Researchers have never been able to agree on the definition of culture. Culture is something intangible, something abstract that is difficult to understand and identify just what it includes. The ethnical definitions that are targets two measurements: culture systems of shared ideas, values, beliefs and meanings, that is, culture as cognitive systems, or culture as things and situations in a group, that is, culture as transmitted behaviour patterns (Bang, 1999). Culture is a collective sensation since it is shared by all people residing in the same public environment. It's the collective mental programming which distinguishes the members of a group or category of folks in one another. Furthermore, you can separate the ethnicities after various levels of mental programming.
Keywords: white mans burden poem research, real white mans burden poem
I try to measure the use of irony and image in the poems "The White Man's Burden" and the "Real White Man's Burden" to see how effective both writers were in using these elements to convey meanings. Regarding Kipling, I'll consider two tips of views. The first viewpoint is the fact Kipling was an imperialist who supports the take over of other governments to show superiority. The next point of view is the fact that Kipling was an imperialist who supports the dominate of other governments as an act of humanity to bring civilization to the uncivilized and, that he warns of the perils of demonstrating superiority as oppose to taking true liberation. In the case of Crosby, since he presents a single view point, I am going to evaluate his success of using irony and symbolism in parodying the task of Kipling.