Name Professor’s name Course Date Media bias and abortion Media bias is the selection of stories events and information and presented in a way that it favours one side or a stand point hence disregard or refute the other idea. Media bias has great impact on political and democratic process on any country. These biases take different forms which will be discussed later in this paper. In most situations many people are not in position to discern media bias after a particular story is captured hence blindly follow what is broadcasted. In this regard this paper attempts to analyse media bias in regards to abortion focusing on two major political ideologies that are conservatism and liberalism and further explains how this bias affects the democratic political process in united states. Bias by omission. Bias by omission is when a media clearly captures only one side of the story hence is rapped and in the process she gets pregnancy she may feel like to terminate the pregnancy. In such situations she should be allowed to do so. With keen analysis of the two claims the elements of truth are evident though leaving a gap for choice of the people who either directly or indirectly are affected by the same. Works cited Redden Molly. "How the War on Women Was Won: While You Weren't Watching Conservatives Radically Changed the Landscape of Abortion." Mother Jones no. 5 2015 p. 28 NATHAN CHO. "Geographic Voter Turnout Disparities and Public Health." Lucerna vol. 11 Jan. 2017 pp. 53-76. Linton Paul Benjamin. "Overruling Roe V. Wade: The Implications for the Law." Issues in Law & Medicine vol. 32 no. 2 Fall2017 pp. 341-351. Republicans Prepare for Upcoming Abortion Vote of January 17 2018 (An article) The Abortion Memo of February. 1 2018 (an article) [...]
American Government –Interactive Assignment How to Detect Media Bias and Propaganda Only a small number of citizens are skilled in recognizing bias and propaganda in the news disseminated in their country. Only a relatively few are able to detect one-sided portrayals of events or seek out alternative sources of information and opinion…the over-whelming majority of people in the world, untrained in critical thinking, are at the mercy of the news media in their country (The Foundation for Critical Thinking). Most major news channels present biased information and even go as far as to present fact-less even untruthful information. In response, there is a growing number of “hoaxster” websites that purposely present information that is not based on any known facts but tend to rely on conspiracy theory. Unfortunately, most Americans rely on the news to learn about political events and either believe the story or do not bother to check the information against other reports. This perpetuates political spin, leaving many Americans to wallow in a political echo chamber and this impacts our political process. There seems to be a correlation between news media bias and a trend towards polarization. Americans and their elected officials are moving further left or further right such that middle-ground politics and policies that rely on compromise cannot be reached. The main purpose of this assignment is to increase your awareness of news media bias, to learn to fact check and to analyze how this affects you and our democratic political process. In this assignment you will learn to be a critical reader/listener. You will then apply this skill to expose biases and untruthful information and then analyze the short and long term affects your findings will have on our democratic political process. GENERAL GUIDELINES: This written assignment must be typed and saved as a Word document (.doc or .docx). It should be 5-7 pages, double-spaced, one inch margins, 12 pt. font. No Cover Page is necessary, but parenthetical in-text citation and a Works Cited page (MLA format) are required. Be sure to include your Works Cited IN YOUR assignment document file. To learn more about citation, use the Purdue Owl website and avoid plagiarism: owl.english.purdue.edu (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. . SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS: CHOOSING MEDIA SOURCES News media bias is most profound when news media sources take on very specific political perspectives. Yet, most Americans choose only news media sources that match their own political perspective. This creates what many call “the echo chamber.” For this assignment, you must choose two news media sources with very different perspectives. There are several political perspectives; the two most common are conservative (right leaning) and liberal (left leaning). It is up to you to figure out the political perspective of the sources you are considering. (Here are some links to help get you started: www.allsides.com (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.; www.washingtonpost.com (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. There are several formats from which to choose your sources; these include print (newspaper, magazine), radio, television and the internet. You may choose your sources from any combination of these formats (i.e. two internet sources OR one television source and one internet source). CHOOSING YOUR TOPIC You must choose one topic from the list below. You will then search your two news media sources for this topic. You may need to further narrow your topic so that both of your news media sources are discussing an important element of the topic (i.e. Gun Control might be narrowed down to background checks for gun licenses). These topics are current, so be sure to find recent information presented by your two news media sources (within the last six months). Choose ONE article/broadcast from EACH source (TWO in total). Gun