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Quantitative Research Design/ Getting Started

Please write an outline similar to the posting below to avoid plagiarism using the same text reference at the bottom of the post: (The class will discuss Chapters 7 and 8 using the round robin method. The outline post is due by 11:59 pm) Quantitative Research Design/ Getting Started Chapter seven is based around the subject of quantitative research. This type of research begins to examine the relationship amongst more than one variable. “In this chapter we look at developing a testable hypothesis, the difference between correlation and causation, cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, and group research designs” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p.111). It is import to examine what quantitative research has to do with social work. Once that has been assessed, you can look at it through the lens of ethical considerations. Chapter two focused on ethical considerations. The primary principle of ethical considerations dealt with making sure no harm is cast upon human subjects. Anonymity and confidentiality are also a part of protecting human subjects so no harm may happen while taking part in a research project. The literature review process can start once the above have been considered. There are three questions researchers must identify when performing their literature reviews (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014). These are as listed from the book: "What is known about the subject? What research has been conducted to date? What has been discovered thus far" (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 112)? "What level of knowledge exists? Are we at a level that suggests exploratory studies are needed (because little is known about something)? Or has enough information been acquired that we can draw some tentative conclusions (i.e., conduct descriptive research)" (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 112)? "Have enough studies been published that we can begin to postulate research questions about the relationships between variables (i.e., conduct explanatory research)? Moreover, do the studies agree or disagree on how one variable influences another variable or even which variables are important" (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 112)? It is important for researchers to ask the questions listed above. These questions provided them with the necessary information to form a great study (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014). Developing a Testable Hypothesis A hypothesis is statement that is able to be tested by examining the relationship between more than one variable. This section focuses on the establishment of research hypotheses in regards to quantitative research. Researches that are working on a research hypothesis examine existing literature. “Quantitative research is deductive; that is, it is driven by the findings of other studies (either qualitative or quantitative) and what is already known” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 112). Research hypotheses should never be on one’s opinion. They should be guided by other research information (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014). What Is Descriptive Research? Descriptions in quantitative research versus qualitative research is not the same in design. Qualitative research description allows the readers to better understand the phenomenon participants have experienced. This type of description allows the reader to understand the participant’s experiences from the participant’s personal experience. “In qualitative research, one of several nonstandardized methods, or informal methods of collecting data, such as the use of broad and open-ended questions (recorded for accuracy) or a journal or field notes, may be used to do this” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p.113). Variables and conditions of phenomenon’s are examined by the use of descriptive research. There are several ways quantitative methods can be used in research such as correlation which can look at the interactions among variables. Another method used in quantitative research is surveys. Surveys observe the status quo of a research issue. Quantitative research methods organize descriptive data by various ways of collection such as surveys or case records (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014). Correlation versus Causation Quantitative research takes a look at the relationship among existing variables as well as the type. A causal relationship is considered when one variable is making the second variable change. Correlation relationship in research examines how the two variables are connected. “A change in one variable may be associated with some degree of change in the other variable” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 114). Correlation does not mean one variable caused the other to change what happened to the other variable. There are three conditions that make up a causal relationship. These are as listed below: "(1)The independent variable must come before the dependent variable (known as temporal ordering), (2) the independent and dependent variables must be correlated, and (3) the impact of another variable cannot explain the correlation between the independent and dependent variables" (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 114). If one of these conditions are missing it can effect possibility of causation. It is important to rule out other possibilities for particular outcomes in order to ensure there is a possibility of causation. On top of this, temporal ordering must be established. “One truism in research is the axiom “Correlation does not imply causation”” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 114). When two variables have correlations this does not necessarily mean one caused the other (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014). I find the simple spelling of quantitative and qualitative make it confusing for me. I really have to think about the definitions. “Quantitative research. A field of research that is used when a sufficient amount of information has been acquired that the researcher can develop hypotheses about what is being studied” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 243). “Qualitative research. A field of research that is largely exploratory but can also involve the use of descriptive methods; employed when little or nothing is known about a subject or phenomenon” (Faulkner & Faulkner, 2014, p. 243). I feel this chapter did do a decent job of giving me a better introduction on this topic. I still think I will have to really stop and think through which word belongs to which definition. Reference Faulkner, S. S., & Faulkner, C. A. (2014). Research Methods for Social Workers A Practice-Based Approach (Second). Chicago, Illinois: Lyceum Books, Inc.
Please write an outline similar to the posting below to avoid plagiarism using the same text reference at the bottom of the post: (The class will discuss Chapters 7 and 8 using the round robin method. The outline post is due by 11:59 pm) Quantitative Research Design/ Getting Started Chapter seven is based around the subject of quantitative research.
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41757
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CREATED ON
September 12, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 13, 2016
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$30
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