For some reason, suppose you have decided to continue your studies at the next stage after a master's degree. In that case, it will not be superfluous to know that to enter doctoral studies and to find a source of funding, and you will have to write a research proposal. On several pages, the texts should succinctly and clearly describe their unique ideas and prove that the project is not just promising, but to some extent, can benefit society. If you manage to create a quality research proposal, you can be sure that there will be enthusiasts who are willing to help you financially.
Writing a research proposal is easy for people who know how an experiment is conducted. There are many formats for a research proposal template. However, the basic structure should contain an annotation, problem, problem background, methodology, expected results, and references.
For example, a thesis should be a paragraph that summarizes your research topic, what the subject of the data collection will be, how your data is expected to be collected, the analysis, and what you expect. Note that annotation breakdown will form the basis of the study. As you can see, to create this work, you need a lot of knowledge, and we are ready to help you with this.
Table Of Contents:
- What Does Research Proposal Mean?
- Research Proposal Format: Required Skills
- How to Build a Research Proposal Template Quickly?
- Title Page
- Literature Review
- Research Methods
- List of References
- Keywords For Research Proposal
What Does Research Proposal Mean?
The research proposal acts as a concise and logical summary of your research paper. It includes the main problems or questions that you intend to address. The proposal is the essential document that you submit in the context of the application process. This speaks to your ability to articulate complex ideas clearly. Brevity and a good knowledge of the topic also help in writing your proposal.
In other words, your research proposal is the framework on which the essence of your work hangs. This is not an alternative or a summary of your research paper. It is a document that a student, scientist, or researcher submits to present their ideas for a specific research topic that they want to explore in work. The primary purpose of the proposal is to present and justify the need to study a particular problem.
It would help if you remembered that, as a general rule, the supervisor would need a research proposal before you start developing the final document. So it's better to prepare everything in advance. It should include all the significant components of your potential research study.
Research Proposal Format: Required Skills
To properly build a research proposal, you need to have several skills. Make sure you have the right skills before starting work. If you notice that you do not have them, then do not be discouraged, because they can be easily developed.
General research skills are understood as the ability to see problems, ask questions, put forward hypotheses, define concepts, classify, observe, conduct experiments, draw conclusions and inferences, structure material, work with text, prove and defend one's ideas. Research skills are the ability and implementation to perform a set of operations to implement intellectual and empirical actions that constitute research activities and lead to new knowledge.
The following research skills can be developed:
- the ability to cover the whole problem;
- the ability to correctly set a research problem;
- the ability to evaluate methods for solving a given problem;
- the ability to plan research activities;
- the ability to look for the optimal solution to the task;
- the ability to implement the chosen research methods.
There are many more examples of such skills. To carry out research activities based on specific subject content, it is necessary to possess these skills. This means knowing the objects of this subject area, representing and using its methods, knowing the content of the area's essential concepts, and operating with them.
Critical Thinking Skills
Thinking critical is one of the best ways to analyze all the facts and come to a particular conclusion. To question any information is sometimes the only practical way to get to the bottom of the truth. Simultaneously, thanks to a variety of techniques and methods, practically everyone can develop critical thinking skills.
Critical thinking is the ability to think independently, reach everything with your mind, observe, reflect, notice, compare, analyze, and draw conclusions. A person with critical thinking skills is more efficient. He quickly learns new things, easily separates the main message from the flow of information, consistently structures his thoughts, quickly assimilates new material, and can give convincing and reasoned answers.
Those who think critically are more attentive to detail and do the job significantly more carefully. So, critical thinking skills imply the ability to:
- work independently;
- formulate questions;
- form your opinion;
- defend your opinion;
- to listen to someone's opinion;
- analyze someone's opinion;
- define personal priorities;
- get the information yourself;
- work with any information;
- classify information;
- consider your reaction to information;
- find and justify arguments;
- make independent conclusions;
- apply these findings in your life;
- develop self-education skills;
- make independent, informed decisions;
- predict the risks of their decisions;
- be responsible for your choice;
- develop a culture of dialogue.
Communication skills do not lose their value in the modern world, where technology allows you to get any knowledge via the Internet. Developed communication skills are necessary to conduct effective negotiations, speak in front of an audience, find a common language with the interlocutor, profitably sell a service, and create research. And in general, this skill is useful for the individual - thanks to the ability to communicate, a person can successfully interact with people and express himself.
If any communication skill is poorly developed for some reason, a person has difficulty communicating. Life experience allows us to accumulate knowledge and develop practical communication skills, but this is not enough for us in some situations. Communication skills are essentially the ability to communicate effectively. This is the ability to understand what the interlocutor means and be understood by him, negotiate, and achieve his goal through communication. This type of skill has many essential functions in personality development:
- Provides psychological comfort.
