Name Professor Course Date Critical analyses of a science fiction story Masculinity or feminist identity refer to how one finds himself or herself to be masculine or feminine in reference to what the society terms as a woman or man. Masculinity and Feminist are derived from the social value instead of biological. Society determines what being a male or female means in term of emotional and bravery dominant or passive (Butler 12). Males responds by considering themselves as masculine and females as feminine. The definitions are from a societal perspective so it is possible for one to consider himself as feminine or masculine It is very crucial to differentiate gender identity as presented above from gender related terms like gender roles. Gender roles refers to the shred expectations depending on one given gender. For instance gender roles may involve women undertaking all domestic roles while men invest in work According to Margaret study she found out that patterns of gender identity are not the same. It is important to understand the various meanings in the definition of masculine and feminine. By such understanding one will be able to know different power and status quo societal division of labor and allocation of different privileges and responsibilities. Modification of social system will be achieved by modifying personal beliefs about feminist and masculinity. Works Cited Butler Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Rutledge 2010. Print.Kimmel Michael. The Gender of Desire: Essays on Male Sexuality. Albany NY: State University Of New York Press 2015. Print. Kimmel Hanna. Scandinavian Critique of Anglo-American Feminist Theology =: Skandinavische Kritik Angloamerikanischer Feministischer Theologie = Critique Scandinave De La Théologie Féministe Anglo-Américaine. Leuven: Peeters 2013. Print. Steans Jill. Gender and International Relations: Issues Debates and Future Directions. Cambridge: Polity Press 2009. Print. [...]
Papers should be written in MLA format and run 1,400-1,750 words (approximately 4-5 pages). choose one of these topics. It has been argued that science fiction’s imaginary worlds can each be situated somewhere on the continuum between the opposing poles of utopia and dystopia. Consider how two or three of the stories published since 1980 suggest futures that will be better in some ways and/or worse in some ways than the “real” world that produced them. What do the features of these various futures suggest about the historical contexts that produced them? Write an essay about imaginative representations of the alien in two or three of the stories published since 1980, including some consideration of the ways in which these representations function (for example, in terms of how they help to define “humanity” or how they act as metaphors of “otherness”). How has the portrayal of the alien in sf evolved since the early decades of the 20th century? Compare, for instance, “Shambleau” and “A Martian Odyssey” (as examples of “pulp” sf from the 1930s) with “Out of All Them Bright Stars” and “Think Like a Dinosaur” (as examples of modern sf). Many readers agree that the fictional worlds of science fiction intersect with the “real” world in two quite different ways: through extrapolation and through metaphor (what Ursula K. Le Guin calls “thought experiment”). Using two or three of the stories published since 1980 as examples, write an essay in which you identify and discuss these two kinds of relationship between fictional worlds and real world. Which of these two tendencies seems most emphasized in the individual texts you? Discuss how two or three of the stories published since 1980 are “about” gender; that is, discuss how these texts construct/support/critique/ question/subvert various ideas about “femininity” and/or “masculinity.” Another way to consider this question is to consider the narrative worlds and structures of these texts and how they “estrange” conventional ideas about gender and gendered behavior. Remember that a text can be “about” gender in many ways. According to some commentators, American sf from the mid-1980s can be divided into two main camps: the humanists versus the cyberpunks. Discuss this polarization. Issues you might choose to focus on include: the relative importance of technology within both subgenres, their divergent stylistic norms and literary values, problems involved in the general division itself. Contrast the role of the hero in early sf (pre-1960) versus contemporary sf. How has it changed? Why? Modern science fiction is sometimes described as more “inward looking” than “outward looking.” Explain, using examples taken from two or three stories published since 1980.