moments where the birds attack yet the terror is shown through his use of camera perspectives. For instance Melanie's phone booth arena, the camera steps around in the idea of view of the birds then switches to Melanie's view but when she is getting more and more prone low angle shots are being used to make her look defenceless (see image 2). As Melanie enters the phone booth a medium long shot is used. Birds-eye view is utilized showing her together with the birds attacking the booth. Extreme close ups show her feelings as scared. The strike from the birds is shown with overly busy viewpoint pictures from Melanie and the birds.

Extreme close ups are being used to show the characters feelings during bird attacks. In the beginning of the film this is used showing the personas behaviour. Predominantly when we see Melanie she looks like an upper course woman with no worries on the planet through extreme close ups. She actually is very sophisticated making her poor and at risk of attack. Hitchcock uses a feminine protagonists in many of his videos such as 'Psycho', Marion is alone and susceptible and 'Vertigo', the female is peaceful and by themselves. Through camera perspectives we can see the similarities in the heroes feelings.

Point of view pictures are used a great number of times during the film to give you an idea about what they can easily see and how they see things. For example when Lydia sees the farmer we walk with her because a point of view shot is used. Your body of the farmer zooms in 3 x to show his sight. This triple close up shot works well with point of view shot to create a tense atmosphere. Lydia is a frightened old girl who strolls in a certain way through Camera sides we learn about her have to be a woman in expert.

In the playground scene of 'The Birds' the camera injections are used to build up the still surrounding before the assemblage of the birds. The long shot of Melanie Daniels walking to the bench illustrates she actually is only and the empty climbing body in the playground. She actually is unaware of what is going on and has her back to the birds in the climbing framework (see image 3). By doing this suggests she is exposed and prone and available to attack as she actually is unaware of the further gathering of the birds however the audience can easily see this through the medium long shot. She actually is lower down under the birds showing she is in danger of harm by the birds. Hitchcock is wanting to explore the audience's reaction to this relaxed place being the home of the 'villains' of the film because the playground seems such as a place of purity so the audience believes this can be a cheerful place. Usually in suspense movies something begins relaxed but changes unsuspectingly. Hitchcock used suspense to its amount because the hold out in a lot of his views for the birds to come are long. This change is when the first bird lands on the climbing shape creates a sinister atmosphere. The camera cuts from mid pictures of Melanie smoking and the birds accumulating number on the climbing body. Mise-en-scene can be used because Hitchcock makes the landscaping mirror onto Melanie's loneliness. The institution playground and the hillsides in the backdrop make the atmosphere normal and make her look defenceless and by itself. Hitchcock is trying to explore how colorings and bright scenery creates a wintry scary atmosphere without the use of non-diagetic looks or speech of Melanie. The argument that the bird attacks are attracted by Mitch could be demonstrated wrong as they have three female individuals: Kathy, Melanie, Annie. The noises are very noisy and show tension such as with 'psycho' the only real audio in the shower scene is this inflatable water coming in contact with the basin. Melanie is an extremely vulnerable persona because she is an outsider to the community and Hitchcock emphasises this in many views. Annie appears to be dominant and also have electric power over Melanie because she actually is accepted by the city. Also Annie feels threatened by Melanie because we see her ordering Melanie to stay outside instead of sticking to her in the school room.

Tilted angle images are used in the end scene whenever we listen to the birds nearing. The characters research towards the ceiling where the parrot sounds are via. The squawks is actually a diegetic or non diegetic sound because they establish the mood so when the volume increases the characters will be more frightened and the feelings is intense. Soon after a low perspective shot is used to show the defencelessness of the characters.

Wide shots (Extreme long images) are used to show the landscape and the character types surroundings and usually it isn't visibly detailed. That is incredibly exciting and terrifying and it is shown in many views showing the birds plotting and attacking.

A bird's vision view camera angle is a very bizarre and unnatural shot but is used frequently in the film, not only in the phone booth field (see image 4). Hitchcock might have used this as a literal bird's-eye view nevertheless the shot places the audience in a god like position because we see it from above. This may be a direct connect to the judgement day explanation of the film as this shot can be used when the birds commence attacking at the gas train station.

The first attack is referenced in the Tides Restaurant picture when the girl accuses Melanie of the bird attacks because she is the first person to be attacked in the motorboat. Long shots are used showing the surroundings. The warm, relaxed atmosphere in the landscape is shown by the landscaping and Melanie's clothing. The long shot doubles as a spot of view shot for Mitch. We see what Mitch recognizes as she actually is attacked by way of a seagull. The parrot harm could be interpreted as Melanie's need be recognized by Mitch because Melanie would have gone home direct soon after if it wasn't for the bird attacking her. Hitchcock uses a range of dramatic techniques to expose the individuals and their connection with one another. He does this to make a sense of unease and make the film have a deeper meaning than just parrot problems. This film could be in regards to a number of other things because this landscape shows the feelings between your two people which appears to cause the first parrot invasion. If Hitchcock really wished to make the film no more than birds he would have centered it more round the book because the novella has a realization and an explanation. Also it centers more on the parrot problems and the science than the partnership between the heroes.

