Name Institutional affiliation Course Date Hierarchical Compatibilism There are two main philosophical positions and they include determinism and indeterminism. Determinism holds the idea that every state of affairs including human decisions and actions are ultimately determined by external causes beyond their will. Indeterminism holds a different perspective that every single event is wholly determined by antecedent causes. It is simply the opposite of determinism because it holds that if one event is undetermined then determinism is false. Indeterminism supports the free will of all events (Salles). The main problem between the two is the free will. Compatibilism is the belief that offers a solution to that problem. Compatibilism is concerned with the dispute between free will and determinism (McKenna and Russell). Compatibilists believe that there is a close correlation between human freedom and determinism. It allows us to take responsibility for our actions regardless of right or wrong. Compatibilism freedom and morals of an individual why not use the determinists concept? A determinist could have looked at the promotion rather than revenge and health effects of addiction rather than its pleasures. According to my opinion hierarchical compatibilism is not morally or ethically correct to be used as a way of practicing freedom. What one thinks he wants is not what he/she needs and thus the best alternatives should be weighed. Works Cited Caruso Gregg D. "hierarchical compatibilism." Free Will and Consciousness: A Determinist Account of the Illusion of Free Will. Lanham: Lexington Books 2012. 185-189. Print. McKenna Michael and Paul Russell. Free Will and Reactive Attitudes: Perspectives on P.f. Strawson's "freedom and Resentment". Farnham: Ashgate 2008. Print. Salles Ricardo. The Stoics on Determinism and Compatibilism. Aldershot: Ashgate Pub 2005. Print. Timpe Kevin. "hierarchical compatibilism." Free Will 2nd Edition: Sourcehood and Its Alternatives. London: Bloomsbury Publishing 2012. 48. Print. [...]
1. Describe, identify and explain two or more different philosophical positions and the relevant philosophical concepts regarding hierarchical compatibilism 2. Apply critical thinking skills by analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of philosophical positions or theories and by writing a clear and coherent essay 3. Create an informed personal response to a philosophical issue by developing and defending a personal opinion to the selected philosophical problem. (defend why you believe what you believe, explain a rational, but opposing view, explain the assumptions behind your position and that of the opposing view, explain how your position impacts your life and society).