Answers to Four Questions Student’s Name University of Affiliation Answers to Four Questions Chapter 9 Question 2 Once the offenders have been incarcerated for a given time the prediction of their likelihood to re-offend in the future is made based on their past records and behaviors as they are in prison. There are those juvenile delinquents who are predicted to be dangerous in the future after being released from prison. However such juveniles turn out to be friendly and not repeat the crimes they did before. Such a prediction is called false positive because the offender who was predicted to be dangerous in future do the contrary. On the other hand there are those offenders who are predicted to not indulge in the same crime in the future due to who were staying at home (Merlo et al. 2016). Today these centers have been continued to the US jurisdictions. Their main functions include overseeing fee collection supervising treatment programs and taking other responsibilities such as substance use counseling and testing. They have also expanded the field of services to the youths who are susceptible to delinquents. The major goals of the day reporting centers include; providing access to services and treatment equipping juveniles with rational and relevant skills and education and reducing the dependence on juvenile detention court appearances. The day reporting centers also reduce crowding in the institution build the political support and protect the public from unnecessary offenses. Reference Merlo A. V. Benekos P. J. & Champion D. J. (2016). The juvenile justice system: Delinquency processing and the law. [...]
Chapter 9: The Adjudicatory Process: Dispositional Alternatives 1. What types of risk assessment devices exist to evaluate the dangerousness of juvenile offenders? How do they differ from needs assessments instruments? 2. Define false positives and false negatives. How do such designation occur? 3. What is meant by selective incapacitation? How can selective incapacitation be used to reduce the number of juvenile incarcerations? Explain. 4. Identify three types of prediction devices? Define each. Which is more effective and why? 5. What are Violent Juvenile Offender Programs (VJOPs)? What are their functions? Chapter 10: Nominal Sanctions: Warnings, Diversion and Alternative Dispute Resolution 6. How does are nominal dispositions distinguished from conditional and custodial dispositions? What are some variations of nominal dispositions? How effective are they at reducing recidivism of disposed juveniles? 7. What is diversion? What are some of the eligibility requirements of prospective candidates for diversion? What are some of the benefits and limitations of diversion? 8. What is a teen court? Who are teen court members? What is alternative dispute resolution? 9. What are day reporting center? What are some of their goals and functions?