- Allows you to organize joint activities.
- It helps to assert itself, to realize oneself socially.
How to Build a Research Proposal Template Quickly?
To create the perfect template and bring the work to a literal, logical end, students need to acquire their academic advisor to help them throughout the project. It often happens that students cannot find a supervisor for a long time. A well-written research proposal can work in your favor even at the stage of candidate selection. If your chosen scientific topic is in the sphere of interests of one of the teachers, he may desire to be your leader. A well-designed research proposal shows that the applicant is ready to plan his work in the smallest detail. If you fail to find a scientific advisor, then do not get overwhelmed. You can use our research proposal example below.
Do you want to know how to write a proposal? Then start by creating a title page. It must contain the applicant's data, including name/surname, date of birth, nationality, and current contacts by which he can be contacted. Next, the working title of the study and the period for its potential implementation is written. It will not be superfluous to include the name of the prospective scientific advisor or the names of other professors with whom you plan to collaborate in writing your research.
Table of Contents And Abstract
You should try to fit the table of contents on one page, outline the research topic, and focus on the immediate attention. In such a limited area of ââpaper, you must clearly define the boundaries of the study. It is also necessary to clearly describe the goals you plan to achieve by creating your research. From here, the commission should glean information that your research is essential and worthy of time and perhaps even money.
The abstract is a summary of approximately 300 words. The abstract begins by identifying the field of research and the main issues that are of scientific or technological innovation value and which you intend to research. Based on this, you will briefly present your research hypothesis and the approach you will apply. Next, you outline the results to be achieved and designate how such results will be better than those existing in science. The abstract should be terse, clear, and substantive. Imagine that you are looking for financial support to conduct research, and business representatives can listen to you for no more than two minutes. Include the essential thing in the annotation and do it in the appropriate style.
The introduction justifies the relevance and explains what prompted you to choose this topic. Next, the research hypothesis, research questions, and goals are presented. The research question should cover the essence of the project, its subject focus, and an understanding of how you can contribute to the development of scientific knowledge. The preceding in the introduction should attract the reader's attention and interest, for which the introduction should be written in an understandable style, based on fundamental scientific knowledge.
The form of admission is arbitrary, but the following issues must be reflected in it:
- justification for the choice of the topic;
- assessing it in terms of relevance and importance;
- assessment of the level and nature of the development of the topic, the content of the problems that the author sees in this topic;
- the formulation of the goal and objectives of the study after the proposal.
A literature review is an essential and obligatory part of every scientific work. A literature review helps provide a theoretical basis for the study to assess the elaboration of the topic and justify the choice of the direction of research. A literature review can be included in the introduction or become an independent chapter of the scientist's scientific work.
The literature review is not a list of references used during the work on the article. It analyzes the literature used to formulate the main ideas, trends, and material to substantiate the study's theoretical basis.
However, it should be remembered that a list of references is not identical to a bibliography, i.e., not all material accumulated on the selected topic. This is a list of those works that the author attracted to develop and substantiate his argument within his scientific article's framework. And which, as a result, are cited in this scientific article.
In this section, you can describe the methods you will use to conduct your research. In addition to general scientific and special methods, as well as tools that are planned to be used in the process of implementing the research, in this section, it is desirable to justify:
- approaches to the formation of the research sample; ways of solving the tasks;
- ethical foundations of research;
- ensuring quality control of the study and the like.
List of References
The list of used literature should indicate the works studied by the author, for which a conversation on the content of the research proposal can occur. This list should include both fundamental scientific works and the latest publications on a selected topic in domestic and foreign literature. The literature used must necessarily be reflected in the research proposal through analysis and direct citation. Applicable standards compile the bibliographic descriptions of the sources for bibliographic and publishing.
Also, here you should list the primary sources you plan to use in creating a study. It will be beneficial if you mention other crucial scientific research on your topic, and in conclusion, write what you plan to bring to scientific activity after creating your work.
Keywords For Research Proposal
When any institution accepts your research study, the document is often registered in the database, where all securities are kept. For this reason, many universities and other institutions are directing to write keywords on the topic. In this way, they classify the paper into a specific scientific category. In the future, by searching for keywords, you can find research work.
Keywords play an essential role not only for scientific institutions but also for search systems. If you publish an article on the Internet, then other students enter any word on the topic into a search engine, they will be able to see the paper. Indeed before writing a sentence, you also searched for such words in information sources. This once again confirms that the presence of keywords is significant for the researcher. For a list, 5-10 keywords are enough.