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Speech 3: Pretty Persuasion:
Persuasion: Urging, influencing, or enticing through language in a manner that is not constraining or threatening. The word persuasion originally comes from a Latin word that means ‘sweet’ and is related to the Greek word for ‘pleasure’ or ‘sweetness’. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno, persuasion is represented by an open hand rather than a closed fist. Persuasion involves three appeals: ethos, pathos, and logos.
Informal definition: An attempt to influence, convincing someone, has more to do with pathos, where as argument has more to do with ethos.
Argument: A form of rational persuasion. The word argument comes from the Latin word for ‘silver’ and literally refers to making an idea clear. An argument consists of three parts: claims, reasons, and assumptions.
Informal definition: An attempt to persuade someone to believe or do something. (web.syr.com)
The persuasive speech you prepare and present for this class may be either a speech to convince or a speech to actuate. As you would expect, your topic should deal with a problem or issue which is interesting to you and which is important and relevant to your classmates.
A speech to convince should be designed to change audience attitudes and/or beliefs. Although you will probably wish to build upon attitudes or beliefs we already hold--as well as evidence and reasoning--you will not have successfully convinced us unless you have persuaded us to adopt new attitudes or beliefs.
A speech to actuate should be designed to change audience behavior. You may urge us to take a specific action (donate, purchase, attend, join, give, walk) or to adopt a specific policy or credo which would affect future behaviors.
Your persuasive speech will have a central claim instead of a central idea. You must prove this claim using appropriate data (including evidence) with a clear connection to your claim.
The “main ideas” in this speech will also be claims, either variations on the same claim or a series of claims which build upon one another. Your technical plot should not only label these as “claims” instead of “main ideas,” your technical plot should also identify which type of claim (Fact, Value, or Policy) each is. And you must accurately label your data, your supporting materials for these claims.
For example, you can effectively argue that television is harmful to children by building identifying a series of claims identifying “harms? (too much sex, too much violence, too much consumerism, too many unrealistic expectations). You would prove those claims with a variety of data. You would cite specific instances your classmates have seen to provide. But you would also cite authoritative evidence, especially the research and opinions of experts. In most cases you will need to concisely identify the nature of the research or the basic qualifications of the expert.
On the other hand, you might have to inform us that something exists (Claim of Fact), prove it to be undesirable (Claim of Value), and then persuade us to take a specific stance or action (Claim of Policy). Thus, you might inform us about the consolidation of broadcast stations and networks, and then demonstrate how that has resulted in fewer divergent points of views (cite evidence!) in broadcast news (Claims of Fact). Once you have established the “facts,” you could argue that this is contrary to the best interests of citizens in a democracy (again, offer proofs). Finally, you could persuade us that our government should restore limits to the number of stations one company can own.
Select a topic that is first of all important/interesting to you. Also remember your audience, what is important/interesting to them.
This speech should be 6-8 minutes long.
Be sure to include an introduction and conclusion, preview the main points, clear main points, provide an overall frame, and tie everything together in clear, concise and vivid language.
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence works best speeches of Policy.
The speech should be delivered extemporaneously, with note cards or a brief outline as your guide. DON’T READ! Do write out any quotes or stats that you use for accuracy, but make sure you have some practice in what they say, so that you are not ‘just reading’ them. PRACTICE your speech well. Know it bodily, as well as verbally. Practice any visual aids or technology you’ll be using. Also, practice making transitions between speakers.
Your overall speech must use 5 references You may, of course, use more if you need/want them. Be sure to cite your sources both in your speech, for ethos, and in a bibliography at the end of your speech. Your research is important in order to be effective in persuasion. Make sure your statistics and facts are accurate, your stories and examples vivid and true.
As for the outline, again, it needs to be typed, full sentences, formal in design, complete with general purpose, specific purpose, thesis statement, introduction, body, conclusion, all transitions, and any works cited.
Choose the persuasive organizational pattern in your book, which enables your group to give the most effective presentation.
