The triangular snake graph is the graph on vertices with odd defined by starting with the path graph and adding edges for , ..., . The first few are illustrated above, and special cases are summarized in the following table.1singleton graph 3triangle graph 5butterfly graphTriangular snakes are unit-distance and matchstick by construction, perfect. They are graceful when the number of triangles is congruent to 0 or 1 (mod 4) (Moulton 1989, Gallian 2018), which is equivalent to when .
A kayak paddle graph is the graph obtained by joining cycle graphs and by a path of length (Gallian 2018). is isomorphic to the 3-barbell graph.Kayak paddle graphs are planar, cactus, unit-distance and matchstick graphs. They are also bridged and traceable and have arboricity of 2.Litersky (2011) proved that kayak paddle graphs are gracefulwhen: 1. , , 2. (mod 4) for , 3. , (Litersky 2011, Gallian 2018).