Annotated Bibliography: Police Discretion and Excessive Force Name Institution Course Lecturer Date Annotated Bibliography: Police Discretion and Excessive Force Ariel B. Sutherland A. Henstock D. Young J. Drover P. Sykes J. ... & Henderson R. (2016). Report: increases in police use of force in the presence of body-worn cameras are driven by officer discretion: a protocol-based subgroup analysis of ten randomized experiments. Journal of Experimental Criminology 1-11. The article explores the effect of the body worn cameras that are worn by the police and their effectiveness in recording instances of excessive use of force by the police during law enforcement. Ariel tries to evaluate the officer discretion to activating the body worn cameras as they conduct their duties. The author uses criteria of establishing the integrity of the police officers by establishing groups through which officer complied to the use of the body worn cameras to record excessive use by police officers. Zimmermann B. L. (2011). Educational Level of Law Enforcement Officers and Frequency of Citizen Complaints: A Systematic Review. The article is a systematic review that evaluates the level of education for police officers in relations to the complaints filed by citizens. The author discuses the relations between education level and the ability of the police officers to effectively discharge their duties especially in regard to the use of force and police discretion. According to the author there is substantial empirical evidence to support that higher education plays a critical role in influencing a police officer’s altitude in against excessive use of force and inappropriate police discretion. The article is well-organized using extensive relevant literature making it a useful .resource for the project. The article comprises of detailed Meta analysis of organizations published and unpublished studies providing a bulk of information that is useful for this project. [...]
Project 2 is an Annotated Bibliography. The annotated bibliography must contain at least 15 valid scholarly sources. An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to scholarly books, articles, and documents which reference a specific topic. Each citation generally includes a brief description and evaluation paragraph of about 150 words: the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform a reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the cited sources.