The Exclusionary Rule Student’s name Professor Course Date The Exclusion Rule Exclusionary rule and the purpose of the court creating it. The exclusionary rule is a special legal rule that is often applied in courts of law to subvert the illegally seized evidence given by the police during trials (Re 2014). The exclusionary rule is used with the aim of protecting the constitutional right. The main purpose of court creating exclusionary rule was to help to inform and shape all legal processes with an ultimate goal of obtaining procedural fairness to the people being presented in courts as lawbreakers (Re 2014). The law also plays a great deal in helping to defend people rights as well as civil liberties. It also aids to ensure that legal procedures are correctly executed according to the provisions of the law. Whether I agree with the court if exclusion rule is needed. Yes as the hot spot of criminal activities recording 80% of crime. On the other side the southern part has only 20% of the criminal cases. Therefore few patrol resources should be allocated in the area. However since the southern part is the area with the highest income rates it should also have some considerable amount of patrol resources to help suffocate the few cases and to prevent any potential criminal cases from occurring. Reference Den Heyer G. (2014). Examining police strategic resource allocation in a time of austerity. Salus Journal 2(1) 63. Farmer D. J. (2013). Crime control: The use and misuse of police resources. Springer Science & Business Media. Re R. M. (2014). The Due Process Exclusionary Rule. Harvard Law Review 1885-1966. Wilson J. M. & Weiss A. (2014). Police staffing allocation and managing workload demand: a critical assessment of existing practices. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 8(2) 96-108. [...]
Assignment 1: The Exclusionary Rule In 1961, the US Supreme Court rendered its decision in Mapp v. Ohio. The case involved an unlawful, warrantless search of Dollree Mapp's apartment by the police looking for a fugitive. During the search, the police came across illegal pornography and charged Mapp with the possession of obscene materials. The US Supreme Court reversed Mapp's conviction. The most significant result of this decision was the formation of the "exclusionary rule" for state prosecutions. At the time, the new rule certainly had an impact on US policing, as exemplified in the New York City Police Department (NYPD). In the year prior to the Mapp case, the NYPD had not secured a single search warrant. In the year after the Mapp case, the NYPD secured and executed over seven hundred search warrants. The number of secured search warrants rapidly increased in the coming years. But the rule continues to be controversial. Submission Details: By the due date assigned, in a minimum of 250 words, post to the Discussion Area your response to the following: What is the exclusionary rule, and what was the court's purpose in creating it? Do you agree with the court that such a rule is needed? Is the exclusionary rule still relevant in light of the deterrent of civil liability for police officers? If so, should there be exceptions to the use of this rule? If it is not needed, should laws be passed to bar the courts from using it? Explain and justify your response. Assignment 2: LASA 1: Patrol Allocation Decisions A major challenge for any police administrator is to determine how to allocate the limited resources of the police department to meet the law enforcement needs of the community being served. There is no facet of policing that better demonstrates this challenge than the patrol function. An administrator must not only assess the purpose and capability of the patrol function within the department, but also determine what the patrol will look like in the community, and when and where it will do so. Everyone would like to see a cop drive down their street from time to time. But does everyone need a cop in their neighborhood? What purpose and interests are being served by having patrol officers in one area of town instead of another? Does it make sense to saturate some areas with coverage, even if other areas will go unpatrolled? These are the real choices confronting police chiefs and sheriffs today. Instructions: In this assignment, assume the role of an assistant chief in the Centervale Police Department (CPD). The police chief has asked you to develop a position paper to reflect a patrol strategy for the department which will best serve the needs of Centervale. The chief wants you to consider everything you know about the effectiveness of preventive patrol, directed patrol, broken windows theory, notions of fairness and equity, and other considerations you deem important. Here are some basic facts about Centervale that will help guide your patrol strategy: Centervale is a fairly large, suburban, working class community near a major American city. Your police department includes 100 patrol officers. 50% of the population lives north of the railroad tracks; 50% lives south of the railroad tracks. 80% of the crime occurs north of the railroad tracks; 20% occurs south of the tracks. 20% of the tax base can be found north of the railroad tracks; 80% is south of the tracks (that is, most of the money paying for town services is generated in the south). Crime rates in town go up significantly at night; however, the population of the town goes up significantly during the day (due to an influx of reverse commuters and vibrant retail activity). On average, it takes ten minutes for an officer to arrive to a call when dispatched from the south side of town to the north, or vice versa; however, on average it takes only five minutes to arrive to a call when the officer is already on the correct side of the tracks for the call. What You Need to Do . . . Write a 3-4 page position paper for the chief's consideration which outlines your belief as to how patrol resources should be allocated in Centervale. In other words, where and when would you place your patrol officers in the community? Further, justify your approach based on current research and existing literature about preventive and directed patrol, notions of fairness and equity, the importance of response times, and any other considerations you deem important. In any case, cite at least two additional sources of information beyond the assigned readings. Feel free to make additional assumptions about conditions within Centervale that are not presented in the assignment (for example, the type of crime that is prevalent in the city). However, if you do so, make sure you state those assumptions up front in your assignment as a note to the instructor.