Posted at 01.03.2019
Brave New World is both, utopia and dystopia. The author Aldous Huxley designed to depict an imagined new world after Ford, an commercial era, where all people would be happy and extremely satisfied or as content as the ideal society would let them be. Yet, to ascertain utopia and dystopia in Daring New World, we must look at the new world from our very own time and from enough time before Ford, seen through the eyes of John the Savage, our predecessor. The planet we view herein displays a futuristic world, a global that is to come, and a happy world we can imagine with an amount of disbelief. Folks of our world, the world which is more happy than the savages' world, still not as happy as the Ford's world, will have to consider all the reality that make the " new world " look happy and daring. The idea of a daring world will undoubtedly lead to the question of what makes the " new world " brave. Independence to do only what pleases us or flexibility to identify only with this single-minded community, whose pleasure is manipulated, makes us submissive to the rules, intrinsic and learnt guidelines, for we wish to enjoy our lives despite all probabilities. The ideas are as courageous as the community that fosters them continues them alive and effective. BNW has the power to control and please its individuals, because they enjoy with their hedonistic consumer orientated feelings, blessed by their God - Ford.
Therefore it's important to confront the ideals and ideas people talk about at that time before Ford and after Ford. Is the BNW a good or a negative world? How utopian could it be and exactly how dystopian could it be? Is this world, which Huxley satirically depicted, is it a genuine utopia or its bad version, an unimaginably and disgustingly surreal dystopia?
This novel is presenting many fearless ideas located in future. The community depicted in the novel, being futuristic, shows up as a utopian culture. There are always a couple of elements that present its utopian part. They may be: a highly reproductive, healthy, rich and stabile community. These are provided by the federal government who ensures planning and managing everything that is people's interest. Federal takes proper care of their citizens. People live and work directly together, they can be agreeable on everything and there is absolutely no discord. Reasons control thoughts in a contemporary society whose member should all feel pleased with what they are and what they have.
Being a utopian novel, BNW tells a story about being eventually happy in a world that does not incite emotions or triggers pain. Genetically "improved" people live an undisturbed happy and healthy life in a modern culture that provides because of their constant well-being. They are extremely brilliant Alphas and Betas, and less wise Gammas, Deltas and Epsilons, but all of them are happy with what they are and exactly how they live. A well balanced caste system "solved by standard Gammas, unvarying Deltas, even Epsilons. An incredible number of similar twins. The theory of mass production at last applied to biology (Huxley, 2002:8).
Love in this community is deprived of emotions or its troubling emotional conditions, or to say - love does not are present. It cannot damage, as it usually hurts. There is no pain or regret. Sex is considered as recreation and there is absolutely no immorality in orgies. It really is just a pleasure that folks should do often and with all the other beautiful customers of the community. All participants of the community have whatever they need: beverages, food, love-making, soma (drugs). A reproductive goal is pain-free delivery of new people to the world, handled properly for the sake of the health, success and balance of the population. Women don't need to deliver babies. They do not have to go through the pain.
Everybody is in love with everybody. It really is phenomenal to get a great deal love anywhere people go. Ford justifies promiscuity with biological dog reasons. People intercourse with everyone and girls are so fittingly pneumatic, just like Ford vehicles are.
Babies are "raised" in containers that are "to be predestined in detail" (Huxley, 2002: 9) through the Bokanovsky process as it is "one of the major devices of social balance!"( Huxley, 2002: 7). There, in the bottles, they are prepared for what they will be when they come out and increase up in the population where everyone understands their place, they know about things they are really predestined for and diseases they will be cured against. People are not afraid of death, since it is a natural course of things.
All the aforementioned conveniences provide members of the happy BNW community with their particular identity of an happy nation. They are free members with their community in the manner that they are free to extremely enjoy life in the series with the rules of these happy community. They are taught that understanding of the world because the container time, and afterwards - through hypnopaedic incantation with regard to steadiness, lulled by their thoughtful proverbs like Lenina's favorite "a gramme is preferable to a damn. " The director of the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre educates that "2 hundred repetitions of the same or an identical lesson would be wedded indissolubly. What man has signed up with, dynamics is powerless to place asunder" (Huxley, 2002:17).
As for fine art, people do not make it. Their life is so bright colored, secure and happy that no inner state of mind should be expressed more effectively than consuming goods and attaining satisfaction, which pleases individuals bodily and religious needs.
Talking about research, there is little or nothing that should be invented as the society living in wealth, and everyone have their lives at ease. The community is well advanced and further advancements could only misbalance the casts' needs, which is unneeded because everyone has his own predestined role in the stable society that is already prosperous.
