Student’s name Professor’s name Course details Date of submission Community policing Evolution of community-oriented policing Community-oriented policing was developed to bridge the way the police used to handle the public in times of crisis. The poor relationship that existed between the police and the community had let to the development of hostility of the public towards the police where they attacked the police whenever they wanted to address their concerns on various societal problems. The reform era in government accompanied with transformation towards professionalism which was experienced in the early 1900s led to the separation of the relationship between the police and the community (Community Policing Consortium 5). The centralized form of control which was made to ensure a standardization of services and minimization of corruption increased the disparity between the community and the police. This was because traditionally the police used to dictate the community a situation which the implementation process since it is a long-term process (Community Policing Consortium 53). Leadership is also crucial in the expansion of policing services. Transformational leadership is very effective in the sustainability process (Kappeler &Gaines 209). Police leaders should enhance joint efforts with other relevant parties to increase the sustainability of the process (Community Policing Consortium 53). The police leaders should have a vision which provides an effective sense of direction which must be communicated to the parties involved. They must also have charisma in order to inspire and motivate the other parties to attain the set objectives. Lastly the leader must have symbolism to which are inform of noticeable vestiges for the new direction (Kappeler &Gaines 210). Works cited Community Policing Consortium. "Understanding community policing: A framework for action." Washington DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance (1994). Kappeler Victor E. and Larry K. Gaines. Community policing: A contemporary perspective. Routledge 2012. (Kappeler &Gaines) [...]
Answer both questions in 4-5 paragraphs using ONLY the provided source materials. Explore each question. Use cited material to support you own conclusions and opinions. Support your argument. Question 1.) What is the history of Community Oriented Policing? a. Describe and explore the factors that lead to change in law enforcement. Consider the social, economic and political factors. b. Discuss the effectiveness of police-community relations programs implemented by police beginning in the 1950s and 1960s c. Describe the five interrelated pressures that shifted policing from an informal to a formal system. Question 2.) What is the role of strategic planning in the implementation of community policing? a. Discuss the mechanisms available to police administrators that can enhance communication with the community b. Discuss the role leadership plays in moving a department to community policing.