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Background: Throughout this unit we have been looking at why people came to the “New World” to establish colonies and why the United States pushed west across the continent of North America and how colonization and westward expansion impacted Indigenous peoples as well as Mexican citizens and enslaved people. In our previous unit we have also looked at some early conflicts between the English colonists and the Native Americans. During the trimester you have been gathering evidence of the relationship between Native Americans and both colonial governments and the United States government.
Historians, politicians, Native tribes and others have been debating whether the policies of the governments of the colonies and the United States constitute genocide. This topic is very controversial. Those who support the arguments that the treatment of Native peoples constitutes genocide point to the United Nations Resolution on Genocide to support their viewpoint. You will look at the United Nations resolution and then at the historical record to decide if genocide has been perpetrated against Native peoples in North America.
Pro: The policies toward and treatment of Native peoples by Colonial governments and later the United States was genocide.
Con: The policies toward and treatment of the Native peoples by Colonial governments and later the United States was not genocide.
Because you missed the class debate due to an absence you must meet the requirements of the debate in a persuasive essay in which you will explain that the Treatment of the Native Americans by American colonists and later the United States government and citizens either was or was not genocide, using the United Nation’s definition of genocide. You must do the following in your essay:
• You must argue one side of the issue, either that it was or was not genocide.
• You must use the materials from class, from Google Classroom posts and your own research to back up your arguments. You should use statistics, quotes and facts from the sources in the essay, they must be properly cited.
• You must also explain why it could not possibly be genocide or why it was genocide (the opposite of your position) Again, you must use quality primary and secondary sources to support your position)
• You must cite all sources that are used as evidence in your essay and in a works cited page. It must be in MLA format.
• You must proof-read, as spelling, capitalization, proper essay format and grammar will count toward your grade.
• The essay must be typed in 12 point font with 1 inch margins on all sides. Your name, block and date should be in the top left hand corner, single spaced. The title must be in bold and centered at the top of the page in no larger than 16 point font. The rest of the essay may be double spaced. Please do not quadruple space between paragraphs and you must indent the first sentence of the paragraph.
Paragraph 1: Introduction and position statement on the issue of genocide of Native Americans
Paragraph 2: First argument to that supports your position on the issue of genocide of Native Americans—you must use evidence to support your argument
Paragraph 3: Second argument that supports your position and supporting evidence
Paragraph 4: Third argument that supports your position and supporting evidence
Paragraph 5: first paragraph explaining why it could not possibly be the other side—use evidence from the primary and secondary sources as evidence.
Paragraph 6: second paragraph explaining why it could not possibly be the other side with evidence
Paragraph 7: third paragraph explaining why it could not possibly be the other side with evidence
Paragraph 8: Conclusion, restate your positon statement and summarize your arguments.
Works Cited: must be on its own sheet of paper and must be in MLA format.
You will be given a numerical grade for your essay and will be scored on the Social Studies Competency Rubric
Literacy: how well have your interpreted the primary and secondary source documents in forming your opening and closing statements, arguments and rebuttals
Citizenship: are your arguments backed by historical events and facts, is your historical understanding of the events accurate
Communication: are your arguments, rebuttals and opening and closing statements well organized and easy to understand, do you present the information clearly
Research: have you used other sources to support your arguments, did your team submit a works cited page and is it in MLA format
Background: Throughout this unit we have been looking at why people came to the “New World” to establish colonies and why the United States pushed west across the continent of North America and how colonization and westward expansion impacted Indigenous peoples as well as Mexican citizens and enslaved people.