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Name Tutor Course Date Sociology Emile Durkheim made the surprising statement that crime is actually useful and perhaps even necessary for all social organization. Write an essay in which you explain Durkheim's approach and point to a number of specific ways in which crime (or more broadly deviance) is functional for society as a whole. According to Emile Durkheim deviance is not abnormal since it performs four essential functions to the society. First it highlights cultural values and norms. Every society has a set of acceptable behaviors and attitudes. However the true nature of virtue also reflects on an opposite idea of vice. Good and evil must exist the same and justice and crime. None can exist without the other and through that the definition of morality becomes clear. Secondly deviance exerts clarity on moral boundaries. When certain people are considered as deviant right and wrong become distinct and from the rest of the society to avoid further destruction or damage. Nearly half of the people who are in prison are there for the first time while the other half have been there before. Meaning a great number of people conform after punishment. Can you imagine a society without crime? What changes in our society would you imagine having to make in order to dramatically reduce the crime rate? Explain your position A society without crime would be a nice place to live. People would not be worried about walking at night or leaving their belongings without supervision. People would concentrate in development other than spending resources rehabilitating or punishing individuals the money would be used to eradicate poverty. More opportunities should be offered to lower and middle-class individuals to avoid deviant ways. Mentoring programs would also play a critical role in helping young individuals realize their potential. [...]

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1. Emile Durkheim made the surprising statement that crime is actually useful and perhaps even necessary for all social organization. Write an essay in which you explain Durkheim's approach and point to a number of specific ways in which crime (or, more broadly, deviance) is functional for society as a whole. 2. Many researchers agree that, in the United States, most arrests for street crime involve people of lower class position. According to Robert Merton, Albert Cohen, Walter Miller, and Elijah Anderson, why would this be the case? How would a broader definition of crime (to include more white-collar and corporate offenses) change the profile of the typical criminal? 3. Apply each of sociology's three theoretical approaches to the topic of deviance. What are the basic insights we gain from each theoretical approach? 4. Describe the labeling theory of deviance. What basic insight about deviance is offered by this approach? How does labeling figure into the difference between primary deviance and secondary deviance? What is the importance of stigma in labeling analysis? 5. What insights does feminist theory provide into our society's understanding of deviance? What criticisms does feminism make of sociological material found in this chapter? 6. The U.S. government provides a great deal of data about crime in the United States. Drawing on FBI data, what can we say about the "typical street criminal" in terms of age, gender, social class, race, and ethnicity? In each case, what can you say to explain the pattern? Do these patterns contain bias? Explain several reasons why we must treat criminal statistics with caution. 7. Every society punishes offenders. Write an essay in which you explain four justifications for punishment. Point out how each justification has come to the forefront at different times in history and explain this pattern as best you can. What evidence is there that punishment actually accomplishes what we say it does? 8. Can you imagine a society without crime? What changes in our society would you imagine having to make in order to dramatically reduce the crime rate? Explain your position.

Subject Area: Sociology

Document Type: Paraphrasing

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Words 550

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02.14.2018

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