Name Course Institution Date Cultural relativism According to James Rachels (2007) cultural relativism is a theory that explains the morality of people in different society settings. Rachels recognizes that there are various cultural codes and that these codes can never be considered to be universal in all societies. Moreover he points out that these different culture systems do not have an independent standard and therefore are not judged by whether they are wrong or right. Rachels argues that cultural relativism is true in the sense that its consequences have a lot of impact in the human way of life. One of the consequence that Rachels points out is that when cultural relativism is adopted in the many societies there will be no a practice that will not be accepted in other society. However in Africa there are those people in the community that practice women buttering who are actually against such practices. These individuals form groups that will set rules that forbid women buttering. As a result such group is said to have similar moral values to those from other communities that are against such practices. Therefore this shows that there are some values that are in common in different society. Work cited Rait S K. Sikh Women in England: Their Religious and Cultural Beliefs and Social Practices. Stoke on Trent UK: Trentham Books 2005. Print. Rachels James. "The challenge of cultural relativism." Bioethics: An Introduction to the History Methods and Practice (2007): 118. [...]
What does James Rachels mean by “cultural relativism,” and how does he argue against cultural relativism in the sections of the article entitled “The Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism Seriously,” “Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems,” and “How All Cultures Have Some Values In Common”? Write this paper carefully, as if you are explaining this to a friend who has never taken an ethics course. Make sure it is entirely in your own words (unless you quote Rachels directly). Whenever possible, use examples of your own, rather than Rachels’ own examples.