Other factors considered in grading include:
Delivery- clear in terms of vocal rhythm, pattern, rate and volume; utilizing frequent eye contact with the audience; no distracting physical delivery (posture, movement); effective use of any visual aids incorporated in the presentation;
Content-has a recognizable division among main points; an overall theme; clear and effective introduction and conclusion, and satisfies criteria of being a persuasive speech.
Organization-has a recognizable introduction, body and conclusion
Everyone in your group MUST turn in the grade sheet attached below before you begin speaking. Fill out your name, the date and a title or theme for your speech in the spaces provided. Don’t forget this sheet!
List of Persuasive Speech Ideas
Abuse Of The Elderly Abused Women Academic Dishonesty Academic Freedom Acid Rain Addiction Adoption Affirmative Action Afghanistan Africa Age Discrimination Aging Population Agricultural Policy AIDS/HIV Air Pollution Airline Safety Alcohol Abuse Aliens and UFO's Alternative imprisonment Alternative Medicine American Education Reform Amnesty Animal Experimentation Animal Rights Animal Welfare Arab-Israeli Conflict Armed Conflicts Arms Control Arms Trade Atomic Energy Ballot Initiatives Battered Women Bermuda Triangle Bigamy Bilingual Education Biodiversity Biological and Chemical Weapons Bird Flu Body Piercing Breast Feeding in Public Cameras in Courtrooms Campaign Finance Reform
Campus Related Issues Capital Punishment Censor Hate Speech Censorship Chain Gangs Child Labor
Child Predators City Curfews
Civil Rights Climate Change Policy
Coastal Restoration Cuba Dating Campus Issues Depression Dieting Disabilities Act Domestic Violence Drug Policy Drunk Driving
Ebola Endangered Oceans Endangered Species
Espionage and Intelligence Gathering Ethnic Violence Family Violence Fat Tax On Food Feminism Foreign Oil Dependence Foreign Policy Foster Care Fraud Gambling Gangs Marriage Equality Gay Rights Genetic Engineering Genetically Engineered Foods Global Resources Global Warming Government Fraud and Waste Hate Crime Health Care Policy Home Schooling Homeland Security Homeless in America Human Cloning
Human Rights Immigration Infectious Diseases Inner City Poverty Internet Chatrooms Iraq Juvenile Crime
Katrina/Rita Related issues Language Policy
Legalizing Marijuana Legal System Littering Marriage and Divorce Media Violence Medical Ethics Medicinal Marijuana Medicine Abuse Minimum Wage Missile Defense System National Tobacco Settlement Nuclear Technology Organ Donation Organized Crime Peace Polygamy Pornography Poverty Prison regime Race Relations Racial Profiling Rain Forests Recycling Reproductive Technologies Russia School Uniforms School Violence Sex Education Single Parent Families Smoking Social Security Reform Social Welfare Space Exploration Stadium Taxes Stem Cell Research Tax Reform Teen Pregnancy Term Limits Terrorism Tobacco Industry Trade with China Transportation US Budget US War on Drugs Urban Terrorism Vaccinations Violent Video Games Voluntary National Testing
Volunteerism War Crimes War On Drugs Water Resources Weapons Disarmament Welfare Reform
Wetlands of Louisiana Women in the Military Women's Rights Working Women World Trade
Questions to ask yourself
Do you know global, national, state, community, job or school related problems and solutions, issues or controversies, related to the persuasive speech ideas?
Historical or current events, places, processes, organizations or interesting people?
Concerns, opinions, beliefs, attitudes or values?
What did you see about the persuasive speech ideas in the news or read in books?
Is there a link with personal experiences, professional or personal goals?
Speech 3: Pretty Persuasion:
Persuasion: Urging, influencing, or enticing through language in a manner that is not constraining or threatening. The word persuasion originally comes from a Latin word that means ‘sweet’ and is related to the Greek word for ‘pleasure’ or ‘sweetness’. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno, persuasion is represented by an open hand rather than a closed fist.