Name Professor Course Date A Statement on the Poems The Butterflies and Dream and Poetry by Hu Shih The Butterflies In the poem ‘The Butterflies’ Hu Shih uses a simple language that allows for the observation of the emotional expression which is captivating to the attention of children. He uses the words ‘lonely and pitiful’ and ‘too lonely a place’ to reveal the romantic connotations of the poem. Shih uses the words in this poem selectively to illustrate the fact that this poem does not entail only friendship but it’s about separation anxiety. This poem can be interpreted differently from different perspectives depending on the author’s background of having studied overseas. For instance in one context the color ‘yellow’ can be interpreted as a symbolic representation of more of a prose than a poetic line. This depicts Hu Shih’s experimentation in his quest for transforming poetry. He developed a hybrid writing system for poems that involve some parts of the poem being clearly poetic and others appearing to be prose. ‘Dreams and Poetry’ clearly indicates the extreme shift from classical language to poetic empiricism that is poems based on the author’s personal experiences. This is evidenced in the easily understandable language he uses. Also the message of the poem is direct repetitive and it is made up of a very clear language. The lines ‘you can never write my poem’ and ‘I can never dream your dreams’ are clear in their literal meaning and demonstrate the simplicity of the language in Shih’s revolutionary poetry. [...]
Require Literature of China Paper Two These papers should be between two and three pages long, typed, incredibly well-edited, and very specific. Use no more than two passages (unless the topic has conflicting directions), and by passage I mean from a paragraph to a page long. If you intend to use an entire page for your passage, attach it separately to the paper and only quote from it when necessary. By the way, you will only write on one of the following topics. Your papers should have a clear thesis statement and a conclusion to suggest how your examples work within the text as a whole (unless stated otherwise). You will be writing about works from The Big Red Book of Modern Chinese Literature (any of our readings including and since Dai Wangshu of Feb. 21). If appropriate, you may draw on the primary documents and political science documents we have read. Choose two poems by one author that you found to be beautiful/interesting/moving. Make a statement about the two poems’ meanings/style/affect/theme(s), using the specific words/images/metaphors/ and (or) stanza shapes to support your statement. These papers should be in MLA format. Material: A leader of the New Culture Movement, Hu Shih was born in Shanghai in 1891. In 1910 he went to America to study agriculture at Cornell University, but soon switched his major to philosophy and literature. After graduation, he pursued a doctoral degree in philosophy at Columbia University and became a lifelong follower of John Dewey’s Pragmatism. In 1917 Hu published “A Modest Proposal for the Reform of Literature,” in which he proposes to replace classical Chinese with vernacular Chinese as a literary language, thereby breaking the tyranny of the classics. His book Experimental Verses, published in 1920, was the first volume of poetry written in vernacular Chinese. A key figure in twentieth century literature and scholarship, Hu also served as China’s ambassador to the United States (1938–42), Chancellor of Peking University (1946–48), and president of the Academia Sinica in Taiwan, where he died of a heart attack in 1962. The Butterflies Two yellow butterflies In pair fly to the skies; I don’t know why One suddenly returns Leaving the other one Lonely and pitiful. It too has no heart to fly into the skies, For heaven is too lonely a place. Dream and Poetry All is commonplace experience, All is commonplace impression. By chance they rush into a dream They are transformed into many new patterns. All is commonplace sentiment, All is commonplace word, By chance they meet a poet They are transformed into many new poems. Only after being drunk does one know the wine is strong, Only after having loved does one know the depth of love. You can never write my poems, I can never dream your dreams.