Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Preview on Thomas S. Kuhn The author gives a detailed view of what scientific revolutions are their nature and their function in scientific development. The author also goes on to justify why a change in a distinct set of concepts paradigm should be considered a revolution in light of the several contrasts between political and scientific development and that parallelism qualifies a revolution in both political and scientific development. He begins by describing scientific revolutions as non-cumulative advancement where an older concept is partly or fully replaced by a new one which is not compatible to the old one. This means that a scientific revolution is not based on an old science concept but rather a new concept says that to save theories this way their scope of utilization must be limited to those areas of application and to that accuracy of perception with the test of how it manages to prove right. The limitations that should be put will prohibit scientists from claiming to speak scientifically about a concept already observed. The three actions suggested by writers is an attempt to find a way people can develop right attitude and settled mind over issues which provides satisfaction and happiness. The author states that commitment to a paradigm should take place for without commitment there could be no normal science. Thomas urges that it should be taken for granted that the difference between successive paradigms is both necessary and irreconcilable. [...]
After reading the assignment and using the tools you will learn from Adler’s book, you will be identifying the author’s KEY POINT, i.e. what it is that the author wants you to understand (not merely to know) that you may not have understood or believed before? This “point” of the reading will necessarily come down to a set of answers to one or more of the “basic philosophical-religious questions” (BPRQs) – always, in one way or another, directly or indirectly. These are the questions to which every human being must have some sort of answer in order to make choices in life. They are: 1) What is the nature of the universe? 2) What is the nature of man? 3) Therefore, what must we do to be happy? Hence, to ensure that you score a good grade on your previews do the following: Structure your Previews by writing three paragraphs, each one corresponding to one of the three BPRQs. That is, 1) What is the nature of the universe, that is, the author’s big idea, main point, or worldview? 2) What is the nature of man? 3) Therefore, what must we do to be happy? Each paragraph will be graded according to the following three categories: A) Essential Point – What is the author’s thesis (state or implied answer to the BPRQ)? B) Essential Text – What text supports the author’s answer? In this section you will need to quote from the text. C) Logical Analysis – How exactly does the author argue for this answer? The average of all nine grades will be the overall Preview grade, but you will be able to see the three grades for each paragraph so that you will know exactly where points were deducted and how you may improve. A good preview will be grammatically and stylistically sound. It should NOT be dictated, but revised, structured, and edited. I will post a sample for you to get an idea. Previews should be around 650-750 words in length, not counting extend quotations, and are to be submitted to the Turnitin Dropbox for the designated week, where you will receive comments and grades. Make sure that you see my comments on the turnitin. If you see my comments, I will know that. If you don’t, I will know that as well. It is important that you see my comments because you would want to know and develop writing practices that are helping you score and shun those that aren’t necessary.