The abstract section is meant to summarize four important moments in your laboratory report: the purpose of your experiment, which is usually the same as the purpose of your lab report; the main findings, the significance of achievements and the key conclusions. At the same time, the abstract usually includes a short reference to the theory or methodology. As a matter of fact, this part of your paper has to let your potential readers understand whether this laboratory report lies within their area of scientific interest. You can imagine that the abstract is a little version of your complete report. Having said that, look at what you should include in the abstract. Note, for each subsection provided below, you need to use one or two sentences, not more.
- There is the main purpose of the report here.
- The description of how you did it.
- What were the achievements of your work?
- Include here the hypothesis and the explanation for the judgment.
- What is the usefulness of the work for you personally. What did you learn when doing the experiment?
The abstract lab report has to be written simply, coherently and clearly. Before you actually proceed to writing it, read your report thoroughly with the objective of making an abstract in mind. Concentrate precisely on the elements of the abstract that you are going to write. When you finish reading your abstract lab report, you need to write your first draft without looking again at your report. You'd better write it in a normal English rather than using different kinds of abbreviations and scientific words. You need to realize that although your potential reader has basic knowledge and comprehension of the subject or your report, he hasn't read the paper yet. Therefore, the abstract has to complete itself, there cannot be figures, graphs or other sections of the paper cited.
Describe the newly observed facts and phenomena and the final conclusions in the abstract. Also, include in it the new numerical data (if appropriate) and put the emphasis on the nature of the data itself. If the results are of the experimental character, describe the methodology you used in order to get such results. Remember making it not longer than one paragraph with nearly 200-250 words in it. Below, you can get acquainted with a part of a well-written abstract.