Ethnicity and crime Burt C. Simons R. & Gibbons F. (2012). Racial discrimination ethnic-racial socialization and crime. American Sociological Review 77(4) 648-677. Burt and others in their article Racial Discrimination ethnic-racial socialization and crime provide that many explanations regarding the racial differences in crime disregards major risk factors that are linked to race or interpersonal ethnic discrimination. Their research is based on focusing on the previous studies that evaluate race and crime at the small-scale or local levels. In the study they specify the model of social psychology that connects individual experiences with ethnic discrimination to the high risk of committing a crime. Moreover the study also entails a consideration of an African American culture including ethnic socialization as well as exploring whether preparation for bias and cultural socialization forms provide the criminological impacts of the interpersonal racial discrimination. Using findings Piquero and Brame suggest that regular differences of race usually seen in the literature of criminology cannot be proved according to their research samples. Ethnicity is not mainly the cause of crime since every group of individuals can engage in criminal behavior. References Burt C. Simons R. & Gibbons F. (2012). Racial discrimination ethnic-racial socialization and crime. American Sociological Review 77(4) 648-677. Holness N. (2009). Race ethnicity crime and justice: An international dilemma. Journal of Cultural Diversity 16(4) 187-190. Hurley R. J. Jensen J. J. Weaver A. & Dixon T. (2015). Viewer ethnicity matters Black crime in TV News and its impact on decisions regarding public policy. Journal of Social Issues 71(1) 155-170. Piquero A. R. & Brame R. W. (2008). Assessing the race–crime and ethnicity–crime relationship in a sample of serious adolescent delinquents. Crime & Delinquency. 54(3) 390–422 [...]
Use library databases to find at least 4 research articles relating to your topic. Each article must be from a refereed or peer-reviewed source. For each article, give (1) a complete and accurate citation in APA bibliography format (see below), and (2) a one- to two-paragraph summary of about 150-200 words. A good summary is clear, extremely concise, written in full sentences, written entirely in your own words (do not quote the articles), and answers the following five Annotation Questions: 1. What did the researcher(s) study? (i.e., topic, research questions) : What was the main research question or the topic of the study? 2. How did they study it? (i.e., research methods, including a general indication of the sample/setting: children, adults, in the community, a school, etc.) 3. What conclusions did they find? What was the main finding? 4. How does this article apply or relate to your study?: What answers does it possibly offer to your research question? What answers does it not offer to your research question (i.e. what are the article’s weaknesses, in terms of your research question)? 5. Also, include ONE of the following: a. a brief comparison with the other articles that you located (i.e. is the sample different, the method, etc.) b. significant policy implications c. suggestions for future research Please read the following additional instructions carefully. Your articles must be research reports. They present the authors' research and conclusions in detail. A two-page article cannot be a full research report. Only peer-reviewed journal articles of an original research study count (no book reports or discussions/commentaries on issues or topics). If you are unclear of whether an article meets this criteria, please ask the instructor prior to submitting the assignment. Your articles must come from refereed or peer-reviewed journals, meaning that the authors' peers read and review the articles before the journals agree to print them. Regular magazines and newspapers are not acceptable. If you have trouble finding enough acceptable articles, contact your instructor as soon as possible. Your articles need to address your research topic, but not necessarily your specific research question. For example, if I were researching people's attitudes about the legal drinking age and its effect on safety, my articles could be research reports about alcohol and safety even if they don't specifically talk about the legal drinking age. Your entries should be in alphabetical order by author's last name. The annotated bibliography should be single-spaced, with an extra space between one entry and the next. In your final proposal, this is the only section that will be single-spaced. The annotations must be in your own words. Do not copy and paste directly from the articles. If you copy directly from the articles, you will receive a zero on this assignment.