Fall 2016 Environmental Chemistry Exam I General 1) Know the different levels of the atmosphere how the temperature changes in each region 2) Understand that sustainability must satisfy all three of environmental social and economic needs 3) Know the NAAQS pollutant or pollutants associated with each air pollution issue as appropriate. Think about why stratospheric ozone depletion doesn’t have a NAAQS benchmark. Stratospheric Ozone Depletion 1) Understand what wavelengths are filtered by what kind of molecules and where in the atmosphere the filtering takes place. What types of radiation penetrate to the earth’s surface? 2) What are the biological consequences (problems) of Ozone depletion? 3) Understand the properties of a catalyst 4) Understand the definition and importance of the Hadley cells and the other global air circulation cells. 5) For catalytic ozone depletion know Mechanism I Mechanism II in general and be able to give the steps and the the difference between a primary and secondary source of energy What are the arguments in favor of American energy independence? What are some of the challenges associated with oil and coal as fossil fuel energy sources? What are the challenges and advantages of carbon capture and sequestration? Understand some of the issues surrounding unconventional drilling and hydraulic fracturing (some of this will spill over into the next exam.) What makes a fuel renewable? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these fuels? Name some of the most common renewables. Why is hydrogen not necessarily a renewable fuel? What are its advantages and disadvantages? What is the argument in favor of biofuels? What is the argument against them? What is the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS?) What are the arguments for and against this standard? What groups will be on each side? What are the pros and cons of nuclear power? [...]
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