The convergence and divergence not only represent different ways in which the International HRM is conducted but also shows different traditions by which HRM is explored.
Convergence and divergence can also be explained as Universalist and contextual paradigm. Universalist paradigm specializes in the management of HRM across various national borders. This is the human resource methods and guidelines can be transferred from one country to some other by thinking that those which worked well in one country will continue to work in the other country as well. On the other hand, the contextual paradigm contributes to the need of considering all the organisational internal and exterior factors. The divergence HRM compares systems of 1 country with the other country and then identifies similarities and distinctions then forms the antecedents from those distinctions.
Identifying the cross-business synergies within the organization throughout its history
According to the research study, Nestle replicated its dairy district model that was primarily launched in Switzerland to ensure sufficient milk supplies in 1870s and modified it by adding value to it and facilitating the option of the product over the continents, example, Latin America, Asia, Caribbean, African and Inner Mongolia. This shows that the company acknowledged that choices differs across continents and by adding value to the original product (milk) to make it user friendly and available in other continents signifies a synergy which was created and captured.
Another important cross-business synergy in the history of the business is the Research and Development, R&D.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was created on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington Massachusetts, to Alfred Du Bois and Mary Silvina Burghardt. His father deserted him and his mother when he was 2 yrs old and grew up solely by his mother. He was created into a racially mixed town and his family was apart of the free black population which could own land. So he was never fully subjected to what live was like growing up with the Jim Crow Laws and being separated. Then attends Great Barrington SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL and help his mom works as a correspondent for NY Age, the New York Globe, and the Springfield Republican. He graduated top of his class and wins a scholarship to a predominately black university called Fisk University. Next he gets a summer job teaching in school districts of Rural Tennessee which exposes him to the reality of the Jim Crow Laws and it sparks his desire for civil rights.