Name: Professor: Course Name: Chapter 16: The Basics 14 edition Social changes are affected by culture as it loses or gains components through the effects of inventions diffusion and discovery. New ideas and the modification of new ones in a new context creates changes too. The increase of populations creates migration of people hence generating a transition in the society through demographics. Cultural revitalization deprivation social and results from individuals depending on each other as characterized in modern society (Macionis 2016). Modernization creates weak social bonds as individuals concentrate on individual needs and societies becoming heterogeneous. It means that there is more specialization as people indulge in activities that they can do best. It creates the division of labor. Works Cited Macionis John J. Society: the basics. 14th ed. Pearson (1729) 2016. [...]
Textbook and Materials: Society: The Basics 14th ( Chapter 16) Author: John Macionis 1. In this essay, identify and discuss several causes of social change, including cultural processes (invention, discovery, and diffusion), social conflict, ideas, and demographic patterns. Of these factors, which do you think is the most important? Why? 2. In your opinion, what condition or situation in the world today calls out for a social movement aimed at change? Why is change necessary? Do many people agree with you that this is an important issue? What would you do to help bring about this change? 3. Identify at least three of the social movements mentioned in the chapter. Using one or more theories of social movements, provide an explanation for the emergence of each. Can you identify stages in each social movement? If so, what are they? 4. What is claims making? Why is this process important to the success of a social movement? 5. How does deprivation theory differ from mass-society theory as an explanation of social movements? Which do you think is more accurate? Why? 6. Define the concepts Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft in ways that make their difference clear. Apply these concepts to social life in the United States. 7. Explain Emile Durkheim's point in saying that modern society is characterized by "organic solidarity." 8. What did Emile Durkheim say about modernization changing society's solidarity? What about modernization affecting specialization? What, exactly, changes as societies modernize?