The ultimate goal of reading is to obtain information. However, it is not always necessary to slowly indulge in the whole volume of text to achieve it. This is especially true when it comes to busy students having to go through numerous textbooks, lecture notes, and handouts on a weekly basis.
Luckily, there are active reading strategies used to improve the effectiveness of how you read and memorize the study material. Read ahead for detailed information on the most effective reading approaches compiled by Studybay!
What Is the Right Approach to Reading Textbooks?
There are three styles of reading textbooks: skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading. Which one to use depends on your learning goals and the deadlines you are facing. Let's take a look at each of them in detail.
Skimming is about going through the text by reading the headings and first sentences of paragraphs. There are three types of skimming:
- Preview is used for determining the need to read, such as when searching for material online or sorting emails. Read the first paragraph, the headings, and the first sentences of the following paragraphs.
- Overview is useful for getting a better understanding of the text without planning to proceed to in-depth studying of the material. In addition to doing the preview, pay attention to text structure and keywords.
- Review the text by briefly looking through it to refresh the information in your memory after having read it some time ago. Prepare to memorize as much as possible before going through the text and concentrate on the order of events and essential details - names, places, terms.
When using the scanning method, you don't have to read the entire text but rather look for a specific keyword or an answer to a question. This approach is perfect for the search of information in a book or an educational article.
Make sure you are aware of what exactly you are looking for. Think about how the information you are searching for may appear and browse the page without going into in-depth reading until you find out the keywords that sound relevant to your article or chapter questions.
This is the most time and effort-consuming reading style from the ones mentioned here. However, it is still a lot more effective and fast than a regular reading process! In-depth reading is a study strategy that allows you to focus on the parts of the text that are difficult to comprehend and understand the key terms and the author's ideas.
If outstanding reading comprehension is required for you not to fail the course assessment, it is wise to opt for an in-depth reading method. However, there is no one-fit-all solution when it comes to effective textbook reading.
The Best In-Depth Textbook Reading Strategies
Below, you will find a selection of four in-depth reading strategies that will be extremely helpful with your homework. Check them out and choose the one that fits best, depending on the specific task you've received.
Read - Imagine - Describe - Add
- Read a chapter or section.
- Imagine the events described as if in a movie or an animation.
- Describe what you've read in your own words while recalling the scenes you've imagined.
- Add details as you read.
The RIDA strategy engages the imagination, which is great for long-term memory. The trick is to imagine scenes while reading as vividly as possible. This method is fun and life-changing when it comes to studying literature and history lessons.
Read - Ask - Put
- Read through a paragraph or section. It is advisable not to read large volumes at once but rather divide the text into smaller parts for better memorization.
- Ask yourself questions about the passage you've read. What was it about? What are its main ideas? What is crucial to remember?
- Put the answers to those questions into your own words. At this point, note-taking is recommendable for the sake of future revision of the material.
The RAP strategy is based on retelling the content you've read and works miracles for in-depth studying of research papers and textbooks, especially when it comes to phrases or paragraphs challenging for comprehension.
Survey - Question - Read - Recite - Review
- Survey the material by pre-reading or skimming through the text and paying attention to the headings and figures.
- Question yourself on the keywords and subheadings you've noticed.
- Read the text thoughtfully, keeping in mind the review questions and trying to answer them.
- Recite by making notes after reading. Rely on the short-term memory that captured the key concepts throughout the reading process.
- Review the notes you've taken and add the information you might have missed out on before.
The SQ3R method is ideal for delving into massive reading assignments and encourages effective reading through previewing the material, questioning it, and taking concise notes.
Five "S" Method
Skim - Scan - Select - Slurp - Summarize
- Skim the text, including the table of contents and summary, if applicable. Briefly browse the material from the introduction to the end of the chapter, paying extra attention to the first sentences of each paragraph.
- Scan for the main points and answers.
- Select sections that deserve the most attention.
- Slurp the important paragraphs and read them attentively.
- Summarize what you've studied.
If you are in a bind preparing for the upcoming exam or test questions, this approach will help you filter out the most important information and memorize it effectively.
Effective Reading - One of the Most Useful Study Skills
Now that you are aware of some of the most effective textbook reading strategies, it is time to apply them in your studies. Follow our tips, do not hesitate to turn to our writing services, and watch how your academic performance improves!