Introduction Dormant seeds are seeds that are living but have a seed jacket around them. They have all the equipment they have to process and have a metabolism, plus they would be able to germinate if indeed they were under the right conditions. 1 Germination occurs when dormant seed products are put in the right conditions to commence to enlarge and open so roots learn to protrude. Oxygen, water, temperatures, and amount of light are important factors for germination. For peas..