How utopian indeed! Huxley observed in "foreword of his novel written in 1946 with enough time he occur the novel 1000 years in the foreseeable future, although it seems to him that people are hardly one hundred years far from the horror" (Koljevi, 2002:137). His judgment leads us to the notion of dystopia, as the writer concludes it to be always a horrifying reality in which people shall are in 1 day in the alienated world enriched with technology.
By transforming into dystopia, the happy society becomes a place ruled under totalitarian conditions in our own eyes. In the beginning, John the Savage grasps the new term because he considers it is a world with fearless ideas, but later on he recognizes the planet to be sinful. Being different requires one's expatriation from the happy modern culture. You have the liberty to select from thinking in a different way and being a follower. Huxley questions the planet that solved all of its problems where "children are made in labsgrown up up in the heart of three main social paroles: community, identification, balance. These paroles are imprinted in their heads when they were sleeping as soon as they became men and women they might keep duplicating them as supreme wisdoms and morality"(Kovaevi, 1984:268). Efforts to distort the unquestioned personality of the community will lead to sociable isolation. Freedom to believe in a different way dies with dystopia. Island is the perfect place for the different member of the city. Some members are not reliable customers of the culture, the look of them, skills and performance are not as they are meant to be, a few of the people want to conduct scientific studies, and science is available as a disturbing element for the city. Such individuals who are like Bernard and Helmholtz need to accept the regime or even to be expatriated if disobeyed. To get rid of the "disagreement" sickness leading into instability, people better take soma. Folks are meant to follow as these were learnt to, as their designers predestined them. Designers decant "infants as socialized humans, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewage personnel or future future World controllers" (Huxley, 2002:109).
BNW is really a disgusting modern culture, which gives one all hedonistic pleasure he/she can think of, against Bible and morality. No feelings are present there, people aren't free to make their own choice, their physical lifetime is abuse of their "blood and flesh" without any pain for "pain's a delusion" (Huxley, 2002:108). Women are "decent" Alpha Leninas, highly well known whores; all people enjoy promiscuity. Svetozar Koljevi cites June Deery that "ladies in the society have emerged and regard themselves as "meats" and, as inside our society, meat which must be lean, not fat" (Koljevi, 2002:136). As sexually immorality brought on decay of Rome, so that it could have the same implications on BNW.
The brave new world is just a theoretically advanced world, a new world that was foreseen by Ford, the get better at of mass development. Ford is the God, the get better at of your technologically perfected world of commodities and consumers, the main one who "looks down" at his consumers, who blindly follow their consumer instincts and beliefs. Id of the consumers includes their religious beliefs in Ford and significant utilization and comforting with their sins. The supporters have no flexibility to feel, think over or respond to all the immoralities.
Unlike utopia, dystopia in BNW is intimidating to anything that is "normal". In that stable community, folks have to stop on the things they may have always known and felt normal. The unsettling feeling about universal pleasure shows up when people think about quitting on normal prices like home, family, liberty and other traditional value. It isn't a real happiness. Happiness comes from vices: orgies (Bernard says that "Orgy-porgyis simply a Solidarity Service hymn" (Huxley, 2002:122), promiscuity ("but everyone belongs to everyone else" (Huxley, 2002:18), drugs that makes us love everyone deeper and "if anything should go incorrect, there's soma" (Huxley, 2002:155). The curse of unquestioned stability is an aspect that suppresses the component of freedom. It suppresses the emotions about being special or different. People should fear emotions, because they are the sign of weakness and an unacceptable response. Life is not respected, as every life can be substituted by thousands of other lives. Unnaturally, people should take fatality easily. Dying is nice as they are trained so. They learn to take dying as a matter of natural course ". like any other physiological process" (Huxley, 2002:109). Even though they pass away, their person is burnt and the ash can be used for pragmatic needs.
As for skill, it is considered as an expression of feelings or attitudes that must be controlled. One should not communicate them, as they threaten steadiness of a totalitarian society. Those should not influence other folks, which resembles DARK AGES state of art, not a futuristic period.
Science is a danger to balance, as it brings changes and inventions. Mond lectures the Savage for the reason that "every discovery in pure science is potentially subversive; even science must sometimes be treated just as one adversary. Yes, even research. " (Huxley, 2002:154). This really noises dystopian, because the futuristic times foresee novelties. Science shapes history using its inventions.
The paroles of community, id and stableness are axis of the new society Huxley shown through the reflection of utopia and dystopia. Those are two factors of the same coin: the question of the way the world will look as with all the technology improvements, enlarged mass production and an increasing hedonistic consumer's society. It tackles with people's perception of the well designed future and their attitude about how they want the planet to be.
In modern terms, in touches the notion of influence of public and commercial propaganda merged with the power of large-scale technology and industry designers of today's world order.