Criminological Theories: Traditional and Nontraditional Voices and Themes Student’s Name: Professor’s Name: Course: Date Due: 1. In the history of feminist criminology distinguish among the following: liberal feminists; Marxist feminists; radical feminists. How have these three overwhelmingly “white” feminisms gradually joined with that of women of color to analyze the triple oppression of race class and gender? The liberal feminist theorists advocated equality of all individuals through fundamental liberty and equality. Therefore the liberal feminist advocates that there should be not only equal opportunities but also the freedom to make a choice for women. Their main concern was the unequal women’s rights regarding both education and employment on the basis of sexist attitudes and prejudgments (Moyer 2001). According to the liberal feminists discrimination is unsystematic and through affirmative action equality can thus be attained. Marxist feminists on the other hand reject the liberal feminist's belief that genuine equality is achievable. the suggestion that the systems ought to nurture as well as protect the young offenders in the bid to create and maintain peace. Martin Luther King Jr moved to Alabama where he became a pastor after his marriage. Martin Luther was in Montgomery Alabama when the issue of black segregation was rampant. There emerged the civil rights movements in an attempt to bring about the integration of the blacks. Luther led various boycotts such as bus boycotts. After several boycotts the Supreme Court declared that the bus segregation laws were unconstitutional. The eradication of segregation also occurred in regard to eating at the sit-in counters as well as the hiring of the blacks in the stores. All these can thus be referred to as the significance attained by the non-violent peacemaking protest especially those led by Gandi and Martin Luther. References Moyer I. (2001). Criminological theories. Sage: Thousand Oaks. [...]
Chapter 9 (Feminist Criminology) and Chapter 10 (Peacemaking Criminology) 1. In the history of feminist criminology, distinguish among the following: liberal feminists; Marxist feminists; radical feminists. How have these three overwhelmingly “white” feminisms gradually joined with that of women of color to analyze the triple oppression of race, class, and gender? 2. Discuss how negative stereotypes of race/ethnicity, class, and gender are reflected in the criminal justice system. How can racism in the system be reduced or at least combated? 3. Summarize the cultural and historical background for peacemaking in criminology as found in the perspectives of Mahatma Gandi, Jane Addams, and Martin Luther King, Jr. What is the significance of nonviolent protest, especially for Gandi and King?