General characteristics and specificities of a Turabian style paper

Turabian is the simplified name of A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, which was publicated by the University of Chicago Press. This book serves as a style guide for formatting and writing academic research papers. It helps deal with arranging of papers and punctuation of footnotes and bibliography in academic writing. The style is named after its original author, American educator Kate Larimore Turabian.

How it works

Student places an order

Student places an order

Writers make their offers

Writers make their offers

Student Hires a WRITER

Student Hires a WRITER



Price calculator
We've got the best prices, check out yourself!
Specify when you would like to receive the paper from your writer. Make sure you leave a few more days if you need the paper revised. You'll get 20 more warranty days to request any revisions, for free.
Our Price
Competitors' price is calculated using statistical data on writers' offers on Studybay
Competitors' price
We've gathered and analyzed the data on average prices offered by competing websites
$ 0 Best Price!
$ 0

If not to mention several differences, Turabian is very similar with CMS style. But The Chicago Manual of Style as a guide for writing concentrates on providing instructions for general publishing process, while A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is mostly focused on giving style guidelines for student research papers, theses and dissertations.

Turabian style also distinguishes from other writing styles created by professional scholarly organizations, like MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing and Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The differences are mostly in publication details, however, they are rather significant. For example, in contrast to the APA style, which has the purpose of directing writers concerning publication in professional journals, the goal of Turabian style is to guide writers through class research papers first of all. And, what distinguishes it from the MLA style, is that the latter is focused on high-school, college and university academic writing, while Turabian concentrates on all students on both undergraduate and graduate levels, who write theses and dissertation.

As a matter of fact, this style is required in publishing articles in the sphere of musicology, history, women's studies and theology. Its bibliography guidelines are widely used in writing papers for literature, history and arts studies and describe bibliographic information as for the footnotes, endnotes and actually bibliography.

  • Turabian outlines two different citation styles, such as the «Humanities style» (or the notes-bibliography style), which describes citing by means of footnotes and endnotes, and the «Scientific and Social Sciences Style» (or the author-date style), which provides rules for citing through parenthetical author and date references within the paper text and a reference list.
  • There is a recommendation for writing the sources in both the bibliography and notes sections, however, it is not a requirement and is absolutely up to you. Writing notes in both sections of notes and bibliography simultaneously is a common practice for humanity sciences academic papers. Therefore, you need to discuss this issue with your professor in order to make it right.
  • In case you are required (or just decided by yourself) not to include the section of bibliography in your paper, and instead of it to create only a list of references, it is necessary to give all the details regarding the sources you used in the notes. When you use a work in the notes for the first time, remember providing complete publication details. Further mentioning can be written simply in a short form. At the same time, if you provided all sources cited in notes also in your bibliography, don't forget to give all the publication details in the notes, anyway.
  • You have to make all the text within your manuscript double-spaced, but the footnotes and bibliography have to be single-spaced with a blank line between the entries.
  • There has to be a page number on each page. Center arabic numbers at the top of the page.
  • All the documents, including online sources that you used while writing your paper have to be cited even if you gave the information in your own words.
  • When introducing somebody else's idea in your paper, use such words as argues, refers to, compares, explains, considers, proves, thinks, researches, enlightens, etc.
  • Make all the information in your text accurate and clear, avoid using poetic and complex language.
  • The items on your reference list have to be arranged in an alphabetical order by author. In case there is no author, you should start with the title following by the date.
  • When mentioning internet journals, publications, articles and other online sources in the section of references, include the date of looking at it.

These are the main and common rules for writing a paper in accordance with A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. If you find it difficult for you or you simply don't have time for writing research papers, we are glad to offer you something really helpful. You can ask us for assistance right away and our highly qualified writers will help you deal with your academic writing. We guarantee you a well-written, clear and remarkable research paper and total anonymity. Therefore, you will save yourself several headaches and spend your time doing something really interesting and useful for you.

Having said that, there is something more that we would like to offer you. Look below at what other services we provide.

Our effective cheap research paper writing service is meant for tranquillity of your mind and success of your studying. That is why we are always ready to help you with a good engineering coursework writing, to provide you with a clear explanation of how to write a thesis statement. Additionally, we will support you in dealing with case study definition and give you essential dissertation writing help. Our team is your universal solution for all educational assignments and difficulties.

Still thinking write papers for me? In the light of all above-mentioned, you can stop feeling stressed if you contact us at this moment.

What is

  • 15+ years experience in academic paper writing assistance
  • 100% original writing
  • 97% customer rating
  • 24/7 FREE customer support via phone and email
  • Flexible discount policy
  • VIP services available
  • All subjects available

Today’s site activity

Preparing orders
Preparing orders
Completed orders
Completed orders
Active writers
Active writers
Discount programs available for customers
Discount programs available for customers
Customer reviews
Customer reviews
Operators online
Operators online

What we can offer

FREE features in every order


Total Savings: $65

  • Outline$5
  • Amendments*$30
  • Title Page$5
  • Bibliography$15
  • Formatting$10


All formats are available

Our Discounts

Special price $5 /page

Get help with any kind of assignment - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation

Get help with any kind of assignment