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1. A good term paper must be argumentative. As such, a perspective or reasoned opinion is required so that a clearly stated thesis is mandatory. A thesis statement is your “main point” or “main argument” which is basically your main position or stance on the issue. It serves as your overall argument. In other words, you must form an opinion by making an argument for or against an issue.
2. What is the topic/issue? It is ‘Liberty, Equality and Democracy’. For this assignment, you will need to integrate your knowledge of the basic concepts in politics and government. You will be required to read the articles that are linked here and use these materials as a springboard for your thought process -- although you could use them as well in your paper. You will also be required to do some library research.
3. The main research question that you need to respond to is: Do you agree with the statement that the only way we can resolve the tension between liberty and equality is not to insist on “equality of outcome” – that everyone has the same regardless of situation – but to strive to create “equality of opportunity”? Your answer to this question will be your thesis statement.
4. A good government ensures the well-being of its people, and government policies impact the ability of its people to live decent lives. The more common thinking is that all political parties are the same, and this arguably makes people less enthusiastic about participating in the process of electing their governments (Module 1). But political parties still have key differences in their policy approaches on major issues such as taxes and government budgets because this affects the investment behavior of businesses as well as job opportunities and consumption behavior of individuals as workers and consumers.
5. According to the World Bank, the world economy is going to go through a decade of sluggish economic growth in the 2020s as the current economic upswing is temporary and is going to fizzle out. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2018/01/09/global-economy-set-decade-gloom-world- bank-predicts-recovery/. In other words, capitalist economies undergo a boom-and-bust cycle, and governments respond to this economic challenge in varied ways, depending on their ideological preferences.
6. Canadian political leaders agreed that the economy was the most important issue of the campaign in the federal elections of 2015. The 6.9 million Canadians who voted into power the Liberal Party led by now our Prime Minister Justin Trudeau believed that running budget deficits is the way to go to fund infrastructure program and stimulate the economy in times of economic downturn. This Keynesian approach on the economy was the turning point of the political campaign, helping the Liberals vault from third place in the polls to first, and eventually won the elections. http://www.canadianbusiness.com/economy/trudeaus-gamble-on-deficit-spending-became-the- liberals-turning-point/.
7. South of the Canadian border, the Americans voted into power then candidate and now President Donald Trump whose economic strategy is opposite of Canada's. Reducing corporate as well as personal income taxes to encourage investments and consumption from both corporations and individuals to fuel high growth across the board was the path chosen by the Republican Party. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/20/business/economy/tax-bill-economy.html
8. Economic policies have consequences that will tremendously affect the creation of job opportunities both in the public and private sectors. For example, the Toronto Star recently reported what Canadian business leaders think about the Trudeau government's 2018 budget - that the recent U.S. tax reforms have left Canadians at a competitive disadvantage, and the Liberals' 2018 budget offered little help. https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2018/02/27/federal-budget-fails-to- help-canadian-businesses-stay-competitive-critics-charge.html. Moreover, foreign direct investment in Canada plunges to the lowest in eight years, the Financial Post reports. http://business.financialpost.com/news/economy/foreign-direct-investment-in-canada-plunges-on- oil-exodus-1.
9. Conversely, the Trump administration in the United States seems to be paying off. Lawrence Solomon points out that “Last week, according to the Rasmussen poll of likely voters, Trump became popular with 50 per cent of the electorate, higher than Barack Obama’s 45 per cent standing at the same stage of his presidency... Trump’s popularity has been climbing, especially among those who especially count — voters. Trump’s rising stock with the American public should puzzle no one: he has delivered and Americans are feeling good about themselves. The Conference Board puts consumer confidence at a 17-year high; the Labor Department puts unemployment at 17-year low. For the first time in decades, median incomes of Americans are rising, putting a spring in their step. “Americans’ optimism about finding a quality job averaged 56 per cent in 2017, the highest annual average in 17 years of Gallup polling and a sharp increase from 42 per cent in 2016,” Gallup reports. http://nationalpost.com/opinion/lawrence-solomon-think-trumps-about-to-be-stopped-prepare-to- be-surprised-again/wcm/e889664d-dd3f-416b-9351-343cc7cd7822.
10. Singapore’s “asset-building’ policies have been suggested by some Western academics as a worthy alternative to the West’s social welfare policies. https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/visiting- professor-lauds-asset-building-policies-of-singapore.
11. Writing the paper involves critical thinking skills and the ability to organize your arguments and evidence logically. Your paper must have the following parts: introduction, body, conclusion, and references. The introduction puts forth the issue and your thesis statement. The body of the paper must include two important parts – your point(s) or reason(s) and the evidence. Your “points” or “reasons” are sometimes called the “because” clauses that explain your thesis and make your main argument convincing. The “because” clauses must be organized in a logical manner. The “evidence” is simply the information, fact, or example that you use to support your point or reason. The body of your paper must be organized based on your “because” clauses. In other words, the “because” clauses will be the basis for the sub-headings of the body of your paper.
12. The conclusion should re-emphasize your thesis, and be stated in a different and persuasive manner as your closing statement. It is also helpful to state in the conclusion section how each of your arguments has supported your thesis.
13. Your references must include scholarly materials such as books and journal articles as well as newspapers, magazines, and videos. You will need to use five scholarly materials as the minimum number of references. The APA style should be used for in-text citations and references, such as, for example, (Gillis, 2012, p.1).
14. Your essay must be 5 pages in length (not less, not more) excluding the list of references and title page. The paper should be typed and double-spaced. The font type and size should be Calibri and 12, respectively.
15. The title page is a separate page. The following should be included on the title page: 1) the manuscript page header, 2) title of your paper (you should provide a title to your term paper), your name and your student number, 3) course name, number, and section, 4) the instructor’s name, 5) name of the university, and 6) date submitted.
16. Submit an electronic copy of the Term Paper to the Instructor on the designated deadline as indicated in your Course Outline, or earlier via the “Assignment” section. Late papers will be penalized 10 per cent deduction per day. The paper should be in Word format, and if you submit it in a different format and my office computer system is not able to open the file you submitted, YOU WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO RE-SUBMIT YOUR PAPER. THIS MEANS THAT YOU WILL HAVE A GRADE OF ZERO FOR THIS PARTICULAR ASSIGNMENT.
How will your Term Paper be evaluated?
Your paper will be evaluated based on the following criteria:
The range of concepts (for example, liberty, democracy, ideology, power, freedom of speech
and so on) in politics and government that were effectively integrated into your answer and/or
The presence of a clear, well-developed thesis, and the logical development of the argument in
your paper. (30%)
How well the format of the manuscript conforms to the instructor’s requirements, as indicated
above in specific instructions. (10%)
The manuscript organization and prose: the overall organization of the paper, such as the
organization of the main topic, sub-topics and use or choice of words. (10%)
1. A good term paper must be argumentative. As such, a perspective or reasoned opinion is required so that a clearly stated thesis is mandatory. A thesis statement is your “main point” or “main argument” which is basically your main position or stance on the issue. It serves as your overall argument.