Name Professor Institution Course Date Comparison of Socrates and Russel Philosophy plays a major role in the current world as it studies the fundamental nature of knowledge reality and existence especially when used as an academic discipline. In this Russell strongly claims that philosophy is significantly different when compared to the physical science in respective to their utility (Russell pg.89). For instance philosophy aims at a certain kind of knowledge whereby students in this discipline are required to be more imaginative in their intellectual pursuits. Through this students become less likely to uncompromisingly cling to unchallenged conclusions and beliefs. This paper this since the two philosophers focus on the moral action of human beings and how they make their decisions. For instance Russell had no problems with the practical moral judgements and hence if people used his ideas could escape the benign indifference in the world. Work citedDe Strycker Émile. "Plato's Apology of Socrates: a literary and philosophical study with a running commentary." (1994). Russell Bertrand. The problems of philosophy. OUP Oxford 2001. Tongue William Richard. "A History of Western Philosophy and Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day." Franciscan Studies 7.1 (1947): 78-89. [...]
Required Reading: Bertrand Russell "What is the Value of Philosophy?" The purpose of this exercise is to consider the difference between philosophy as part of the arts and humanities, versus philosophy as a speculative science. To help you address the points raised in the chapter from Russell’s book, The Problems of Philosophy, I would like you to also read Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Book I, Ch. 1&2. The chapters from Aristotle’s Metaphysics will help put into perspective one of the practical goals of philosophical inquiry, which is to form the theoretical basis empirical science. Secondly, while philosophers are very interested in science as we commonly understand it, they are also very interested in something none of the other empirical sciences stud – Morality. Considering such questions as “How do you know what are good actions?” or “Why should I try to live a moral life?”, demonstrate some of the most important and seemingly most impenetrable question about human. Yet regardless of how impenetrable these questions are to people, we have found ways to answer them. The most crucial of these way is by the process of self-reflection and dialogue. Socrates’ declaration in Apology, “Know yourself,” does a person no good if they have no one else to discuss it with! For this assignment, begin by considering again Socrates in Plato's Apology. Secondly, and using Aristotle, compare the position of Socrates to that of Russell. Consider both historical circumstance and possible aims in each of the authors' writings. Explain what each author thinks the place of philosophy in human life. Second, identify one area which the goals of morality and the goals of science might come into conflict. Finally, explain how you think Socrates', or Russell's, argument might provide a solution.