The Ecology of Lichens Student’s Name Institution Abstract Lichens are common organisms on earth. They are found on diverse surfaces including human-made surfaces such as gravestones rocks and trees. A lichen is essentially a combination of two organisms an alga and fungus which co-exist for survival purposes. Lichens are known for their ability to survive in environmental conditions that are hostile to the majority of other organisms. They also produce numerous unique chemicals that serve diverse purposes in their environment such as protection. Lichens play several crucial ecological roles. They fixate nitrogen improve soil fertility and are a source of food. However despite their essential ecological role there is a continued decline in their population due to destructive human activities. The Ecology of Lichens Lichens are the crusts and patches that we see clinging to rocks soil trees barks and most of our natural areas. They mostly appear red Pollution.146: 293–298. Brodo I.M. Sharnoff S. D. and Sharnoff S. (2001). Lichens of North America.Yale University Press New Haven and London. Debolt A. M. Rosentreter R. and Martin E. P. (2007). Macrolichen Diversity in Subtropical Forests of North-Central Florida. Bryologist 110: 254–265. Kärnefelt I. Seaward M. & Thell A. (2012). Systematics biodiversity and ecology of lichens. Stuttgart: J. Cramer. Nash III T.H. (ed.) (2008). Lichen Biology. Cambridge University Press U.K. Sipman H.J.M. and Aptroot A. (2001). Where are the Missing Lichens? Mycological Research 105 (12):1433–1439. Shukla V. Upreti D. K. & Bajpai R. (2014). Lichens to biomonitor the environment. Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment. doi.org Wolseley P. A. and AguirreHudson B. (1997). The Ecology and Distribution of Lichens in Tropical Deciduous and Evergreen Forests of Northern Thailand. Journal of Biogeography. 24:327–343. World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC). (1992). Global Biodiversity Status of the Earth's Living Resources. Chapman and Hall. London. [...]
The minimum 1500 words max is 1700, add 4 references so total 7 references, it needs to be only 6 body paragraphs so connecting some paragraphs would be great and a total of 8 paragraphs. Apa style. check grammar and misspelling, please.