SUBJECT AREA Environmental Sciences
CREATED ON 8th November 2017
COMPLETED ON 9th November 2017
Expert hired: Huddah

Tourism has a Significant Adverse Impact on the Ecological Stability of Coral Reefs.

FALL 2017 TERM PAPER TERM PAPER The term paper should take the form of a scientific document with a thesis statement that you support with sound, scientific facts, theory and arguments. The topic of the term paper should be chosen by you and be approved by Dr. Hanson. You should select your topic by September 27th, 2016. The final paper is due November 26th, 2017 at the start of class. Each student will have a unique thesis statement. The final term paper is worth 30% of your final grade. You will be required to submit electronically a PDF of the paper as well by November 26th, 2017. TERM PAPER OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper is to get you to think critically about scientific information and the different ways in which it can be interpreted, reported and used to support or dismiss a certain position. You will begin by selecting a thesis statement that you believe to be true. The more precise you can be, the easier this exercise will be in the long run for you to complete. For example, if you believe a certain pesticide is negatively impacting the environment, your thesis statement might be “Chemical X is capable of harming freshwater fish populations at current use patterns”, as opposed to “Chemical X is harming the environment.” Another example would be “Organic agricultural practices result in better surface water quality as opposed to conventional agricultural practices” which is a more concise statement than “Organic agricultural practices are better for the environment”. You will give a brief background on your thesis topic and then using five original research papers, show the data that supports your position. The second part of the exercise is to then use those same five papers and show data from them that refutes or calls into question your thesis statement, or critique the papers themselves for their deficiencies in terms of the results they have generated. The purpose of the term paper is to get you to think critically and skeptically about an environmental issue, problem, or proposed solution based on the science at hand. By examining the data from the other perspective, you can begin to understand what future work may need to be done, what questions may lie unanswered, and your own preconceived beliefs on a topic GUIDELINES FOR TERM PAPER Sources of Information and References Please use the online databases available through the library to find references for your paper. Remember to read the journal article; Xeroxing or downloading is not the equivalent of reading. No websites may be used as a reference. Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Use the speller and the grammar checker in your word-processor. Microsoft Word has grammar and spelling checkers but may try to stop you using passive voice. Passive voice is acceptable in scientific writing, especially when describing previous work. The Paper Itself! Layout: The paper must be word-processed and must use headings such as in this guide. Failure to use headings for sections and failure to organize material under those headings will result in loss of marks. Title Page: Type the paper title, the class, your name, your ID number and the date on the front page. 1. Introduction: Not more than 750 words. In the introduction, you should provide the necessary background on your chosen topic. Discuss the basic and relevant background of your topic. You must conclude with the thesis statement that you will be attempting to support/refute in the rest of the paper. What does the ‘science’ say that supports your thesis? In this section, you will examine the scientific literature and use scientific knowledge and principles that will support your thesis. In order to do this, you will need to find and discuss five original peer-reviewed research papers published in scientific journals. You will need to report the data that supports your thesis statement and discuss how each of these papers supports your thesis statement (approximately 1250 words). What does the same ‘science’ say that refutes your thesis? In this section, you will examine the same five scientific papers that you used to support your thesis and discuss and interpret their findings such that they refute, disprove or throw into doubt your original thesis statement (approximately 1250 words). . Conclusions: Summarize your findings in 500 words or less. Restate your original thesis statement give a final interpretation about its veracity based on what you have written throughout the paper. Length of the paper should be about 3,500 words, not including references, tables and figures. You are encouraged to use figures and tables that will assist in supporting your two arguments. Make sure they are clear, neat and have a proper legend, attribution and caption. References: All facts and data must be referenced by author and date (see below). The references should be typed on a separate page(s) and include the following: Authors. Date of article. Full title of article or book. Journal title in full, Volume number; Page numbers (Year of publication for books) References to books should include the editors' names (if any) as well as the chapter authors (if any), publisher, place (city, state, country) and date of publication. This should be done consistently. You should have no need for footnotes. Example from the text: Septimussen and Frathouse (1989) reported the concentration of parathion in ditches draining Sugar cane farms ranged from 30 to 350 µg/L, however, other workers have stated that the range was much greater (0.5-1200 µg/L; Djerassi, 1997; Bonner et al., 1998). Examples from References: Bonner DM, Dandy C, Freely IP, Humble WF. 1998. Persistence of parathion on peach foliage and surface waters of orchards. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry, 120:312-313. Djerassi C. 1997. Pesticide Persistence in the Agricultural Environment. In Environmental Fate of Chemicals. Hummer JJ, Von Hoenhein TB (Eds), Second edition. Academic Press, London (1998). pp 156-189. Septimussen GX, II, Frathouse FH. 1989. Levels of parathion in drainage ditches leading from cane lands in Louisiana. Pantropical Journal of Food Science, Term Paper Marking Scheme Neatness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Spelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Grammar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Layout and organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 TOTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 below are the 5 peer-reviewed journals you could use for the report, if you need more let me know or if you dont agree with some also let me know
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08 November 2017
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08 November 2017
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08 November 2017
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08 November 2017
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09 November 2017
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