Forensic science is a scientific field which is connected to the law. Forensic science is an amazing thing and its importance to humanity cannot be overestimated. It helps us a lot in modern life. It helps to solve problems and mysteries connected to crimes. Forensic scientists do collection and analysis during the investigation. Some of them go to the scene of crime to collect the evidences, others prefer to work in a laboratory. So if you have to not only collect evidence and to interview witnesses and suspects but to spend a lot of time in a lab. Work in a laboratory is extremely important nowadays and maybe it is even more important than work on the scene of crime. So let’s try to find out where this exciting science comes from.
A few words about forensic science in ancient times. In ancient there weren’t enough forensic practices which helped to find criminals, because of that most of criminal investigations relied on confessions and witnesses.
In 16th century in Europe a lot of doctors in universities and armies started to pay attention on cause and manner of death. Some writings on these topic began to appear in the 18th century. It might be well to point such names as Francois Immanuele Fodéré and Johann Peter Frank who wrote extremely important writings for forensic medicine.
In 18th century criminal investigation became based on evidence rather than on tortures and confessions connected with tortures. Belief in such things as witchcraft stopped playing the important role.
Henry Goddard was the pioneer in ballistics. He was first who noticed a flaw in the ballet which killed the victim in 1835. Since that time ballistics has become very important detail in the big mechanism called forensic science.
Anthropometry. The anthropological technique was firstly used by police officer Alphonse Bertillon. He created a system which was based on physical measurements. Before that time police could only identify criminals by name or photo. Bertillon also invented a lot of other useful methods and forensic techniques but most of his methods were supplanted by fingerprinting.
Fingerprints. The next brand new step in development of forensic science was the use of fingertips to identify criminal suspects. Sir William Herschel was the first man who wanted to use fingerprints in 1859/1860. This method was the most important at that time. Some years later first fingerprints bureaus were founded. Fingerprints were used for classification of criminal records.
Alec Jeffreys was the first man who used DNA profiling in forensic science in 1984. This method has become very significant to the police and forensic science. Because of this method a lot of criminals were caught.
So as you can see forensic science is an exciting science with very interesting history and it is still developing. We hope this piece of history was interesting for you.