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Critical Review of a Journal Article

Critical Appraisal • A critical review (sometimes called a critique, critical commentary, critical appraisal, critical analysis) is a detailed commentary on and critical evaluation of a text • To be critical does not mean to criticise in an exclusively negative manner. To be critical means to question the information and opinions in the text, in an attempt to evaluate or judge its worth overall • An evaluation is an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of a text • Understand the purpose of each section, and be aware of the type of information and evidence that are needed to make it convincing, before you judge the entire article The abstract • Should always have an abstract • Is it concise and does it neatly summarise the i) knowledge gap in this area of study and ii) the results their implications in this study? • Does it outline the methodologies, findings and recommendations? The introduction • Is the literature review both extensive yet concise enough to be engaging and informative? • Does it progress from general to specific information? • Is it up to date?! • Has it identified a knowledge gap? • Does it provide a balanced point of view? • A good literature review backs up its central statements with appropriate references • Does it state the knowledge gap or hypothesis and why a particular experimental design was chosen to address it? The methods • Is the design suitable to address the questions posed? • Do they state if the methods are confirmatory, exploratory or descriptive in nature • Is the study’s endpoint defined!? • If statistics are used, are they appropriate for the study and the data generated? • Are there any ethical or conflict of interest considerations and are these explained/declared? The results • Are the results presented clearly and consistently in a well structured manner? • Are the findings coherent with enough detail provided? • Are there any gaps in the data-gathering and are they accounted for? • The results are objectively presented without analysis at this point • Have the aims been addressed? The discussion • The researcher firstly describes the results and then goes on to provide some analysis of the findings • Is this discussion and analysis balanced? • How do these findings compare with the status quo? • There must always be a critical analysis of the study’s limitations! • Does the discussion refer back to points mentioned in the introduction? • Are statements and numerical data reinforced by citations? • Did the study provide innovative and interesting new data? One approach for your assignment • Read the article over from start to finish i) was it comprehensible and was the data clearly presented? ii) what methods did they use? iii) was the knowledge gap clearly identified? iv) was it objective? • Read it again (and again) and work through each section i) how much of each section contains what it should do? ii) list strengths/weaknesses of each section and state why iii) if you think you’ve identified a weakness in the study – compare it to a similar publication that has used a different/better approach – cite a comparison Plan and write your draft • A short critical review should have a brief introduction, simply providing the subject of the research and the author, and outlining the structure you will be using • The simplest way to structure a critical review is to write a paragraph or two about each section of the study in turn • Within your discussion of each section, you should first sum up the main points such as the key findings, or methodology used, to show your understanding After this, present the strengths and weaknesses, as you see them, of the section, with an explanation of your thinking, and evidence • It is useful to plan out each section of your review as a short list, or bullet points, so that you can see that you have included everything • Final draft • You should point out the strengths of the study to show you are aware of their importance, as in: ‘These results are consistent with the aims of the research…’ ‘The findings are clearly presented using diagrams and a graph…’ ‘The discussion consistently relates the key findings to research discussed earlier…’ • When you identify weaknesses, you should use a cautious, objective style. You can use such phrases as: ‘This sample seems fairly small in view of…’ ‘It might have been helpful to provide more details of…’ ‘There is no explanation for the absence of any literature after 2003. It would have been useful to know why this was the case.’
Critical Appraisal • A critical review (sometimes called a critique, critical commentary, critical appraisal, critical analysis) is a detailed commentary on and critical evaluation of a text • To be critical does not mean to criticise in an exclusively negative manner.
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Assignment ID
52685
Discipline
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CREATED ON
October 22, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 23, 2016
Price
$30
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