How To Write a Thesis Conclusion

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Updated Oct 06, 2021
How To Write a Thesis Conclusion

By the conclusion of the thesis, the commission evaluates the student: his ability to use a theoretical and practical scientific base and formulate accurate and correct conclusions. A thoughtful and logical final section of the thesis characterizes the author of scientific work as a highly qualified expert with in-depth knowledge, assessing the research prospects, and using it in practice.

The final part of the research work should summarize and show the results obtained. This can be achieved by using special phrases, for example, "Analyzing the results obtained, one can summarize ...", "Thanks to the results obtained, the following conclusions can be drawn ...", etc.

The final part of the thesis should include all the necessary parts: these are logical conclusions based on the results of the tests carried out, specific solutions obtained in working on the questions posed during the thesis's writing. This is the section of the commission that carefully studies and pays special attention to it when defending. It is recommended to make this part of the scientific work more detailed than the introductory section.

What Is The Conclusion?

The conclusion of the thesis is the final product of the research work. In part, it is necessary to show what the student has achieved in the work course. It is essential to follow the logic of constructing a conclusion. The final part of the dissertation is as important as the introduction. Introduction and conclusion appear in semantic unity: at the beginning of the work, goals, and objectives are set, in the end - the results are summed up, and general conclusions are written.

The thesis's conclusion serves as the final chord and the most demanded element of the thesis research for reading. In conclusion, the student can show the skills of eloquence and possession of scientific knowledge. It is essential to understand that the presentation's brevity should be successfully combined with the presentation's completeness.

The thesis assumes a conclusion for each chapter, but the general results must be summed up precisely in the final part. It is necessary to assess the results obtained and their place in science and life. The conclusion may include several points that will characterize the solution of the tasks. It is essential to formulate new knowledge compared to the analyzed problem's actual knowledge and submitted for public protection.

How Long Is a Thesis Conclusion?

You need to maintain the volume of the summary of the thesis, which should remain sufficient to reflect the key results. Each educational level has its regulatory prescriptions that must be learned from the teacher. Usually, a dissertation conclusion takes 4-6 format sheets.

The central postulate, which invariably comes under control at any stage of the work's progress, remains a strict correspondence between the ending displayed in the final and the assigned tasks' points. In other words, the information provided in the last structural part of the work should serve as a response to the assigned tasks. At the same time, when writing conclusions, do not forget:

  • to reveal the scientific and practical value;
  • to display the factors acting on the research object;
  • to provide a concise analytical report on the most significant indicators for the topic under consideration;
  • to show the identified studies;
  • to describe the prospects for optimizing financial performance or the nature of the processes performed.

What Is The Aim Of a Conclusion?

The thesis's primary purpose is to summarize the research results, generalize and necessarily include recommendations for implementing the results obtained in practice. It is also essential to know that the commission members pay attention to the conclusion. Of course, they have enough time to study the whole dissertation and make an impression, but first of all, attention is paid to how competently the introduction and conclusion are drawn up.

If unsubstantiated and unreasoned conclusions are found, the impression of the thesis decreases. Sometimes, the conclusion is formal and contains general phrases or even theory elements fundamentally wrong. It shows that the author cannot draw general conclusions on the work, so they try to get off with general phrases.

To make it easier to compose the final part, you must formulate the ending after the main chapters or paragraphs. In the last part, it will only be necessary to summarize the information and draw a general conclusion on the dissertation. The conclusion should include the final results expressed differently than at the end of the chapters. Moreover, the sequence of the presentation should be precise and interdependent. It is impossible to rewrite the ending from the main text of the work point by point and consider that the section has been completed. The final part includes theoretical significance, relevance, and practical significance; the main endings are formulated, representing the research's novelty.

Closing Paragraph - Key Components

The final part has its features. When writing this part, you need to observe logical transitions. This can be done with key elements. We've outlined a sequence of critical elements below, so stick to the structure, and you can create the perfect thesis ending.

Main Ideas/Summary

The final part is essentially the result of the research carried out and contains conclusions and summaries. The final should not repeat the conclusions and generalizations from chapter to chapter. In conclusion, it is necessary to summarize the text for the entire work as a whole. It reflects that significant and new that distinguishes the work from previously performed research on the topic under consideration.

It should be borne in mind that the final part should not be reduced only to the repetition of the stated general conclusions and the synthesis of information accumulated in the central part of scientific research. The final part should assume scientific novelty. The construction of the scientific material usually builds summaries in the dissertation research.

Results: Answering The Research Question

The final part of the thesis research is supposed to provide a generalized final assessment of the work performed. The results must be logically and reasonably stated by the general purpose of the research and specific tasks and the hypothesis so that they have internal unity. Simultaneously, these points should conceptually coincide with the provisions submitted to the defense, formulated in the introduction.

Conclusions about the theoretical and practical significance of the research should confirm the depth of the student's knowledge, his horizons in the considered area of ​​research. The author's recommendations on using the research results are the author's characteristics as an expert who understood the issue under study and determined the prospects for using his recommendations in practice. Therefore, it is necessary, to present in conclusion all the leading solutions of the tasks set and reflect the scientific novelty of the research, the theoretical and practical significance of the work.