The mother and son romance is shown in a lot of Hitchcock's film including the dominant mother in 'Psycho'. Throughout the film Mitch identifies his mom as "darling" and kisses her frequently. That is a suggestion of Oedipus' Complex. Mitch is deeply in love with his mother and the lack of his dad makes the mom needy. Moreover Lydia and Melanie look extremely likewise which explains to us that Mitch needs his partner to be his jus like his mom.

One of the very most successful scenes in the film is Kathy's birthday landscape. It has a sense of being a very unsuspecting scene since it uses very stunning colours and has an absence of birds altogether in the landscaping. This use of shiny lights and shiny colors make the field seem innocent making the audience anticipating a parrot attack or wanting to know why they aren't attacking. Thus giving an idea of innocence because we see Mitch and Melanie's marriage develop before the bird strike and we see their characters exposed which also increases a build up to the climax of the birds attacking. We see Lydia is helpless by the uses of camera angles such as point-of-view shots and extreme close ups. She is scared when the birds start to attack and it is needy of Mitch's attention but he's centered on the other two women in his life Melanie and Annie. If the birds pop the balloons we listen to appears like bombs which could be a connect to the Daphne Du Maurier novella because her book was based in England showing the fear of bomb disorders in post battle Britain. Hitchcock was looking to explore what humans are afraid of which is aspect attacking the human race. Hitchcock played on the thought of being fearful of the sky and used birds rather than bombs. This arena shows how the director makes a quiet peaceful picture make us take into account the world and characteristics. Modern films have used this example by the professional of suspense such as '2012' which ultimately shows nature attacking humans and finishing the entire world.

Towards the finish when the birds harm the house the impression of being paranoid is conveyed through the acting professional which implies the feeling of things coming out of the sky. That is a reference to the cold battle. This also makes us as humans feel that anything can occur to us and character can make us susceptible. The book comes to a realization that the birds are affected by the tide levels. Initially the humans are in control of the birds as they are caged. The dining tables switch when the humans are locked in their homes with the birds intimidating them.

'The Birds' is arguably a film about the strain between households because the birds strike when different things happen to each figure. The bird episodes when Melanie begins to get feelings for Mitch and when there is anxiety between Lydia and Melanie. Lydia is the overprotective mother and Melanie is a woman without a mother. Melanie is rich and has everything she needs apart from a mother. At the end we see Melanie powerless she can scarcely research to Lydia but still does in a way saying that she's found her mother figure and it is need of help.

Also another interpretation of the parrot attacks is the fact that because the birds won't stop until humans change. The birds almost fight following the humans treat them with cruelty stuck in zoos and cages. The telephone booth arena also emphasises that because Melanie is adjoining by birds mocking her in a mobile booth which appears like a bird helpless in a cage. This tells us there could be a biblical concept to the film, Judgement day as talked about in the Tides restaurant. In 'Psycho', there's a psychologist who concludes the film by detailing why Norman Bates chose those actions, in the same way 'The Birds' an ornithologist talks about the reality about birds and possible answers with their behavior in the Tides Restaurant. The birds could be a caution from something higher than humans because of the fact that birds are typically a symbol of peace but in the film they connote loss of life and evil. Hitchcock reinforces the idea that humans are in frequent fear that dynamics will change against them. Humans are usually the predators of birds however in the book they are really shown as eating the humans due to weather. Yet, in the reserve they wipe out the humans but no mention of eating. The humans are remaining helpless to expire. Hitchcock could have also structured this on the parrot attacks in San Francisco because the birds attacked without an justification. Also 'Psycho', Norman's hobby is stuffing dead birds which could be a mention of the cruelty of humans to birds.

In the beginning the lack of any non-diegetic tones in the film makes us imagine there is absolutely no music score. However Hitchcock uses the looks of the institution children and birds during the film. The squawking of the birds is very powerful. When it's calm the may seem are noiseless and high pitched. Before and during episodes the bird seems range in pitch and level terrifying the viewer. Hitchcock refers to Bernard Herrmann, a composer as a music expert. Herrmann has worked with Hitchcock on many movies such as 'Vertigo'. Hitchcock seemed to not use non-diegetic does sound to create a nervous atmosphere which is conserved throughout the film however the bird noises seems to be inner but is a non-diagetic audio with different pitched squawks. Whenever we are introduced to Mitch's family home Melanie on the piano is another sound which creates and atmosphere. Whist Kathy is pleading for Melanie to remain. The piano sets the disposition and decreases in pace as Kathy is turned down.

In the Playground World the children's nursery rhyme is the only real sound which gives the same impact as a non-diegetic audio. This audio is well used to set-up pressure in the atmosphere. The children sing repeatedly to help make the arena feel innocent also to show Melanie continues to be naive to the birds gathering behind her. Although sound is inside it still builds up tension and fear in the film.

To conclude the film was incredibly triumphant in creating suspense for the audience. The whole film has an assortment of horror and suspense. This made me feel Hitchcock deserved to be called the professional of suspense. Although others may feel this is not one of Hitchcock's best films because of bad visual effects I believe it is worth being in the very best five of Hitchcock's movies. Through camera angles, colour and light and the drama portrayed by the actors and stars the birds is still a success scheduled to it having the ability to frighten viewers from different schedules. The absence of a musical soundtrack is very effective in creating suspense. The film also produces a wonderfully compelling storyline and then for those reasons Hitchcock won't be neglected for his amazing works.

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