A topology is thought as the layout of the network i. e. the way the nodes are connected. This describes how the network physically looks or the way the network is physically designed. The concept of a topology is important because each network card was created to work with a specific topology. Conversely, if your network cable is already installed and you simply want to use existing wiring, you must select your network cards predicated on the preexisting physical topology. Ideally,..