Weaknesses And Limitations

You may have found weaknesses in your research. In this case, you can compare the obtained data with those already available in science, highlight psychological features, explain the received data from the point of view of modern scientific theories in the context of the research goal, and point out the shortcomings.

Perhaps you will find inconsistencies in the data obtained using different methods. For example, when you study aggressiveness by polling, you will find that respondents are not aggressive, and when using observation, they are aggressive. Such discrepancies need to be identified and tried to be explained.

Impact/Future Research

The significance of the experiment for future researchers is described succinctly using the scientific style of the text. The form of use and documents confirming the possibility of the practical application must be indicated.

To explain the significance of future research, the author should follow the sequence in which he lists the methodological materials recommended for practice. The type of educational organization or the contingent of students for whom the recommendations are intended must be indicated.

Main Conclusion Strategies

Different strategies can be used to write the final piece. If you do not know anything about strategy for writing a conclusion, we have prepared them for you. Use any of the following, and your teacher will appreciate your creativity.

The Final "So what?" Strategy

Sometimes, when writing the final part, you need to answer the question, "so what?" You must explain the research's essence and show what you have come to thanks to the experiment. When do you use the "so what?" to write the final part you can add arguments in favor of the results. This strategy shows readers that you can argue a position and your words can be taken seriously. Also, answering this question confirms that the obtained experiment was a success and can be applied in practice.

Let's take an example of an article on how alcohol affects university students. The author of the article claims that alcohol consumption depends on the student's psychological state and not on the presence of alcohol. Therefore, the author will experiment and see the facts and results.

In conclusion, it can be argued that alcohol is not available at the university, and no one is promoting its use. Students are looking for it in other places from the fact that they have depression or psychological disorders. If you don't know if this strategy is worth pursuing, ask yourself the question: How does my argument affect how I approach the text or issue? "

The "Connecting To a Course Theme" Strategy

To apply a strategy called "connecting to a course theme," it is necessary to conclude the thesis's connection, topic, and course. You are proving that the previously written thesis was created for the course you are studying.

For example, consider an article by a student who is taking a geography course. His article is titled "The Inescapable South." The student conducts parallels, where he claims that the mother's strong attachment to the child can be displayed in the daughter's future. The child will never be able to leave the South because of the attachment to the mother.

Consequently, when conducting research, the author will check his assumptions and make sure this is true. In conclusion, it can be written that the student selected the topic and thesis exclusively from the direction of the course. The basis for writing was geography, and the student drew the main ideas from the course.

The "Complicating Your Claim" Strategy

To apply a strategy called "complicating your claim," you need to apply several additional resources in the conclusion that support your beliefs. These sources include new facts or evidence from authoritative writers that support your words. In other words, you should quote someone from the authors who wrote a similar article.

For example, we can consider a student's pack in which he describes Ireland's behavior during the Second World War and claims that she took the neutral side. In the study, the student learns that Ireland wanted to keep and confirm its sovereignty. A significant event was at stake. Ireland had its point of view on the war but abstained due to the country's situation. In conclusion, you can apply historical facts that claim that Ireland was under the significant influence of international diplomacy, and your claims were not empty words.

To determine if a given strategy is needed, you must answer the questions: "Can external sources confirm or deny what I said? Is there data that accurately describes the events? Can other writers challenge my beliefs?"

The "Posing a New Question" Strategy

To use the strategy called "posing a new question," you need to show the reader a new idea or a question that comes up while doing research.

For example, consider the article that Rapunzel's tale has several versions. The student claims that writers from Germany, Italy, and the Filipin wrote different stories in the Rapunzel fairy tale. The main differences include the characters' features, the plot's development, morality, and the ending, which subsequently contradict the original.

In conclusion, we can write that, based on historical data, the history of Rapunzel has a different subject of writing. This is indicated by the authors themselves, who rewrote the tale.

To ensure that a given strategy is right for you, you need to understand whether new questions or ideas may emerge during research. If your topic is narrow, then most likely not. If you cover a topic that many authors discuss, you will perhaps meet new views on the problem and apply them to research.

The "Addressing Limitations" Strategy

To apply a strategy called "addressing limitations," you need to look for weaknesses in your research, perhaps the shortcomings of the arguments presented. In conclusion, you can state that your thesis and arguments are not strong enough to support your belief. This strategy is used by mathematicians, chemists, biologists, and historians to refute any theory.

For example, consider an article by a student who claims a correlation between religious beliefs and support for terrorism. In conclusion, it can be pointed out that the two concepts have different purposes, and it is not correct to compare them. You can also indicate that your thoughts were not confirmed due to the lack of the necessary facts from authoritative sources.

To apply this strategy, you need to ask the following questions: "When conducting research, will I lack in arguments? When experimenting, can I conclude that the assumption is incorrect?"

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