Problem Statement Name Affiliated Institution Problem Statement Identification The first step in formulating a problem statement is identification of the problem. According to Heitner and Sherman (2014) a researchable problem implies that the problem has negative consequences to people is important to academic discipline and can be ameliorated. Based on this statement one way of identifying problems is through observation of the researcher’s environment. This includes keenly observing the problems affecting the institutions and people around the researcher such as schools hospitals family and friends. Heitner and Sherman (2014) are of the view to focus on a specific aspect of the problem yet retaining the importance of the general problem and taking care to still be relevant to the academic discipline. This step also involves concentrating on specific contexts and narrowing the scope of the study based on the available time and resources. In order to easily identify a researchable problem I will need support in the identification of relevant data and information about the problem. This is because a lot of time could go be spent on irrelevant data during problem identification and narrowing down. [...]
Formulating a Researchable Problem Statement Regardless of academic discipline, all studies begin with a problem that anchors and justifies the research purpose. Without a clear, documented, and compelling problem, the study will be of little importance or value to the field. Beginning this week, you will address several aspects of formulating a researchable problem. These aspects include: • Defining what a problem is and is not. • Identifying a problem in your field. • Narrowing the problem. • Documenting the problem. It is important to understand that a problem differs from a description of a situation, or a statement of fact or opinion. For example, "The United States has experienced a nursing shortage since the 1980s" (Brown, 2011) is a statement of fact, but it does not represent a problem. By contrast, "Hospitals have incurred high nurse turnover, which has compromised the availability and quality of patient care" (Brown, 2011) represents a problem because of the consequences associated with nurse turnover. Upon successful completion of this week, students will be able to: 1. Explain the importance of a clearly stated problem to a well-designed research study. (Aligns with CLO 4) 2. Propose a research problem suitable for doctoral research. (Aligns with CLOs 2, 4) 3. Conduct a self-assessment of learning progress on problem-statement formulation, including learning highlights and areas that lack clarity. (Aligns with CLO 7) Required Text Heitner, K. L., & Sherman, K. C. (2014). Dissertation field guide. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc Chapter 2: Formulating a Researchable Problem Statement Discussion 1 - Problem Statement Identification How does a researcher identify a problem that is suitable for doctoral research? In your discussion, explain the process of identifying a suitable problem, and support your assertions with source information and specifics from your readings. Discussion 2 - Reflective Discussion In your discussion, reflect on your learning about problem identification. As you think about what you have learned (and not learned), include answers to the following questions: • What were the highlights of your learning, including concepts and ideas that will help you identify a researchable problem? • What do you find challenging about identifying a researchable problem? • What additional information or support do you need to identify a research problem? ***Please keep discussion 1 and two separate.