Control Immigration/Refugees NSA Surveillance/Wikileaks Pre-emptive Strike (and/or Drone Strikes) Same-sex marriage The National Budget/Debt Iran’s Nuclear Program Legalization of Marijuana Russian Interference in Elections Net Neutrality N. Korean Nuclear Program Healthcare Acts Immigration policy Abortion/Planned Parenthood Tax Reform If you have a different topic in mind, email me. DETECTING BIAS You will then critically analyze, by comparing and contrasting, how your two news media sources relay the information concerning the topic you have chosen. You MUST use this site to help explain main areas of analysis/BIAS studentnewsdaily.com (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Choose a MINIMUM of 3 main points of bias from this site and use these to develop an in-depth analysis of just how biased your sources are and how these biases affect you AND our political process. Support these points! When looking for specific examples to support your points, look for both verbal and non-verbal clues. Look at the visuals, the headlines, catchy or loaded words placement of article, whether each side (or various sides) are discussed, look at the length devoted to each side. Look to see if names, events, places, organizations, etc. are explained in depth (i.e. is there enough background information to understand the topic). Re-read or re-listen to the articles/broadcasts/websites. Look for even the most subtle factors that might affect the reader/listener. The deeper your analysis, the better it will become (and the higher your grade!). FACT-CHECKING Check your two news sources for a variety of points each presents as “truthful” or as “fact.” The obvious examples include actual numbers, but these can also be embedded into sentences and/or assumed. They can appear as though they are supporting major points or they can appear as the major points themselves. You will need to again critically listen to/read your two news media sources used above and find at least two “facts” or “truths” from each of your news media sources. You will then need to try to fact-check these! This isn’t easily done, so take your time and state whether each fact is true, mostly true, mostly false, or false. You must support this with some credible evidence. A major part of this assignment is to have you search and find credible sources. ANALYSIS Remember that this paper is an analysis. As such, you must present your findings and then use them to analyze our political process. Without this important analysis, your paper is incomplete! With your findings (biases, fact-checking), examine both the short and long term effects on our political system. Be sure that your concluding analysis (more than one paragraph) goes beyond the obvious (i.e. "all news media is biased"). You might start by summarizing your findings (discuss and explain whether or not the reader/listener could make a rational decision after reading/listening to both of these articles/broadcasts). But you MUST also bring in information you have learned about our political process AND examine how your findings uncover the relationship between news media and our political process. Be specific by making a few points and support each point with a thorough explanation. For example, examine what part the media plays in “polarization?” Examine how polarization affects our process and analyze if polarization enhances our political process (i.e. political candidates, voting) or not. HINTS FOR WRITING YOUR ASSIGNMENT Your assignment should be well-constructed, should support a strong thesis and should logically lead to your conclusion Your assignment should begin with an introduction that states your topic, news media choices and your thesis. This introduction should be clear and concise, but no longer than 1 paragraph. The body of your assignment should be an analysis constructed around the 3 or more points (biases) you have chosen to use to analyze your sources. Be sure that you introduce the main point, (i.e. "bias by omission") explain it in your own words, ("bias by omission means that......") support it with specific examples from BOTH of your news media sources (cite your sources) and explain how/why the source is biased and how it affects the reader/listener. Be sure to use (and quote/cite) specific examples from your news media sources to support your points of analysis. You should not use any additional sources or your own opinion for this portion of your paper. the two facts/truths you fact-checked. Be sure that you state the fact/truth you fact-checked and in which source you found it state what source(s) you used to fact-check and why these sources rate the fact/truth as true, mostly true, mostly false, or false. The concluding paragraphs that should be your examination of your findings-your analysis as outlined in #5 above. Be sure that you Provide a few points Provide an in-depth explanation of each of your points and Analyze specific aspects of our political system that might be/are affected by media bias. Cite your sources. Do NOT use first person. SUBMISSION Properly submit your assignment in both the Interactive Assignment file submission and Discussions links by NOON on the due date as listed in our Syllabus. LATE Interactive Assignments will be penalized without a documented reason. There is a grade rubric in our Syllabus for this assignment. Return to the Discussions after you have submitted your assignment and discuss and debate with your fellow students. You may focus on media bias, per se, or you may focus on the student's analysis. In either case, your responses to at least TWO students (one with whom you disagree) must be both relevant and professional!! Your responses are due before MIDNIGHT on the due date.