Policy Issues Name Institution Professor Course Date Introduction The transcript of the video explains about a father who had a second wife but they fought a lot even in front of the children leading to the father portraying hatred towards not only the wife but the children till it resulted to attempted murder leaving the children traumatized and the father jailed. Most of the issues uprising come from within self and then directed to others just like the video suggests issues like domestic violence stirs up from one partner or person then directed to others so this is a personal crime since it involves a behavior portrayed from one person’s feelings from within to another. The casual factors portrayed in this video were involvement of therapist since the children were traumatized also the involvement of the authorities since a crime was committed also medical attention which was vital since those families facing violence it’s not wise for us to be quiet rather for us to be our own brothers’ keepers and considering taking the next step of reporting this to the law because it’s the right thing to do. Consider your neighbor's children yours because it is the best thing to do. Violence is cowardliness so all who read this should hearken to it and act. Violence is no longer the safe way out there are so many formulas and methods so let us arise from the culture of violence avoid unwanted consequences later in life and let us resolve each other’s weaknesses with love and consideration. References Akers R. L. (2011). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and deviance. Transaction Publishers. Hirschi T. (2004). Self-control and crime. Vohs K. D. & Baumeister R. F. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of self-regulation: Research theory and applications. Guilford Publications. [...]
Write a 1050- to 1400-word paper addressing the selected topic of your choice. Within your paper, be sure to address the following elements: • Was the content of your video a personal crime, property crime, or policy issue? • What causal factors were addressed in the video? • What policy implications or recommendations were provided in the video to address the crime? • Were budgetary or financial issues discussed in the video? If so, elaborate. • What future implications were discussed in the video? • What other content-specific information is relevant to your selected video? • What basic elements of the crime served as the basis for your selected video? • What criminological theory or theories best explains the occurrence of this crime or issue? Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Here is the transcript of the video: [MUSIC PLAYING] One of the mysteries of the OJ Simpson case is what, if anything, did the children witness. Did Sydney or Justin Simpson hear anything that night? Had they ever seen the violence that was part of their parents' relationship? Well, the possibility spotlights one of the most tragic aspects of domestic violence, how the children are affected. Recently, I spent some time with some children of battered women. And in their heartbreaking stories, there is a powerful lesson. When men abuse women, what happens when the kids are watching? [INAUDIBLE]. It's early Monday morning, 4:00 AM. Some possible family trouble 70, a lot of yelling. The other person supposedly hung up the phone. Boston police respond to a 911 call. Darlene says she has a restraining order and he’s climbing in the window. Family trouble, one of over 200 domestic disputes the cops in this precinct see each month. What are you doing down here? She called me over here. So what? You're supposed to stay away. These officers are going to arrest this man for violating his restraining order. He was trying to break into the home where his ex-girlfriend lives with their son. Why are you doing this for? I've had it with you, all right? See you. After a long night of arguing, she finally called the police. We got to take you, pal. He'll spend the night in jail. She can fall asleep without fear, knowing he won't be coming back. Now he's gone. You're drunk. And you got your kid here. But what about their three-year-old son? What are his fears? What is he feeling? Time and time again, he has watched his parents come to blows. His father spent six months in jail for assaulting his mother and the police have been called to his home 20 times in the last year. How much more can you take? I love him. How does a little boy begin to understand what he's witnessed, and what will happen to him and the millions of children just like him? I love my mommy and my daddy. Children living with domestic violence. I wasn't downstairs. I was in my room. And what did you hear? Fighting. He was bad. He was bad? Was he bad to you? No, he was bad to you. He said he'll kill my mom first and then he'll kill us. I'm always afraid of him because you know why? He’s always bad to my mom and he always makes her sick. Like veterans of war, all of these children have witnessed torture and terrorism. But their war zone is not in some far off country. It's in their own homes. My mother was screaming. She was crying. It was in this home, almost a year ago, that Betsy Pagan's children woke to the terrifying screams of their mother pleading for her life. He was stabbing me. He was telling me, die. I hate you. Why did you leave me? I hate you. I hate you. I was like, please don't kill me. Please don't kill me. That’s when the kids heard me. You had been asleep. And what did you hear? Screams. Fighting. When I went in, the bed was bloody and the rug had blood on it. He was on top of my mother, and he was just stabbing her. What did you do then? Well, I saw the blood, so I called 911. Jean, Marino, and Betsa had seen their mother and their stepfather fight and argue for years. They were all relieved when her mother finally broke up with him. No one thought he would try to kill her. I was covered with blood. I had lost so much blood. And that's when I saw Betsa. She jumped on him from the back and she pulled him off from me and throw him on the floor. I was saying, oh my God, please don't let her die. And she was already on top of me with her body covering mine to save me. She was like, please don't kill my mommy. Please don't do this to my mommy. And when I saw he was ready to come and stab her, I just push her out the way. And that's when he stabbed me right on my chest. You punctured a lung too, didn't you? You got a stab wound in the heart? Yeah. Betsy Pagan counted 18 stab wounds on her body. She spent eight months recuperating