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Trace the Scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article (Example)

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Name Institution Professor Course Date Scientific methods used in primary research The article focuses on the experiment made on mice. The core purpose for carrying out the experiment was to know how the coffee helps to lowers diabetes or not? Through the mutation of the mice they make the mice to become diabetic. A group of 11 mice have been given water and another ten supplied with one species being treated with a diluted coffee. This experiment is part of how people use animals to test effects which drugs have on the human beings before applying them to people. It saves people in the world from some of the risk prescriptions which might not be tested. On individual level this study has enlightened me on that use coffee on has effect on diabetes level. [...]

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I need it in 6 hours ! Addresses course outcomes 1 and 4: recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method Before starting this assignment you might want to revisit the Scientific Method Tutorial in the Science Learning Center under the Content area. The original peer-reviewed research article that the above article discusses can be found in the Content area. You may want to look at the peer-reviewed scholarly article for more detail (not required). * Yamauchi et al. (2010). Coffee and caffeine ameliorate hyperglycemia, fatty liver, and inflammatory adipocytokine expression in spontaneously diabetic KK-Ay mice. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (9), 5597-5603. May 12, PMID: 20405946, ISSN: 1520-5118. Researchers recently investigated (see summary in New Evidence That Drinking Coffee May Reduce the Risk of Diabetes) in laboratory mice whether or not coffee prevented the development of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). The mice used in this experiment have a mutation that makes them become diabetic. Answer the questions below based on the information given in the following paragraph. A group of 11 mice was given water, and another group of 10 mice was supplied with diluted black coffee (coffee:water 1:1) as drinking fluids for five weeks. The composition of the diets and living conditions were similar for both groups of mice. Blood glucose was monitored weekly for all mice. After five weeks, there was no change in average body weight between groups. Results indicated that blood glucose concentrations increased significantly in the mice that drank water compared with those that were supplied with coffee. Finally, blood glucose concentration in the coffee group exhibited a 30 percent decrease compared with that in the water group. In the original paper, the investigators acknowledged that the coffee for the experiment was supplied as a gift from a corporation. 1. Identify and describe the steps of the scientific method. Which observations do you think the scientists made leading up to this research study? Given your understanding of the experimental design, formulate a specific hypothesis that is being tested in this experiment. Describe the experimental design including control and treatment group(s), and dependent and independent variables. Summarize the results and the conclusion (50 points) 2. Criticize the research described. Things to consider: Were the test subjects and treatments relevant and appropriate? Was the sample size large enough? Were the methods used appropriate? Can you think of a potential bias in a research study like this? What are the limitations of the conclusions made in this research study? Address at least two of these questions in your critique of the research study (20 points). 3. Discuss the relevance of this type of research, both for the world in general and for you personally (20 points). 4. Write answers in your own words with proper grammar and spelling (10 points)

Subject Area: Biology

Document Type: Paraphrasing

This project has already been completed by one of the Studybay experts. The client rated this project:

Project's rating is 5/5

Price $10

Words 275

Pages 1

Completed in 1 day

Expert Wanjiru

Client Review

Did a fantastic job in a short amount of time!


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