Name: Instruction: Course: Date: Euphemism in Truth: Defending the Indefensible According to George Orwell the English language is decadent just like the civilisation of the era and his argument towards is that this decadence is ultimately owed to both political and economic issues. English language is becoming ugly and this is because the language has been characterized with lack of precision and staleness of imagery. This is to mean that instead of directly speaking out we are dressing simple language in ugliness as an escape from being definable in what we say. Precisely this essay will explore the various ways that euphemism has redefined the whole English language through defending the indefensible from George Orwell’s perspective in order to understand the language that has become very common in the society today. Literature Review In order to understand fully what this essay entails we will begin by understanding what euphemism is; is distorting the language through hiding the truth and even to some extent creating blind worship of idols that have fallen. Language should be a clear glass meaning it should be able clarify and explain the world the same way we see it rather than giving reality a different shade. We are all political creatures because we at some level use this political language to get a point across but in doing this we should ensure that the recipients of our message are not blinded or given vague information as they will go ahead and preach what we say; therefore language should be used to clarify the truth rather than modify the truth. Works Cited Milroy James and Lesley Milroy. Authority in Language: Investigating Language Prescription and Standardisation. London: Routledge & K. Paul 1985. Print. Orwell George. Politics and the English Language: An Essay. New York: Typophiles 1946. Print. [...]
This assignment requires reading. The reading is attached. Also, the guideline is also attached. You can find the readings in google too for better quality. There are three different topics that you can write about, you can chose anyone you like. Also, you might not need to read all the reading. However, it is important to show that you have read the readings in the essay. A) In the essay "Politics and the English Language", George Orwell writes In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defense of the indefensible. Discuss some of the techniques used to 'defend the indefensible' - those considered by Orwell and those we considered in class. Be as specific as you can; discuss as many particular examples as you can. It might be useful to look again at "Standard English and the Complaint Tradition", by Milroy and Milroy. Make sure to relate your essay in some detail to the concepts of linguistic relativity discussed in class. B) What does Deborah Cameron (supplemental reading) mean by 'verbal hygiene'? Be as precise as you can, and cite as many examples as you can. Much of what Cameron discusses is commonly known as 'PC speak'. Talk to your friends and relatives about 'PC speak'. How do they understand this notion? (Do they give examples?) What emerges from this talk? Does this topic elicit any derision, annoyance, or anger? Any other reactions? Why do you think this is? In your opinion, are the feelings justified? Make sure to relate your essay in some detail to the concepts of linguistic relativity discussed in class. C) Assess linguistic re-appropriation. In class we mentioned that some groups are attempting to reappropriate or reclaim words historically used against them. Give a description of how this movement originated and what it's goals are. Critically assess these goals in terms of linguistic determinism and relativity.