at the Casa Myrna Shelter for Battered Women. Her ex-boyfriend is in prison for attempted murder. OK, big man. But her children still don't feel safe. The memory of that night haunts them. They must be deeply scarred by this and worried about you. Yes, they are. And what are some of the effects? They woke up at night and go in my bed and they used to shake me up. Mom, mom, you OK? To see if I was breathing. Because they were worried. Sometimes I'd wake up and I have my kids with there head in my heart to see if I was alive. If you've seen something terrifying happen to a parent or a loved one, you are going to carry with you a fear that it will happen again. Betsy McAlister Groves is a therapist who runs the Child Witness to Violence project at Boston City Hospital. Children may become more distractable, more anxious, sometimes more aggressive. We also see behavioral changes in the other direction, that children may become more passive, may look depressed, may look preoccupied, may not play spontaneously anymore. We’ve seen sleep disturbances in children. Children who witness a terrifying event have trouble sleeping. They may have nightmares. They may wake frequently at night. Experts agree that all of these symptoms are associated with post traumatic stress syndrome. That's a psychiatric disorder more commonly used to diagnose soldiers in combat. And just like veterans of war, witnessing domestic violence evokes terror, anxiety, and flashbacks in these children. I know it's a tough thing to think about, but do you think you'll ever be able to forget about it? No. You think it'll always be with you? Sometimes when I'm doing nothing, just laying down or just sitting down, watching TV or something like that, it just pops in my mind. I see his face. And I see him stabbing my mother and me jumping on him, pushing him. If I hadn't called 911, my mother should be dead. If he hadn't called 911, his mother would have died. Those thoughts still terrorize nine-year-old Gene. And the youngest, Lulu, won't even speak about what she witnessed that night. All of the children received counseling at the battered women's shelter, and the boys are continuing therapy in school. They say they are healing. The counselor in my school is helping me take it out of my mind. Why would it be bad if it got back to your mind? I'll be dreaming about it. The fear of dreams turning into nightmares makes bedtime really difficult for children who've been exposed to domestic violence. Two-year-old Genesis screams like this every night. She and her four siblings all witnessed their father's violent behavior for years. He's in jail now for going after their mother with a machete. I'm going kick somebody's butt. But it is five-year-old Pedro's aggressive behavior that worries his mother the most. He's been kicked out of one school, has been involved in street fights, and seriously injured a child with a brick. He is currently being treated at the Child Witness to Violence project. Children who are too young or too afraid to talk about their fears are encouraged to use play and art therapy to express themselves in order to heal. I want to be a good daddy. Four-year-old [INAUDIBLE] drew this picture of a monster for his counselors. He says the monster is his father, and[INAUDIBLE] is afraid he'll kill the family with the knife he's holding. He says it reminds him of the loud and bumpy sounds he heard one night. I thought that was a monster, and that was a monster noise, I thought. But that wasn't. That was my dad. He has wild monster noises. He has a bad attitude at people. [INAUDIBLE] eight-year-old sister, Jasmine, drew this. Her counselor says her thoughts are red because they symbolize violence, but the knife has a window in it, showing a way out. I'm afraid that he might find us some day and kill us. After 11 years in a violent marriage, Bhupinder Coller fled with her three children. They are now in hiding. But the judge is forcing the children to have supervised visits with their father once a week at a neutral location. I think my father is not very nice. He is abusive. I don't want to see him. And what I think is, why does he have to be that way? Why can't he be like everyone else? Until you read the girls' Christmas lists, you really can't understand the loss of innocence for these children. Jasmine’s top three wishes are to never see her father again, never in her lifetime. And the request that most little girls make, like a plea for more Barbie dolls, is listed far below. Sumit talks about how she used to feel lying in bed at night, listening to her parents fighting. I'd feel like I might throw up. I'd feel sick. And I'd feel like my heart's in my mouth, like I'm eating it, and that I'll die. That's what I used to think. It's hard to hear the stories from children. It's hard to know that our youngest children live, sometimes, with such danger and such chaos. Remember the young boy we met earlier? The police referred the family to the Child Witness to Violence project. Betsy Groves will contact the family and offer them counseling and support services in the hope that the little boy won't grow up to become a batterer like his father. [SINGING] Betsa Pagan just celebrated her 13th birthday. Make a wish. Go on. Betsa told us that she feels good because she knows she's safe now. But she also feels bad because of what she had to go through. Things like that just don't go away so easily, she says. I love you. And later that night, her brother, Marino, proved that to be true. Marino, what's going on, baby? When his dreams once again woke him. Hey. Remember? Remember what I always say to you? No? We are safe here. So nothing is going to happen to us. It's over. It's over, all right? OK, honey? OK. Poor babies. They're safe. It's not surprising that this trauma lasts with them. But what is surprising was something that you brought up, that some of these children, especially the males who have seen their mothers being battered, go on to become batterers themselves. Isn't it amazing? Possibly because children need someone to imitate to know how to cope with life. And if the role model is improper, it will result in the child becoming a batterer. Because it's the only role model they saw, no matter what. Exactly. And the best experts agree that merely seeing and hearing violence like that is as traumatizing as being the target of abuse. And not every child has the kind of therapy that was talked about. No, would that they had. Some of these children will make it, I think. Must have been haunting for you to do this. Was.